LÖWENTHAL, JOHANN JACOB:
Hungarian chess-master; born July, 1810, in Budapest; died at St. Leonard's-on-Sea, England, July 20, 1876. He was educated at the gymnasium of his native city, and received a civil appointment under the administration of Louis Kossuth. On the downfall of the latter, Löwenthal was expelled from Austria-Hungary, and he emigrated to America (1849). In 1851 he went to London, and thenceforward resided permanently in England. At the Manchester tourney of 1857 Löwenthal defeated Anderssen for first place; in 1858 he lost a match with Morphy; and in the same year he gained first prize at Birmingham.
Löwenthal was for some time chess editor of "The Illustrated News of the World" and of "The Era." He was editor also of "The Chess Players'Magazine" (1863-67). In 1860 he published "Morphy's Games of Chess, with Analytical and Critical Notes." Under the influence of W. G. Ward, with whom he played chess, Löwenthal became a Roman Catholic.
- Dict. Nat. Biog.