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ABRAHAM OF TROYES:

Head of the community of Troyes, France; lived about the middle of the twelfth century. He was a contemporary of Rabbenu Tam. The influence that he exercised at Troyes gave rise to a somewhat curious legal incident. Eleazar ha-Nadib (the word nadib denotes a Jewish Mæcenas), against whom he had brought an action, demurred to appearing before the rabbinical court at Troyes; and, being supported by Isaac ben Samuel of Dampierre, had his case referred to another tribunal (Gross, "Gallia Judaica," pp. 165, 239). YomṬob ha-Nadib, the son of Eleazar, being placed in a similar position, also refused to be judged at Troyes, and was sustained in his contention by Judah Sire Leon of Paris ("Rev. Ét. Juives," vii. 42). At the same time Simson ben Abraham of Sens took the part of the son-in-law of Simson of Troyes, who, being afraid of the influence of the opposite party, also objected to being tried before the rabbinical court of that town (Gross, l.c.).

S. K.
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