1. Chief of a family the members of which, two hundred and twenty-three in number, returned from captivity with Zerubbabel (Ezra ii. 19; comp. Neh. vii. 22). Seven of them had married foreign women, whom they had to put away (Ezra x. 33). Hashum was among those who sealed the covenant with Nehemiah (Neh. x. 18). 2. One of the chiefs who stood on the left side of Ezra when he read the Law to the people (Neh. viii. 4).