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The unedited full-text of the 1906 Jewish Encyclopedia
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Isidore Singer, Ph.D.

MANAGING EDITOR, New York City.

Contributions:
WEINGAERTNER, FELIX ALPHONSE – French musician and composer; born at Nantes May 5, 1844. The son of a musician, he received his early education at home, later entering the Ecole des Beaux-Arts at Paris, where he became the pupil of Alard and of Vieuxtemps....
WEISS, ADOLPHE – French painter; born at Budapest May 11, 1838. He was educated at the School of Fine Arts in Vienna, and in 1860 went to Paris to complete his studies. His first exhibit at the Salon (1869) was a portrait of M. Marmontel....
WEISS, ISAAC HIRSCH – His Early Ability. Austrian Talmudist and historian of literature; born at Gross Meseritsch, Moravia, Feb. 9, 1815; died at Vienna June 1, 1905. After having received elementary instruction in Hebrew and Talmud in various...
WEISS, JOSEPH HIRSCH – Hungarian rabbi; born at Podola, Comitat Neutra, 1800; died at Erlau 1881. He was a descendant of a long line of rabbis resident in Moravia in the seventeenth and eighteenth centuries; the family name was originally Weissfeld....
WEISS, LEOPOLD W. – German ophthalmologist; born at Giessen 1849. He was educated at the universities of Giessen (M.D. 1874), Tübingen, and Vienna; and from 1875 to 1877 acted as an assistant at the ophthalmological institute of the University of...
WEISS, MARKUS NISSA – Hungarian advocate of Reform. In 1792 he had a small business at Pesth, and in 1794 he leased an estate near Munkacs, where his oppressions gave rise to complaints among the Galician Jews. In 1802 he published a pamphlet...
WEISS, MAX – Hungarian chess-player; born July 21, 1857, at Szered on the Waag. Removing to Vienna, he studied mathematics and physics at the university, and afterward taught those subjects. Having, however, learned to play chess in his...
WEISS, WILHELM – Austrian mathematician; born at Ridka, Bohemia, Feb. 3, 1859; died at Prague June 18, 1904. He received his early education from his father, who was a teacher at Ridka; and from 1881 to 1887 he studied successively at the...
WEISSMANN-CHAJES, MARCUS – Austrian scholar; born at Tarnow, Galicia, 1830. He was destined for a rabbinical career, and began early to receive instruction in the Talmud and in rabbinics, among his tutors being Israel Rapoport, then rabbi of Tarnow. When...
WEISZ, BERTHOLD – Hungarian deputy; born at Budapest 1845. He was educated at the gymnasium and commercial academy of his native city, devoting himself especially to the study of political economy. In 1876 he became a member of the arbitration...
WELTSCH, SAMUEL – Austrian cantor; born at Prague Sept. 12, 1835; died in that city Aug. 5, 1901. Belonging to a family of ḥazzanim, he early entered the profession, and became cantor of the Meisel synagogue at Prague while quite a young man. He...
WERBER, BARUCH – Austrian Hebraist; born at Brody, Galicia, in the beginning of the nineteenth century; died there July 31, 1876. Werber, who was a follower of Isaac Erter and Nachman Krochmal, founded a Hebrew weekly, which was published in...
WERBER, JACOB – Austrian Hebraist; born at Brody, Galicia, Feb. 4, 1859; died there Aug. 20, 1890; son of Baruch Werber. When only fifteen years of age Jacob could write and speak Hebrew fluently; and in 1874 he published in "Ha-'Ibri" a...
WERTHEIMER, JOSEPH, RITTER VON – Joseph Wertheimer.Austrian philanthropist and author; born at Vienna March 15, 1800; died there March 15, 1887. He was the descendant of an old and prominent Jewish family; and his father was an intimate friend of Joseph von...
WERTHEIMER, SAMSON – Supplied the Imperial Army. Austrian court Jew, financier, and rabbi; born at Worms Jan. 17, 1658; died at Vienna Aug. 6, 1724. He was the son of Joseph Josel Wertheimer (d. May 2, 1713, at the age of eighty-seven), and received...
WERTHEIMER, SOLOMON AARON – Hungarian rabbi and scholar; born at Bösing Nov. 18, 1866. In 1871 he went with his parents to Jerusalem, where he was educated; and in 1890 he resided at Cairo, Egypt, where he collected ancient Jewish manuscripts. He is the...
WESSELY, MORITZ AUGUST – German physician; born at Bleicherode, near Erfurt, Oct. 15, 1800; died at Nordhausen March 7, 1850; nephew of Naphtali Hirz Wessely. He was educated at the universities of Halle and Göttingen (M.D. 1823); from 1823 to 1828 he...
WESSELY, NAPHTALI HIRZ (HARTWIG) – German Hebraist and educationist; born at Hamburg 1725; died there Feb. 28, 1805. One of his ancestors, Joseph Reis, fled from Podolia in 1648 on account of the Chmielnicki persecutions, during which his whole family had...
WESSELY, WOLFGANG – Austrian jurist and theologian; born at Trebitsch, Moravia, Oct. 22, 1801; died at Vienna April 21, 1870. At the age of fourteen he was sent to Prague to prepare himself for the rabbinate, graduating as Ph.D. in 1828, and as...
WE-YE'ETAYU – A piyyuṭ, by Eleazar Ḳalir (Zunz, "Literaturgesch." p. 21), chanted by the ḥazzan during the Musaf service on the days of New-Year and Atonement, according to the northern ritual; but omitted by many German congregations. The...
WEYL, MEïR B. SIMḤAH – German rabbi; born at Lissa 1744; died at Berlin 1826. He was a pupil of Hirsch Janow. In 1771 he became associate rabbi at Lissa, and in 1784 was called associate rabbi to Berlin, where he was elected chief rabbi in 1800,...
WIDAL, FERNAND GEORGES – French physician; born at Paris March 9, 1862. From 1886 to 1888 he devoted himself to public demonstrations of the researches of the faculty of pathological anatomy, and during the two years following was in charge of a course...
WIDDIN – Bulgarian fortified town, situated at the confluence of the rivers Widd and Danube.The beginnings of the Jewish community of Widdin were in the thirteenth century, its earliest members being some Byzantine and Hungarian Jewish...
WIENER, ADOLF – German rabbi; born in Murowana-Goslin, Posen, 1811; died in Oppeln, Prussian Silesia, Aug. 25, 1895. Having acquired his diploma as Ph.D., he went as rabbi to Posen, where he introduced a modern synagogal service with German...
WIENER, JACQUES – Belgian engraver; born at Hoorstgen, Rhine Province, 1815; died at Brussels Nov. 3, 1899. When thirteen years of age he was sent to Aix-la-Chapelle to be instructed in drawing, modeling, and engraving by his uncle Baruch, who...