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Gotthard Deutsch, Ph.D.

Professor of Jewish History, Hebrew Union College, Cincinnati, Ohio.

Contributions:
GROSSMANN, IGNAZ – American rabbi; born at Trencsen, Hungary, July 30, 1825; died March 18, 1897, in New York city. He received his education at the yeshibah of Presburg, and in 1863 was called as rabbi to Koritschan, Moravia, which position he in...
GROSSWARDEIN (NAGY-VARAD) – Hungarian city, with a population of 51,000, about one-fourth of whom are Jews. The ḥebra ḳaddisha was founded in 1735, the first synagogue in 1803, and the first communal school in 1839. The old Jewish quarter, known as the...
GRÜNHUT, DAVID – German rabbi of the seventeenth and eighteenth centuries; born at Frankfort-on-the-Main, where his father was secretary of the congregation, and his maternal grandfather, Simon Günzburg, was a member of the rabbinate. In 1682 he...
GUENÉE, ANTOINE – French priest and Christian apologist; born at Etampes 1717; died 1803. He wrote, besides various apologetic works, "Lettres de Quelques Juifs Portugais, Allemands et Polonais, à M. de Voltaire," Paris, 1769, often reprinted and...
GUIDACERIUS, AGATHIUS – Italian Christian Hebraist; born at Rocca-Coragio, Calabria, in the second half of the fifteenth century. Having studied Hebrew under a Portuguese rabbi at Rome, he was appointed teacher of that language at the university. In...
GUMURJINA – Town in European Turkey, west of Adrianople. It has a population of 26,000, including 1,200 Jews. The Jewish community possesses separate schools for boys and girls with a roll of 200 children, a synagogue, and five charitable...
GÜNZBURG – Town of Bavaria, in the province of Swabia, on the Danube. A small but flourishing Jewish community existed there in the sixteenth century. In 1566 the Jews of Günzburg petitioned Emperor Maximilian H. to recognize as rabbi...
GUTAH, ZERAHIAH – Talmudic author of the seventeenth century; died at Cairo in 1647. He was a pupil of Jehiel Bassani and Joseph di Trani while living in Constantinople. He removed later to Jerusalem, and thence to Hebron, and finally settled in...
ḤABIB, JACOB (BEN SOLOMON) IBN – Spanish Talmudist; born at Zamora about 1460; died at Salonica 1516. In his youth Ḥabib studied the Talmud under R. Samuel Valensi. In 1492, when the Jews were expelled from Spain, he settled at Salonica, where he wrote his "'En...
ḤABIB, LEVI BEN JACOB IBN – Rabbi of Jerusalem; born at Zamora, Spain, about 1480; died at Jerusalem about 1545. Under King Manuel of Portugal, and when about seventeen, he was compelled to submit to baptism, but at the first opportunity fled to Salonica,...
ḤABIB, MOSES IBN – Palestinian rabbi of the seventeenth century. He was a disciple of Jacob Ḥagiz, one of whose daughters he married. He wrote: "Geṭ Pashuṭ," on the laws of divorce, Ortakeni, 1714; "Shammot ba-Areẓ," Talmudic novellæ;...
HAGAR – Biblical Data: Egyptian handmaid of Sarah, and mother of Ishmael. According to one narrative, Sarah, having no children, requested Abraham to take Hagar as concubine, so that she might adopt her children (comp. Gen. xxx. 3,...
HAGAR – Biblical Data: Egyptian handmaid of Sarah, and mother of Ishmael. According to one narrative, Sarah, having no children, requested Abraham to take Hagar as concubine, so that she might adopt her children (comp. Gen. xxx. 3,...
HAGENAU – Fortified town of Alsace, situated on the Moder, sixteen miles north of Strasburg. Attracted by the numerous privileges granted to its inhabitants by Frederick Barbarossa, Jews settled there soon after it received its charter as...
HAGENBACH – Village in Upper Franconia, Bavaria. That an old Jewish colony existed there is proved by "Das Martyrologium des Nürnberger Memorbuches" (ed. Salfeld, p. 271), which mentions Hagenbach among those places in which the Jewish...
HAGGADAH (SHEL PESAḤ) – Development. Ritual for Passover eve. Ex. xiii. 8, R. V., reads: "And thou shalt tell thy son in that day, saying, It is because of that which the Lord did for me, when I came forth out of Egypt." On the basis of that passage it...
ḤAGIZ, JACOB – Palestinian Talmudist; born of a Spanish family at Fez in 1620; died at Constantinople 1674. Ḥagiz's teacher was David Karigal ("Ḳorban Minḥah," No. 105), who afterward became his father-in-law. About 1646 Ḥagiz went to Italy...
ḤAGIZ, MOSES – Palestinian rabbi and author; born at Jerusalem in 1671; died at Safed after 1750. His father, Jacob Ḥagiz, died while Moses was still a child. The latter was therefore educated by his maternal grandfather, Moses Galante the...
HAHN, JOSEPH YUSPA NÖRDLINGER (JOSEPH BEN PHINEHAS NÖRDLINGEN) – German rabbi; born at Frankfort-on-the-Main in the latter half of the sixteenth century; died there April 3, 1637. He received a good education from his father, the learned rabbi Seligmann. The name "Hahn," as his grandson,...
HAIDA, SAMUEL – Bohemian cabalistic author; died June 1, 1685, in Prague, where he was dayyan and preacher, and which was probably his native city. He edited the Tanna debe Eliyahu Rabbah with two commentaries and copious references (Prague,...
HALBAN, HEINRICH, RITTER VON – Austrian statesman; born at Cracow 1846; died at Gastein Aug. 13, 1902. Halban, whose name was originally Blumenstock, studied law at Cracow, and went to Vienna some time before 1870, where he devoted himself to journalism. When...
HALBERSTADT – Thirteenth to Sixteenth Century. Town in the Prussian province of Saxony. The earliest documentary evidence of the presence of Jews in Halberstadt is contained in a letter of protection from Bishop Volrad, dated 1261 (Bishop...
ḤALFAN, URI SHERAGA PHOEBUS BEN ELIEZER MANNELES – Rabbi of Ungarisch-Brod, Moravia, in the first half of the eighteenth century. He was the author of a work entitled "Dat Esh," containing responsa and a commentary on the laws of Kilayim in Maimonides' code (Berlin, 1743). The...
HALLE-ON-THE-SAALE – University town in the Prussian province of Saxony. Jews settled there soon after the city was founded, in the beginning of the twelfth century, the wealthy members of the community having business relations with the nobility in...
HALLE-ON-THE-SAALE – University town in the Prussian province of Saxony. Jews settled there soon after the city was founded, in the beginning of the twelfth century, the wealthy members of the community having business relations with the nobility in...