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Gotthard Deutsch, Ph.D.

Professor of Jewish History, Hebrew Union College, Cincinnati, Ohio.

Contributions:
HERDER, JOHANN GOTTFRIED VON – German Protestant theologian, poet, and writer; born at Mohrungen, East Prussia, Aug. 25, 1744; died at Weimar Dec. 21, 1803. He studied theology, philosophy, and the humanities at the University of Königsberg, where he acquired...
HERMANMIESTETZ – City in Bohemia. Jews were living there as early as 1509, engaged in commerce and money-lending; but the Jewish community proper dates from 1591. The Jews were confined to a ghetto under the protectorate of the overlords of the...
HESS, ERNST FRIEDRICH – German convert to Christianity and anti-Jewish writer; lived in the sixteenth century. He was the author of "Neue Judengeissel, eine Polemische Schrift Gegen Juden und Judenthum" (Fritzlar, 1589; Paderborn, 1600 and 1606;...
HESS, MENDEL – German rabbi; born at Lengsfeld, Saxe-Weimar, March 17, 1807; died at Eisenach Sept. 21, 1871. He was one of the first Jewish theologians to combine a university education with Talmudical training. From 1828 until his death he...
HESSE – Former landgraviate of the German-Roman empire. The only Jews mentioned in documents relating to its early history are those of some parts of Thuringia. After the organization of the county of Hesse, with the capital...
HESSE – Former landgraviate of the German-Roman empire. The only Jews mentioned in documents relating to its early history are those of some parts of Thuringia. After the organization of the county of Hesse, with the capital...
HILDESHEIM – Town in the Prussian province of Hanover. At what time Jews were first admitted to this old episcopal city is uncertain. In a document of Jan. 7, 1347, mention is made of the taxes to be paid by the Jews. The bishops of...
HILDESHEIMER, SAMUEL BEN JOSEPH – Rabbi at Frankfort-on-the-Main (1618-22). He reorganized the Jewish congregation, whose administration, in consequence of the Fettmilch agitation, was disrupted. Upon his proposition seven representatives, chosen from among the...
HILLEL BEN NAPHTALI HERZ – Lithuanian rabbi; born at Brest-Litovsk in 1615; died at Zolkiev Jan. 3, 1690. After he had studied under Hirsh Darshan, Hillel went to Wilna, where from 1650 to 1651 he was a member of the rabbinical college. He stayed at Wilna...
HISTORISCHE COMMISSION – Commission appointed by the Deutsch-Israelitische Gemein-debund in 1885 for the collection and publication of material relating to the history of the Jews in Germany. It consisted originally of Privy Councilor Kristeller, and...
ḤIYYA GABRIEL – Turkish Talmudist; lived at Safed in the seventeenth century. Wolf ("Bibl. Hebr." iii., No. 595) and Fuuml;rst ("Bibl. Jud." i. 173) call him "Ḥiyya ben Gabriel." He was the author of a work called "Seder Zemannim," a calendar...
HÖCHHEIMER (HÖċHHEIM, HOCHHEIMER, HECHIM) – Bavarian family, named after its original home in Hochheim. The following are its more important members:Elias ben Ḥayyim Cohen Höchheimer: Astronomer of the eighteenth century; born in Hochheim; died in Amsterdam, whither he...
HÖCHHEIMER (HÖċHHEIM, HOCHHEIMER, HECHIM) – Bavarian family, named after its original home in Hochheim. The following are its more important members:Elias ben Ḥayyim Cohen Höchheimer: Astronomer of the eighteenth century; born in Hochheim; died in Amsterdam, whither he...
HÖCHHEIMER (HÖċHHEIM, HOCHHEIMER, HECHIM) – Bavarian family, named after its original home in Hochheim. The following are its more important members:Elias ben Ḥayyim Cohen Höchheimer: Astronomer of the eighteenth century; born in Hochheim; died in Amsterdam, whither he...
HÖCHHEIMER (HÖċHHEIM, HOCHHEIMER, HECHIM) – Bavarian family, named after its original home in Hochheim. The following are its more important members:Elias ben Ḥayyim Cohen Höchheimer: Astronomer of the eighteenth century; born in Hochheim; died in Amsterdam, whither he...
HOCHMEISTER – Name used in German medieval documents for "rabbi" or "grand rabbi." It seems to have been first used in the Palatinate in the fourteenth century. In 1364 Sussmann, the "Hochmeister" of Ratisbon, received permission to open a...
HOCHSTÄDTER, BENJAMIN – German rabbi; born 1810 at Hürben, Bavaria; died at Frankfort-on-the-Main Dec. 8, 1888. As teacher and preacher at Heddernheim, near Frankfort (1833-38), and at Wiesbaden (1838-45), and as rabbi at Langenschwalbach and at Ems,...
HOHENEMS – Town in Vorarlberg, Austria, between Tyrol and Lake Constance. In 1890 it had a total population of 3,988, of whom 118 were Jews. In the period of its greatest prosperity (1862) the community numbered 564 souls. The town...
HOHENZOLLERN – Two principalities, Hohenzollern-Hechingen and Hohenzollern-Sigmaringen, named from the castle of Zollern, in Swabia; formerly sovereign states, but since 1849 incorporated into the kingdom of Prussia. In a total population of...
HOLLESCHAU – City in Moravia, with about 5,600 inhabitants. The old ghetto of Holleschau still forms a separate township, and contains therefore a German interdenominational school, which is mostly frequented by Jewish children. The Jewish...
HOLZMANN, MICHAEL – Austrian historian of literature; born at Slavaten, Moravia, June 21, 1860; studied at Lemberg, Vienna, and Berlin (Ph.D. 1888). Since 1891 he has been connected with the library of the University of Vienna. He has written:...
HOMEM, ANTONIO – Jewish martyr; born in 1564 of Neo-Christian parents at Coimbra, Portugal; suffered death at the stake in Lisbon May 5, 1624. His father's name was Vaez Brandão; and his mother was a granddaughter of Nuñez Cardozo, called "the...
HOOGSTRATEN (HOCHSTRATEN), JACOB VAN – Belgian controversialist; born at Hoogstraeten, Belgium, about 1460; died at Cologne Jan. 21, 1527. He studied at Louvain and Cologne, and became prior of a Dominican convent, professor of theology at Cologne University, and...
HOORNBEEK, JOHN – Dutch controversialist of the seventeenth century. He was the author of "Libri VIII pro Convincendis et Convertendis Judæis," a manual for missionaries to the Jews, with copious prolegomena (Leyden-Amsterdam, 1655). Although he...
HOROWITZ, ISAIAH – German cabalist, rabbi, and author; born at Prague about 1555; died at Safed about 1630. At an early age he accompanied his father, Abraham Horowitz, to Poland and studied under Solomon Rabbi Lebush's in Cracow. He married the...