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Gotthard Deutsch, Ph.D.

Professor of Jewish History, Hebrew Union College, Cincinnati, Ohio.

Contributions:
LAPAPA, AARON B. ISAAC – Oriental rabbi and Talmudist; died 1674. He was at first rabbi at Manissa, Turkey, and at an advanced age was called to Smyrna as judge in civil affairs. In 1665, when the Shabbethai Ẓebi movement was at its height there, he was...
LARA, COHEN DE – Spanish family, members of which settled in Amsterdam, Hamburg, London, and America.Aaron Cohen de Lara: Ḥazzan of the Spanish-Portuguese community of Amsterdam from 1729 to 1744; a relative of Abraham Cohen de Lara; Haham...
LATTES (LATTAS) – Family that includes many scholars among its members. The name frequently occurs with the prefix "De" ( , ), and seems to have originated in Lattes, a little town near Béziers, France (Steinschneider, "Cat. Bodl." No....
LATTES (LATTAS) – Family that includes many scholars among its members. The name frequently occurs with the prefix "De" ( , ), and seems to have originated in Lattes, a little town near Béziers, France (Steinschneider, "Cat. Bodl." No....
LATTES (LATTAS) – Family that includes many scholars among its members. The name frequently occurs with the prefix "De" ( , ), and seems to have originated in Lattes, a little town near Béziers, France (Steinschneider, "Cat. Bodl." No....
LATTES (LATTAS) – Family that includes many scholars among its members. The name frequently occurs with the prefix "De" ( , ), and seems to have originated in Lattes, a little town near Béziers, France (Steinschneider, "Cat. Bodl." No....
LATTES (LATTAS) – Family that includes many scholars among its members. The name frequently occurs with the prefix "De" ( , ), and seems to have originated in Lattes, a little town near Béziers, France (Steinschneider, "Cat. Bodl." No....
LATTES (LATTAS) – Family that includes many scholars among its members. The name frequently occurs with the prefix "De" ( , ), and seems to have originated in Lattes, a little town near Béziers, France (Steinschneider, "Cat. Bodl." No....
LAZARUS, LEYSER – German Talmudist; born at Filehne 1820; died at Breslau April 16, 1879; brother of Moritz Lazarus. He first attended yeshibot, then went to Sondershausen as fellow teacher of Rabbi Heidenheim, and there attended the gymnasium....
LECCE – Town of southern Italy, capital of the province of the same name (formerly Terra d'Otranto); contained one of the most prominent Jewish settlements in the Neapolitan kingdom before their expulsion. There are traces of the...
LEGHORN – Seaport city of Tuscany. Its Jewish community, although the youngest among the large communities of Italy, was for some time the foremost because of the wealth, scholarship, and political rights of its members. The first traces...
LEHRANSTALT FÜR DIE WISSENSCHAFT DES JUDENTHUMS – Rabbinical seminary at Berlin; founded in 1870 and opened in 1872 as the "Hochschule für die Wissenschaft des Judenthums," which name, upon the order of the government, was changed in 1883 to the one it now bears.A movement for...
LEIBZOLL – Rate of Toll. A special toll which the Jews had to pay in most of the European states in the Middle Ages and up to the beginning of the nineteenth century. The origin of the Leibzoll may be traced to the political position of...
LEIPSIC – A city of Saxony. The first mention of its Jewish community occurs in the middle of the thirteenth century in the "Or Zarua'" of Isaac ben Moses of Vienna (p. 215b), who speaks of a synagogue and of a tax on the community. The...
LEMON, HARTOG – Dutch physician and worker for the emancipation of the Jews; born about the middle of the eighteenth century; died at an advanced age at Amsterdam Dec. 5, 1823. On the completion of his medical studies he was appointed physician...
LEON (LEÃO) – Spanish-Portuguese family having branches in Italy, Holland, Germany, England, southern France, the Orient, the West Indies, especially Jamaica, and Surinam.1. Abraham Judah Leon: Assistant rabbi of the Spanish-Portuguese...
LERNER, MAIER – German rabbi; born in Galicia 1857. He studied in Berlin under Hildesheimer, became rabbi at Winzenheim, Alsace (1884-1890), and preacher for the Federation of Synagogues in London (1890-94), and, since 1890, has been chief...
LEVI, JEDIDIAH B. RAPHAEL SOLOMON – Rabbi at Alessandria and Sienna; died 1790; author of hymns for the reconsecration of the synagogueat Sienna 1786; these hymns were printed in "Seder Zemirot we-Limmud," Leghorn, 1786.Bibliography: Steinschneider, Cat. Bodl....
LEVY, ABRAHAM HIRTZEL – Alsatian martyr; born at Wittolsheim; executed at Colmar, Alsace, Dec. 31, 1754. He was accused with three other Jews of having stolen property amounting to three thousand livres from the house of a widow named Madeline Katin....
LICHTENSTEIN, HILLEL – Hungarian rabbi; born at Vecs 1815; died at Kolomea, Galicia, May 18, 1891. After studying at the yeshibah of Moses Sofer he married, in 1837, the daughter of a well-to-do resident of Galantha, where he remained until 1850, when...
LIEBERMANN, AARON (ARTHUR FREEMAN) – Russian writer; born at Wilna about 1840. Persecuted because of his participation in revolutionary movements, he fled to America, and died by his own hand at Syracuse, N. Y., Nov. 8, 1880. He was the editor of "Ha-Emet," a...
LIEBERMANN, BENJAMIN – German manufacturer; born at Märkisch Friedland Feb. 4, 1812; died in Berlin Jan. 15, 1901. In 1825 his family moved to the latter city; and Liebermann, after completing a school course, entered the employ of a firm in London....
LIEBERMANN (LIBERMANN), ELIEZER – Talmudist of the first half of the nineteenth century. According to G. Wolf, in his biography of Isaac Noah Mannheimer (p. 10, Note), he was a native of Austria; Jost ("Culturgesch." iii. 24) says that he pretended to be a...
LIEBERMANN, MATTATHIAS BEN ASHER LEMLE – Rabbi and preacher in Prague in the second half of the seventeenth century; died there 1709. He was the author of "Mattat Yah," a collection of sermons on the Pentateuch, reaching only to Numbers xxxiii. (Frankfort-on-the-Oder,...
LINDAU, BARUCH BEN JUDAH LÖB – German mathematician; born at Hanover in 1759; died at Berlin Dec. 5, 1849. He wrote: "Reshit Limmudim," a text-book of natural science (part i., physics and geography, Berlin, 1789; Brünn, 1796; Cracow, 1820; part ii., natural...