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Emil G. Hirsch, Ph.D., LL.D.

Rabbi, Sinai Congregation; Professor of Rabbinical Literature and Philosophy, University of Chicago; Chicago, Ill.

Contributions:
HAGGERI – Father of Mibhar, one of David's chosen warriors (I Chron. xi. 38 [R. V. "Hagri"]). In the parallel list, II Sam. xxiii., the words "ben Hagri" (the son of Hagri) are changed to "Bani ha-Gadi" (Bani, the Gadite).E. G. H. M....
HAGGI – Second son of Gad and progenitor of the Haggites (Gen. xlvi. 16; Num. xxvi. 15). The name is the same for individual and for family.E. G. H. M. Sel.
HAGGITH – One of David's wives; known also as the mother of Adonijah (II Sam. iii. 4; I Kings i. 5, 11; ii. 13; I Chron. iii. 2), but apparently married to David after his accession to the throne. Adonijah is commonly designated as "the...
HAGIOGRAPHA – The third part of the Old Testament canon, the other two being the Law ( ) and the Prophets ( ). It includes the three books (Hebrew initials of ), which in a special sense are designated as the poetic books par excellence, Job,...
HAIL – Frozen rain falling in pellets of various sizes and shapes. The Hebrew words for "hail" are: , the most usual term: (Ezek. xiii. 11, 13; xxxviii. 22); and (Ps. lxxviii. 47), the meaning of which is only conjectural. Hailstones...
HAIR – Biblical Data: The hair of the ancient Hebrews was generally black (comp. Cant. iv. 1, v. 11). In Eccl. xi. 10 black hair is designated as a sign of youth in contrast with the white hair of age. Josephus narrates ("Ant." xvi. 8,...
HAKKOZ – 1. A priest, chief of the seventh course, appointed by David (I Chron. xxiv. 10). In this passage the ח is considered by the Septuagint to be the definite article, the name being "Ḳoẓ." 2. Progenitor of a post-exilic priestly...
HALHUL – City in the hill country of Judah, mentioned in the list of cities in the inheritance of that tribe (Josh. xv. 58). Halhul was about four miles to the north of Hebron, and, according to a Jewish tradition (Hottinger, "Cippi...
HALI – Town on the boundary of Asher, mentioned in Josh. xix. 25 between Helkath and Beten. The Septuagint gives the name as "Aleph."E. G. H. B. P.
HALLELUIAH – A doxological expression signifying "Praise ye the Lord," the sacred name being shortened to its first two letters. Except in Ps. cxxxv. 3 it is found only at the beginnings or ends of psalms; namely, civ., cv., end; cvi.,...
HAMAN THE AGAGITE – Biblical Data: Son of Hammedatha; chief minister of King Ahasuerus (Esth.iii.1-2). As his name indicates, Haman was a descendant of Agag, the king of the Amalekites. On account of his attempt to exterminate the Jews in the...
HAMATH – A city and district on the northern frontier of Palestine (Num. xiii. 22, xxxiv. 8; I Kings viii. 65; and elsewhere), situated at the foot of Mount Hermon (Josh. xiii. 5; Judges iii. 3). It is once called = "the great Hamath"...
HAMATH-ZOBAH – A place mentioned in II Chron. viii. 3, as having been taken by Solomon. Some conjecture that Hamath-zobah is the same as Hamath; but the rendering of the former as "Bacsoba" by the Greek translators indicates that the two were...
HAMMATH – One of the fortified cities of Naphtali (Josh. xix. 35). It is probably the same as Hammoth-dor, which was allȯtted to the Levites in Naphtali (ib. xxi. 32), and which, in the parallel list of I Chron. vi. 76, is called...
HAMMEAH, TOWER OF – Tower near the sheep-gate of Jerusalem (Neh. iii. 1, xii. 39). The rendering of the Greek version, "the tower of the hundred," might be interpreted to mean that the tower either was garrisoned by one hundred men, or was one...
HAMMEDATHA – Father of Haman (Esth. iii. 1, 10; viii. 5; ix. 10, 24). He is generally designated as the "Agagite," being referred to only once (ib. ix. 10) without that epithet. The name, derived from the Persian, signifies "given by the...
HAMMER – The following designations for "hammer" are found in the Hebrew Bible:1. "Maḳḳabah" ("maḳḳebet"): A tool or implement used by the stone-cutter for hewing stone (I Kings vi. 7); by the smith in fashioning iron (Isa. xliv. 12), or...
HAMMON – 1. A place in the territory of Asher, mentioned in Josh. xix. 28, between Rehob and Kanah. It is believed that the ruins now called "Ummel-'Amud" (or "'Awamid") occupy its site.2. A city allotted to the Levites out of the tribe...
HAMON-GOG – A glen at one time known as "the valley of the passengers on the east of the sea," so named after the burial there of "Gog and all his multitude" (Ezek. xxxix. 11, 15).E. G. H. B. P.
HAMOR – A Hivite prince; father of Shechem, whose defilement of Dinah caused the destruction of a whole city, including his own family (Gen. xxxiii. 19, xxxiv. 2, and passim). Hamor had great influence over the Shechemites; for on his...
HAMUEL – The son of Mishma, a descendant of Simeon (I Chron. iv. 26).E. G. H. M. Sel.
HAMUL – The younger son of Pharez, Judah's son by Tamar, and head of the family of the Hamulites (Gen. xlvi. 12; Num. xxvi. 21; I Chron. ii. 5).E. G. H. M. Sel.
HAMUTAL – Daughter of Jeremiah of Libnah and mother of Kings Jehoahaz and Zedekiah (II Kings xxiii. 31, xxiv. 18; Jer. lii. 1). In the last two passages the more correct reading is "Hamital," which is invariably adopted by the...
HANAMEEL – Biblical Data: Son of Shallum and cousin of Jeremiah. The latter purchased a field from him for seventeen shekels of silver in token of his belief that the Israelites would return to their land (Jer. xxxii. 7-12).E. G. H. M....
HANAN – 1. A. Benjamite chief (I Chron. viii. 23). 2. The sixth son of Azel, also a Benjamite, of the family of Saul (ib. viii. 38). 3. Son of Maachah, one of David's mighty men (ib. xi. 43). 4. Progenitor of a family of the Nethinim,...