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Emil G. Hirsch, Ph.D., LL.D.

Rabbi, Sinai Congregation; Professor of Rabbinical Literature and Philosophy, University of Chicago; Chicago, Ill.

Contributions:
HATHACH – One of the eunuchs in the palace of Ahasuerus (Xerxes), in immediate attendance on Esther, who employed him in her communications with Mordecai (Esth. iv. 5-10, R. V.). The Septuagint has ἈξραΘεῖος.E. G. H. B. P....
HATTUSH – 1. Son of Shemaiah, a descendant of the kings of Judah, in the fifth generation from Zerubbabel (I Chron. iii. 22). He returned with Zerubbabel and Ezra from Babylon to Jerusalem (Ezra viii. 2; Neh. xii. 2), and was one of those...
HAVILAH – Name of a district, or districts, in Arabia. According to I Sam. xv. 7, Saul smote the Amalekites from Havilah to Shur (the region of the "wall"), "over against Egypt"; the Ishmaelites are also placed in the same locality (Gen....
HAVOTH-JAIR – Certain villages or towns on the east of the Jordan in Bashan and in Gilead, named after their conquerors. 1. The towns of Jair, son of Manasseh, which occupied the whole tract of Argob in Bashan (Num. xxxii. 41; Deut. iii. 14)....
HAZAEL – The most powerful of the kings of Damascus, and a ruler of general historical as well as of Biblical importance. While Ahab was still reigning as King of Israel the prophet Elijah was ordered by Yhwh to anoint Hazael as the...
HAZAR-ENAN – Place on the boundary of Palestine, apparently to the northeast, between Zephron and Shepham, not far from the district of Hamath, in Damascene Syria (Num. xxxiv. 9, 10; Ezek. xlvii. 17, xlviii. 1 [R. V. "Hazar-enon"]).E. G. H....
HAZAR-SHUAL – Town in the south of Judah (Josh. xv. 28; Neh. xi. 27), between Beth-palet and Beer-sheba, afterward included in the territory of Simeon (Josh. xix. 3; I Chron. iv. 28), where it is mentioned between Moladah and Bilhah. After...
HAZAR-SUSAH – City in the extreme south of Judah, allotted to Simeon (Josh. xix. 5). In the parallel passage I Chron. iv. 31, the reading is "Hazarsusim," where the Greek translators have 'Hμισυσεωσιμ, which would presuppose the Hebrew...
HAZARMAVETH – Third son of Joktan, of the family of Shem (Gen. x. 26; I Chron. i. 20). The name is preserved in the modern Hadramaut, a province of southern Arabia. Strabo (xvi. 42) mentions the Χατραμωτῖται, one of the four chief tribes of...
HAZAZON-TAMAR – Dwelling-place of the Amorites when the four kings made their invasion and fought with the five kings (Gen. xiv. 7 [A. V. "Hazezon-tamar"]). In II Chron. xx. 2 it is identified with En-gedi, where the Ammonites, Moabites, and...
HAZEROTH – A station of the Israelites in the desert (Num. xi. 35, xii. 16, xxxiii. 17; Deut. i. 1). It was at Hazeroth that Miriam, having slandered her brother Moses, was stricken with leprosy (Num. xii. 1-11). The geographical position...
HAZOR – 1. Fortified city between Ramah and Kadesh, on the high ground overlooking Lake Merom. It was the seat of Jabin, a powerful Canaanitish king, as appears from the summons sent by him to all the kings round about to assist him...
HEAD-DRESS – Covering or ornament for the head. Very little information is obtainable as to the adornment and covering for the head in use among the Israelites of antiquity. The Old Testament sources contain scarcely anything on this...
HEAVE-OFFERING – Present made to the Tabernacle or Temple for the use of the priests. (from , "to lift," that is, to set apart for a special purpose from a larger quantity, either voluntarily or under compulsion) originally connoted any tax paid...
HEBER – 1. Grandson of Asher and founder of the family of the Heberites (Gen. xlvi. 17; Num. xxvi. 45). 2. Heber the Kenite, husband of Jael, (Judges iv. 11-17, v. 24). At the time of the war between Barak and Jabin, King of Hazor,...
HEBREW – The Name and Its Use: The expression "Hebrews" is used as a name for Israelites in contrast with Egyptians, or by Egyptians for Israelites, in both the early narratives of the Pentateuch (J and E), but only in the story of...
HEBRON – 1. A city of Asher, properly "Ebron"; called also Abdon.2. Town in Palestine, about 17 miles southwest of Jerusalem; it has a population of 14,000, including 1,100 Jews—690 Sephardim and 410 Ashkenazim. In 1890 there was a...
HEGEL, GEORG WILHELM FRIEDRICH – German philosopher; born at Stuttgart 1770; died at Berlin 1831. After studying at theUniversity of Tübingen he became tutor at Bern and Frankfort-on-the-Main, and lecturer (1801) and professor (1805) of philosophy at Jena. In...
HELAM – A place east of the Jordan where the Syrians under Hadarezer were defeated by David (II Sam. x. 16, 17). The Vulgate, following Aquila, and in consideration of the different spellings of the name in the two verses, renders...
HELDAI – 1. Captain of the service of the Temple for the twelfth month in the time of David; a native of Netophah and a descendant of Othniel (I Chron. xxvii. 15). In the parallel list in I Chron. xi. 30 his name is given as "Heled." 2....
HELEZ – 1. One of David's thirty guards, and captain for the seventh month of the service of the Temple; an Ephraimite (II Sam. xxiii. 26; I Chron. xi. 27, xxvii. 10). In the first passage he is called "the Paltite," in the last two...
HELIODORUS – Treasurer or, according to II Macc. iii.7, R. V., chancellor of Seleucus IV., Philopator. At the instigation of Apollonius, Seleucus sent Heliodorus to Jerusalem to seize the treasure of the Temple. The high priest Onias...
HELKATH HAZZURIM – Name of the place where the combat between Joab's and Abner's men took place, in which all on both sides were slain (II Sam. ii. 16). It appears from the passage that the name means "the field of the sword-edges." The Septuagint...
HELMET – In olden times the helmet seems to have been worn only by kings, military officers, and other important officials. At least, it is mentioned only of Goliath and Saul that they had brazen helmets (I Sam. xvii. 5, 38). Not until...
HEMAN – 1. Son of Joel and grandson of the prophet Samuel; surnamed "the Singer"; a Kohathite (I Chron. vi. 19). He was one of the three chief Levites appointed by David to superintend the musical service in the Temple (ib. vi. 18-30,...