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The unedited full-text of the 1906 Jewish Encyclopedia
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Herman Rosenthal,

Chief of the Slavonic Department of the New York Public Library, New York City.

Contributions:
WARSAW – Capital of the Russo-Polish government of the same name, and former capital of the kingdom of Poland; situated on the left bank of the Vistula. According to Polish writers, the earliest settlement of Jews in Warsaw dates from...
WARSHAWSKI, MARK SAMOILOVICH – Russian writer; born at Kherson in 1853. He received his early education at a gymnasium in St. Petersburg, and then studied engineering at the ministerial Institute for Engineers. Later he took up the study of law at the...
WAWELBERG, HIPPOLITE HENRICHOVICH – Russian banker; born at Warsaw 1844; died at St. Petersburg Oct. 20, 1901. After graduating from the real-gymnasium of Warsaw he studied at the university of that city, and later at the Agricultural College of Nova Alexandria,...
WEISSBERG, ISAAC JACOB – Russo-Hebrew writer and pedagogue; born at Polonki, government of Minsk, 1841; died at Kiev 1904. He received his preliminary training in various ḥadarim, and then attended the yeshibah of Slonim, where he came to be regarded as...
WILNA – Earliest settlement. Ancient Lithuanian city, capital of the district of the same name; situated on the rivers Vilia and Vileika, about 200 miles southeast from Libau on the Baltic, and 436 miles southwest from St. Petersburg. A...
WISSOTZKY, KALONYMOS ZEEB WOLF – The Wissotzky Fund. Russian philanthropist; born in Zhagory, government of Kovno, July 8, 1824; died at Moscow May 24, 1904. Wissotzky, whose father was a merchant of moderate means, received the usual Jewish education. He...
WOLPER, MICHAEL – Russian educator and author; born in Wilna 1852; educated in the rabbinical school of his native city. He was graduated in 1872, since when he has been active as a teacher in Jewish elementary schools. At present (1905) he...
WUNDERBAR, REUBEN JOSEPH – Russian pedagogue and author; born at Mitau Sept. 12, 1812; died there Aug. 16, 1868. He received the usual Jewish education under a private teacher, and at the age of eighteen entered his father's business. In 1834 he married,...
YAROSLAV (JAROSLAW) – Town in Galicia, known as one of the principal seats of the Council of Four Lands. The fair of Yaroslav, at which the Council decided matters regarding the various communities, and at which also the heads of yeshibot used to...
YEKATERINOSLAF (YEKATERINOSLAV) – Russian city founded in 1787 during the reign of Catherine II.; capital of the government of the same name. It is one of the most important commercial and industrial centers of southern Russia, the census of 1897 crediting it...
YELISAVETGRAD (ELIZABETHGRAD) – Town in the government of Kherson, Russia. It was founded in 1754, and soon became one of the most important cities of southern Russia. The name of Yelisavetgrad recalls sad memories to the Russian Jews; for from that town...
YELISAVETGRAD (ELIZABETHGRAD) – Town in the government of Kherson, Russia. It was founded in 1754, and soon became one of the most important cities of southern Russia. The name of Yelisavetgrad recalls sad memories to the Russian Jews; for from that town...
ZHITOMIR (JITOMIR) – Russian city; capital of the government of Volhynia. It is one of the oldest towns in European Russia, having become part of Lithuania in 1320 and being one of its prominent towns in the middle of the fifteenth century. As late...
ZUENZ, ARYEH LOEB ḤARIF B. MOSES – Polish rabbi; born at Pinczow about 1773; died at Warsaw 1833. He was a thorough Talmudic scholar, and was also well versed in the Cabala. Holding first the rabbinate of Plock and then that of Prague, he later settled at Warsaw,...
ZWEIFEL, LAZAR (ELIEZER ẒEBI B. DAVID HA-KOHEN) – Russian apologist and critical compiler from rabbinical works; born at Moghilef April 15, 1815; died at Gluchof Feb. 18, 1888. He was a lecturer in the rabbinical seminary of Jitomir from 1853 until the institution was closed in...