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S. Mannheimer, B.L.

Instructor, Hebrew Union College, Cincinnati, Ohio.

Contributions:
HIRSCH JANOW – Polish rabbi; born about 1750; died at Fürth, Bavaria, Nov. 13, 1785. On account of his great keenness in Talmudical discussions he was commonly called "Hirsch Ḥarif" (the acute). When in 1776 his father-in-law, Raphael Kohn,...
HOCHSTÄDTER, BENJAMIN – German rabbi; born 1810 at Hürben, Bavaria; died at Frankfort-on-the-Main Dec. 8, 1888. As teacher and preacher at Heddernheim, near Frankfort (1833-38), and at Wiesbaden (1838-45), and as rabbi at Langenschwalbach and at Ems,...
HOMEM, ANTONIO – Jewish martyr; born in 1564 of Neo-Christian parents at Coimbra, Portugal; suffered death at the stake in Lisbon May 5, 1624. His father's name was Vaez Brandão; and his mother was a granddaughter of Nuñez Cardozo, called "the...
HOOGSTRATEN (HOCHSTRATEN), JACOB VAN – Belgian controversialist; born at Hoogstraeten, Belgium, about 1460; died at Cologne Jan. 21, 1527. He studied at Louvain and Cologne, and became prior of a Dominican convent, professor of theology at Cologne University, and...
HOORNBEEK, JOHN – Dutch controversialist of the seventeenth century. He was the author of "Libri VIII pro Convincendis et Convertendis Judæis," a manual for missionaries to the Jews, with copious prolegomena (Leyden-Amsterdam, 1655). Although he...
HUMANISTS – Scholars who revived the culture of antiquity and the study of classical literature. The Renaissance, which heightened enthusiasm for the classics, began in Italy in the fifteenth century. From Italy humanism advanced to France,...
HUTTEN, ULRICH VON – Poet and satirist; born in the castle of Steckelberg, near Fulda, April 2l, 1488; died on the Isle of Ufnau, Lake Zurich, Aug. 29, 1523. As a humanist and one of the strongest champions of the Reformation wielding a sharp and...
INSTITUT ZUR FÖRDERUNG DER ISRAELITISCHEN LITERATUR – Society, founded by Ludwig Philippson, for the promotion of Jewish literature. The books published by the society were issued from Leipsic. On Feb. 12, 1855, an article by Philippson appeared in the "Allg. Zeit. des Jud.,"...
ISAAC BEN JUDAH LÖB – Rabbi at Offenbach in the first half of the eighteenth century. He wrote "Be'er Yiẓḥaḳ," a commentary on the Hafṭarot, with the text (1729); "Me'irat 'Enayim," on the 613 Biblical precepts according to Maimonides (Fürth, 1730)....
ISAAC, MARC JACOB – French educationist and writer; born March 10, 1828, at Niederhomburg, near Saargemünd, Lorraine. After attending the teachers' seminary at Colmar (1844-47), he taught in several Jewish schools in Alsace, and later in Paris. He...
ISRAEL, JEDIDIAH – Rabbi at Alexandria, Egypt, from 1802 to 1827; died 1827; son of Israel Israel, who had held the rabbinate from 1773 to 1784. He was a disciple of Jonathan Galante, and presided over an academy at Alexandria which bore the name...
JACOB HA-LEVI HE-ḤASID – French rabbi and cabalist; lived in the thirteenth century, at Marvège. It was said that by prayers and invocations he was able to obtain from heaven decisions in religious matters, which were communicated to him in dreams. His...
JAROSLAW, AARON – One of the Biurists; a tutor in the house of Mendelssohn; afterward teacher at Lemberg. His commentary on the Book of Numbers appeared in the first edition of Mendelssohn's Pentateuch ("Netibot ha-Shalom," Berlin, 1783) and has...
JEDIDIAH (GOTTLIEB) BEN ABRAHAM ISRAEL – Galician preacher and Masorite; lived at Lemberg in the seventeenth century. He wrote: "Ahabat ha-Shem," fifty haggadic expositions on Deut. x. 12 (Cracow, 1641; Lublin, 1645); "Shir Yedidut," commentary on the Masorah, in four...
JEITELES (JEITTELES) – Austrian family of some importance, which can be traced back to the first half of the eighteenth century.Aaron (Andreas) Ludwig Joseph Jeitteles: Physician, poet, and writer; born at Prague Nov. 24, 1799; died at Graz June 17,...
JEREMIAH – Polish rabbi in the second half of the eighteenth century; head of the yeshibah at Mattersdorf, Hungary, in which he devoted himself especially to the legal treatises of the Babylonian Talmud. Aaron Chorin was one of his pupils....
JOHANAN BEN ISAAC OF HOLLESCHAU – Rabbi of the German community of London at the beginning of the eighteenth century. He edited "Teshubot ha-Geonim," responsa of contemporary rabbis on the pronunciation of the divine names, with additions of his own (Amsterdam,...
JONATHAN LEVI ZION – Representative of the Jewish community of Frankfort-on-the-Main in its defense against the attacks of John Pfefferkorn. When the latter had obtained from EmperorMaximilian I. an edict ordering the confiscation of all Hebrew...
JOSEPH (JOSEL) BEN MOSES FRANKFURT – Dayyan at Fürth in the first half of the eighteenth century; born at Frankfort-on-the-Main; author of "Torat Yosef," masorah on the Pentateuch, with a commentary (Wilmersdorf, 1725).Bibliography: Fürst, Bibl. Jud. ii. 114;...
JOST LIEBMANN – Court Jew and court jeweler of Elector Frederick III. of Brandenburg (King Frederick I. of Prussia), and one of the elders of the Jewish congregation of Berlin; died 1701. As court Jew Jost succeeded Israel Aaron, whose widow he...
JUDAH BEN JOSEPH PEREZ – Rabbi at Venice and Amsterdam in the first half of the eighteenth century. He wrote: "Seder Ḳeri'e Mo'ed," cabalistic readings for the holy days (Venice, 1706); "Peraḥ Lebanon," sermons on the Pentateuch, to which he added...
JUSTUS, DR – Convert to Christianity and writer against the Jews; born at Costinasti, Rumania, about 1860. Until the age of twenty he lived at Buczacz, a small village in eastern Galicia. Leaving his wife and children, he went to Berlin and...
KAHN, LEHMAN – Belgian educationist and writer; born Sept. 9, 1827, at Breisach, Baden, Germany; educated at the Progymnasium of Breisach and at the polytechnic school and the pedagogic seminary of Carlsruhe. After occupying the position of...
KAIDANOVER, AARON SAMUEL BEN ISRAEL – Polish rabbi; born at Wilna 1614; died at Cracow Dec. 1, 1676 (Michael; but Azulai and Horovitz give 1679; see bibliography). Among his teachers were Jacob Hoeschel and his son Joshua Hoeschel. During the Chmielnicki revolution...
KALISCH, ISIDOR – American rabbi and author; born Nov. 15, 1816, at Krotoschin; died May 11, 1886, at Newark, N. J.; studied theology, philosophy, and philology at the universities of Berlin, Breslau, and Prague. In consequence of giving public...