JewishEncyclopedia.com

The unedited full-text of the 1906 Jewish Encyclopedia
- Phrase search: "names of god"
- Exclude terms: "names of god" -zerah
- Volume/Page: v9 p419
- Diacritics optional: Ḥanukkah or hanukkah
- Search by Author: altruism author:Hirsch
search tips & recommendations

S. Mannheimer, B.L.

Instructor, Hebrew Union College, Cincinnati, Ohio.

Contributions:
MOMMSEN, CHRISTIAN MATTHIAS THEODOR – Jurist, archeologist, and historian; born Nov. 30, 1817, at Garding, Sleswick-Holstein; died Nov. 1, 1903, at Charlottenburg, near Berlin. His most important work is his "Römische Gesch." (vol. i., 9th ed., Berlin, 1903; vols....
MORTEIRA (MORTERA), SAUL LEVI – Dutch rabbi of Portuguese descent; born about 1596 at Venice; died at Amsterdam Feb. 10, 1660. In a Spanish poem Daniel Levi de Barrios speaks of him as being a native of Germany ("de Alemania natural"). When in 1616 Morteira...
MOSES BEN ISAAC – Austrian author; lived at Bisenz, Moravia, in the latter half of the sixteenth century. He was the author of: "Darash Mosheh" (Cracow, 1595), explanation of 256 quaint Talmudical haggadot in "'En Ya'aḳob," published by Isaac...
MOSES BEN ISSACHAR – Rabbi at Aussee, Moravia, in the second half of the seventeenth century; nephew of Mordecai Jaffe. He wrote: "Holek be-Derek Tamim" (Frankfort-on-the-Oder, 1680), an explanation of Ps. cxix., and "Pene Mosheh" (Lublin, 1681), a...
MOSES BEN MENAHEM (PRÄGER) – Cabalist of Prague; disciple of R. David Oppenheim; lived in the seventeenth and eighteenth centuries. He wrote: "Wa-Yaḳhel Mosheh," cabalistic treatises on various passages of the Zohar, with a double commentary ("Masweh...
MÜNZ (MINZ), MOSES – Hungarian rabbi; born about 1750 in Podolia; died 1831 at Alt-Ofen. For several years he lived at Brody, Galicia, where he acquired a great reputation as a Talmudical scholar. Highly recommended by Ezekiel Landau, he was called...
NAGARI, MOSES BEN JUDAH – Philosophical writer. According to Steinschneider, he lived at Rome about 1300, and his name should be read "Na'ar" ( ), he being of the Ne'arim family ("Adolescentoli"). He wrote "Ma'amar ba-Ma'areket,"an index to Maimonides'...
NAHSHON BEN ZADOK – Gaon; head of the Academy of Sura from 874 to 882, in succession to Mar Amram ben Sheshna. He wrote explanations to difficult words in the Talmud, not in alphabetical order, as did his contemporary Gaon Ẓemaḥ ben Paltoi of...
NAJARA (NAJAR, NIJAR, NAGAR, NAGARA) – Oriental Jewish family, originally from Najera, a Spanish city of Navarre, on the River Najerilla. In the history of rabbinical literature Najaras are found at Algiers, Tunis, Damascus, Gaza, etc.David Najar: Rabbinical writer...
NAJARA (NAJAR, NIJAR, NAGAR, NAGARA) – Oriental Jewish family, originally from Najera, a Spanish city of Navarre, on the River Najerilla. In the history of rabbinical literature Najaras are found at Algiers, Tunis, Damascus, Gaza, etc.David Najar: Rabbinical writer...
NAPHTALI HERZ BEN JACOB ELHANAN – German cabalist; born at Frankfort-on-the-Main in the second half of the sixteenth century. He lived in Palestine and was a disciple of Isaac Luria. He was the author of: "'Emeḳ ha-Melek," an introduction to the Cabala and a...
NAPHTALI HERZ BEN ẒEBI HIRSCH HALBERSTADT – Rabbi at Dubno, Russia, in the eighteenth century. Responsa of his in regard to the Cleve divorce case are found in Israel Lipschütz's collection "Or Israel" (1770). In the same collection are some responsa by his brother...
NAPHTALI HIRSCH BEN MENAHEM – President of the community of Lemberg in the sixteenth century. He was the author of "Perush ha-Millot," explanations of difficult words in the Midrash Rabbah (Cracow, 1569).Bibliography: Benjacob, Oẓar ha-Sefarim, p. 468, Nos....
NERO – Roman emperor; born at Antium Dec. 15, 37 C.E.; died near Rome in 68. His original name was Lucius Domitius Ahenobarbus, but on being adopted by the emperor Claudius he was called Nero Claudius Cæsar Drusus Germanicus. After his...
PECS (FÜNFKIRCHEN) – Royal free city in the county of Baranya, Hungary. The few Jewish families which had settled there toward the end of the eighteenth century, not having the means to build a synagogue, held services in a rented room. By about...
PE'OT – Side-locks worn by Jewish men, especially those of Poland and Russia. Strictly conforming themselves to the Biblical precept in Lev. xix. 27, they allowed the hair to grow on both sides of the head and to hang down in curls or...
PERINGER, GUSTAV, VON LILIENBLAD – Christian Orientalist; born 1651; died at Stockholm Jan. 5, 1710; studied under Wagenseil at Altdorf. He was professor of Oriental languages at Upsala from 1681 to 1695, and then librarian at Stockholm. About 1690 King Charles...
PISA, DA – Italian family, deriving its name from the city of Pisa. It can be traced back to the fifteenth century.Abraham ben Isaac da Pisa: Talmudist; son of Isaac ben Jehiel; lived in Bologna, where he died in 1554. He was often...
PÜCKLER-MUSKAU, WALTER, COUNT – German anti-Semitic agitator; born Oct. 9, 1860, at Rogan, near Breslau. He graduated from the University of Breslau with the degree of doctor of law, and was appointed referendar, but soon left the public service. After 1899 he...
RANSOHOFF, JOSEPH – American physician; born in Cincinnati, Ohio, May 26, 1853. After graduating from the Medical College of Ohio (M.D. 1874), he studied surgery at the universities of Würzburg, Vienna, Berlin, Paris, and London (F.R.C.S. 1877)....
REITLINGER, FREDERICK – French jurist; born at Ichenhausen, Bavaria, June 18, 1836. He attended the Saint Anna College at Augsburg. After having pursued Talmudical studies under Abraham Geiger at Breslau, he studied law at the universities of Munich...
REWBELL, JEAN FRANÇOIS – Alsatian deputy of the French National Assembly from 1789 to 1791, and its president in the latter year; born at Colmar Oct. 8, 1747; died there Nov. 23, 1807. When the question of the emancipation of the Jews was discussed...
RHEINHOLD, HUGO – German sculptor; born March 26, 1853, at Oberlahnstein, Prussia; died at Berlin Oct. 2, 1900. At the age of sixteen, after having passed through the gymnasium at Coblenz, he entered upon a mercantile career. A residence of four...
RINDFLEISCH – German nobleman of Röttingen, Franconia; persecutor of the Jews in the thirteenth century. During the civil war waged between Adolph of Nassau and Albrecht of Austria, claimants for the imperial crown of Germany, bloody...
ROSENFELD, SAMSON WOLF – German rabbi; born at Markt Uhlfeld, Bavaria, Jan. 4, 1780; died at Bamberg May 12, 1862. At the age of thirteen he entered the yeshibah at Fürth, and for six years he studied rabbinics there. In 1808 he was elected rabbi of...