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S. Mannheimer, B.L.

Instructor, Hebrew Union College, Cincinnati, Ohio.

Contributions:
RÜHS, CHRISTIAN FRIEDRICH – German historian and anti-Jewish writer; born at Greifswald March 1, 1781; died at Florence Feb. 1, 1820. As professor of history at the universities of Greifswald, Göttingen (1801-9), and Berlin (1810-1820), and as...
SAMSON BEN ABRAHAM OF SENS – French tosafist; born about 1150; died at Acre about 1230. His birthplace was probably Falaise, Calvados, where lived his grandfather, the tosafist Samson ben Joseph, called "the Elder." Samson ben Abraham was designated also...
SAMSON BEN SAMSON – French tosafist; flourished at the end of the twelfth and in the first half of the thirteenth century. Many of his explanations are found in the tosafot to the Talmud. He is mentioned also as a Biblical commentator. Samson was a...
SAMUEL (SANWEL) BEN ENOCH – Polish rabbi; flourished in the seventeenth century; born at Lublin. He officiated as dayyan at Jassy and later at Mayence. He was the author of "Dibre Shemu'el," derashot on the Pentateuch; but only that part of it on Genesis,...
SAMUEL BEN ISAAC HA-SARDI – Spanish rabbi; flourished in the first half of the thirteenth century. In his youth he attended the school of Rabbi Nathan ben Meïr of Trinquetaille, Provence, and later he returned to Spain, his native country. Conforte ("Ḳore...
SAMUEL BEN JEHIEL – Martyr of Cologne in the First Crusade, June 25, 1096. When the Crusaders hunted the Jews of Cologne out of the villages where, under the protection of Archbishop Hermann, they had sought refuge, Samuel, standing in one of the...
SAMUEL BEN JOSEPH OF VERDUN – French tosafist of the twelfth and thirteenth centuries. He was a disciple of Isaac ben Samuel the Elder of Dampierre, with whom he corresponded, and is mentioned in the Tosafot, in "Or Zarua'," and in "Haggạhot Maimuniyyot" as...
SAMUEL BEN SIMEON – French scholar; lived in Provence in the fourteenth century. His Hebrew surname was "Kenesi," incorrectly derived from "keneset" (= "school"), the Hebrew translation of "d'Escola," a name frequently found in southern France. He...
SANHEDRIN, FRENCH – Jewish high court convened by Napoleon I. to give legal sanction to the principles expressed by the Assembly of Notables in answer to the twelve questions submitted to it by the government (see Jew. Encyc. v. 468, s.v. France)....
SAUL BEN JOSEPH OF MONTEUX – French liturgical poet; lived at Carpentras in the second half of the seventeenth century. The ritual of Avignon contains a piyyuṭ which he composed upon the deliverance of the Jews of Carpentras from the riot that broke out on...
SCHEID, ELIE – French communal worker and writer; born at Hagenau, Alsace, Oct. 24, 1841. After he had graduated from college, the impairment of his voice compelled him to give up his plan of preparing himself for a rabbinical career, and he...
SCHMID, ANTON VON – Christian publisher of Hebrew books; born at Zwettl, Lower Austria, Jan. 23, 1765; died at Vienna June 27, 1855. His father, an employee of the convent, destined him for the clerical career, and with this view Anton received a...
SCHÖNERER, GEORG VON – Austrian politician and anti-Semitic agitator; born at Vienna July 17, 1842. He devoted himself to agriculture, and in 1873 entered the Austrian Diet, where he represented the German-National party and gave his support to the...
SHABBETHAI BE'ER (FONTE) – Italian rabbi of the seventeenth century; author of "Be'er 'Eseḳ" (Venice, 1674), a collection of 112 responsa.Bibliography: Conforte, Ḳore ha-Dorot, p. 42b; Steinschneider, Cat. Bodl. col. 2231.D. S. Man.
SHABBETHAI BEN MOSES – Halakist and liturgical poet; flourished at Rome in the first half of the eleventh century. Of his halakic decisions only a few fragments are extant. After Solomon ha-Babli he was the first Hebrew poet of Rome; his poems for...
SHABBETHAI BEN MOSES HA-KOHEN – Rabbi of Semeez (Semetch), near Tikoczin, Russia, in the first half of the eighteenth century. He edited "Minḥat Kohen" (Fürth, 1741), a collection of novellæ to the Talmud by Abraham Broda, Ẓebi Ashkenazi, and Jacob Kohen...
SHALOM OF VIENNA – Austrian rabbi; lived at Wiener-Neustadt in the second half of the fourteenth century. He was distinguished for Talmudic learning, and was the first to receive the title "Morenu." Like his colleagues Meïr ha-Levi and Abraham...
SHULLAM, SAMUEL – Jewish physician and historian; flourished in the second half of the sixteenth century. He was of Spanish descent, and after an adventurous life went to Constantinople, where he was supported by Kiera (Esther), who stood high in...
SOLOMON BEN JUDAH OF DREUX – French tosafist and Bible commentator of the twelfth and thirteenth centuries. He was a disciple of Isaac ben Samuel the Elder of Dampierre, and presided over the school of Dreux during the first quarter of the thirteenth...
SOLOMON NASI BEN ISAAC NASI CAYL – Liturgical poet; lived at Marseilles about 1285. Cayl is a family name, derived from Caylus, a town in the department of Tarn-et-Garonne. Solomon composed the piyyuḥ , found in the Avignon Maḥzor. The name of this poet must not...
SOLOMON BEN SAMSON – Scholar of Worms in the eleventh century; teacher and relative of Rashi, who refers to him as an authority beside his other teacher, Isaac ha-Levi (responsa of the French rabbis, Nos. 11, 24). Most probably he is identical with...
STÖCKER, ADOLF – German Protestant theologian, politician, and anti-Semitic agitator; born at Halberstadt Dec. 11, 1835. He studied at the universities of Halle and Berlin, and in 1863, after having acted for some years as tutor, was appointed...
SÜSSKIND (SUEZKINT) OF TRIMBERG – German minnesinger; flourished in the second half of the thirteenth century, or, according to Graetz, about 1200. He is called after his birthplace Trimberg, a town with a castle of the same name, in Franconia, near Würzburg....
TISZA-ESZLAR AFFAIR – Origin of the Accusation. Accusation of ritual murder brought against the Jews of Tisza-Eszlar, a Hungarian town situated on the Theiss. On April 1, 1882, Esther Solymosi, a Christian peasant girl fourteen years old, servant in...
TODROS BEN KALONYMUS – French scholar and liturgical poet; lived at Narbonne in the first half of the twelfth century; son of Kalonymus the Great, who flourished at Narbonne in the eleventh century, and reached the age of eighty years, being renowned...