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ŒNOMAUS OF GADARA – ...found him and the members of his household sitting in mourning, whereas they attended to their occupations at the death of his father. To the exclamation of Meïr, "You loved your mother better!" he answered, with...
KOL BO – ...After the regular code, terminating with the laws of mourning (No. 115), there comes a miscellaneous collection, containing the "taḳḳanot" of R. Gershom and of Jacob Tam, the "Ma'aseh Torah" of Judah ha-Nasi I...
LUZ – ...Aramäische Pflanzennamen," 1881, p. 320). Possibly the legend owes its origin to the Egyptian rite of burying "the spinal column of Osiris" in the holy city of Busiris, at the close of the days of mourning for Osiris...
SHAVING – ...mourning was required to shave the hair of her head (Deut. xxi. 12), but in this case cutting of the hair is probably referred to.Shaving the hair on certain parts of the body, which appears to have been the...
SIMEON B. ABBA – ...but not both, and dost not know which to choose, be taught by the words of Solomon, who said, 'It is better to go to the house of mourning than to go to the house of feasting'" (Eccl. vii. 2; Tan., Wayishlaḥ, 23...
TEMURAH – ...concerning the numerous halakic utterances which were forgotten in the days of mourning for the death of Moses (16a).W. B.
ZECHARIAH – ...proves himself to be an uncompromising critic of the ritual substitutes for true piety, such as fasting and mourning (vii. 5); and he reiterates the admonitions for mercy and righteousness, which according to the...
BENDEMANN, EDUARD JULIUS FRIEDRICH – ...his return in 1831, Bendemann began the work "Jews Mourning in the Babylonian Exile," now exhibited (1901) in the Städtisches Museum, Cologne. This work was considered the masterpiece of the 1832 exhibition of ...Mourning Jews," and commissioned Bendemann to paint a picture on the subject "Jeremiah at the Fall of Jerusalem." (See Frontispiece.) This work, now (1901) in the royal palace at Hanover, was first exhibited at the...
FUNERAL RITES – ...articles/11191-mourning">Mourning.Bibliography: Hamburger, R. B. T. s.v. Beerdigung;
  • ḲADDISH – ...The Ḳaddish for the dead was originally recited at the close of the seven days' mourning, with the religious discourses and benedictions associated with it, but, according to Masseket Soferim xix. 12, only at the ...death of a scholar; afterward, in order not to put others to shame, it was recited after every burial (Naḥmanides, "Torat ha-Adam," p. 50; mourning">see Mourning).In the course ...the various classes of mourners as regards the right of saying Ḳaddish, there is a difference of opinion. The Ashkenazic custom gives the following order: (1) Jahrzeit; (2) the first seven days of mourning; (3...
    MARRIAGE LAWS – ...thirty days of mourning after the death of a near relative no marriage may be entered upon. A widower may not remarry until three festivals have passed after the death of his wife. If, however, she left him with ...Ishut, x. 14; Eben ha-'Ezer, 64, 5; Oraḥ Ḥayyim, 339, 4, 524, 1, Isserles' gloss). The first nine days of the month of Ab were regarded as days of mourning and no marriage might then be performed. Some ...Passover and Shabu'ot ("Sefirat ha-'Omer") was also regarded as one of mourning; and no marriage might be performed during this time, except on a few specified days. In some places it was customary to refrain from...
    HOLY DAYS – ...one joy should not be confused with another joy. It is permitted, however, to celebrate a betrothal or to remarry a divorced wife (M. Ḳ. 8a). In the case of a funeral there should be no excessive mourning (see Mourning). Shaving or hair-cutting is forbidden, as every one should prepare himself before the holy day begins. Only such as could not possibly do so before the holy day...
    DIMI – ...with excommunication (ib. 151a). When his son had the misfortune to lose a child within thirty days from its birth, and—contrary to the rabbinic rule, which does not impose mourning for an infant under ...thirty days of age—he had assumed ritualistic mourning, Dimi remonstrated with him, observing, "It is only because thou desirest to be regaled with delicacies that thou indulgest in ritualistic mourning for so young...
    BARUCH, BOOK OF – ...a picture of the suffering of Israel, and an exhortation to Jerusalem to take heart and await hopefully the salvation of God, Jerusalem being here represented as a desolate widow mourning over the distress of ...general period as the first. It is divided into a number of strophes, each beginning with the words "Be of good cheer." The people, scattered and afflicted, are exhorted to trust in God; and Jerusalem, mourning over...
    BLASPHEMY – ...judges stood up and rent their garments, that being the common sign of mourning. And the rents were not sewed up again, indicating the profound degree of the mourning. After the first witness had thus testified, the...
    NAIL – ...mourning one is forbidden to pare the nails with any instrument; they must be either bitten off or left to grow. A woman, however, under certain circumstances may cut her nails after the first seven days of her ...mourning (M. Ḳ. 17b; Shulḥan 'Aruk, Yoreh De'ah, 390, 7). The ancient Persian belief that misfortune will follow the cutting of the nails in the order of the fingers (comp. Schorr in "He-Ḥaluẓ," vii. 42; Geiger, "Jüd...
    MEGILLAT TA'ANIT – ...A chronicle which enumerates thirty-five eventful days on which the Jewish nation either performed glorious deeds or witnessed joyful events. These days were celebrated as feast-days. Public mourning was ...memorial days and at the same time determined that the less important should be celebrated by a mere suspension of fasting, while public mourning was to be forbidden on the more important ones.
    ADDA B. AHABAH (AḤWAH) – ...garments twice in token of his mourning for the great scholar (Yer. B. Ḳ. ii. 3a; Ber. 42b et seq.). In Pumbedita R. Adda gathered about him a great many pupils, whom he taught sometimes in the public...
    ABIN R – ...native land and settled in Babylonia (Ḥul. 101b; compare Graetz, "History of the Jews," ii. 567). In his old age, however, he returned to Palestine, where he died, and where R. Mana ordered general mourning for his...
    ABNER – ...amid royal mourning, in Hebron (II Sam. iii. 33-38). According to a Jewish tradition, Abner was the son of the Witch of En-dor. I. M...
    BADḤAN – ...gatherings on the Mishnaic report that with the siege of Jerusalem bridal processions were shorn of their festive nature, and that with the fall of the Holy City they assumed even the hue of mourning (Soṭah ix. 13...
    ALMANZI, JOSEPH – ...Yad Yosef" (The Hand of Joseph), Cracow and Triest, 1889.Almanzi was the author of: (1) "Me'il ḳinah" (The Robe of Mourning—a play on Isa. iix. 17), an elegy on Israel Conian (Reggio, 1824); (2) a...
    CALIGULA (CAIUS CÆSAR AUGUSTUS GERMANICUS) – ...command or to secure the revocation of the latter. When the news of Caligula's intention spread through Palestine, it occasioned general mourning. A large delegation appeared before Petronius at Ptolemais, his...
    BURIAL – ...Sem. iii. 2; M. Ḳ. 24b). The women went, as a rule, in front of the bier, the reason given (Yer. Sanh. ii. 20b; Gen. R. xvii.) being that "woman brought death upon the world"; in reality because the mourning ...articles/11191-mourning">Mourning, Ṭoharah.Bibliography: Hastings, Dict. Bible, s.v. Burial;
  • CONFLICT OF OPINION – ...expressed in the latter Mshnah is to be followed (Yeb. 42b). In laws concerning mourning, the more lenient opinion is usually observed (M. Ḳ. 18a). With a few exceptions, an opinion expressed by the school of Hillel...
    CUP – ...one time fourteen—cups were ordained for the house of mourning (Ket. 8b; compare Sanh. 70a). The "cup of benediction"—i.e., the third of the four cups of the Passover meal—is often referred to (Ber. 51a; B...
    DARKNESS – ...17; Isa. ix. 2), of sin and evil (Isa. v. 20; Prov. ii. 13), of mourning (Isa. xlvii. 5), of doubt and vexation (Job v. 14, xii. 25), and of confusion (Ps. xxxv. 5). As wisdom is light, so ignorance is darkness...
    CLERMONT-FERRAND – ...also showed good-will to the Jews. When he died (551) the Jews of Clermont took part in the general mourning, weeping for the man who had treated them so kindly, and carryingthe wax tapers at his funeral (Gregory...
    COAT – ...neck (Job xxx. 18). At night (Cant. v. 3) this undergarment was taken off. Later, as outer garments came into use, one clothed only with the kuttonet was considered to be "naked." As a sign of mourning, originally...
    COFFIN – ...for the purpose of transporting a corpse to a distant place of burial; and whenever the cortège passed, the mourning regulations were observed by the multitude (M. Ḳ. 25a). Bar Ḳarya and R. Lazar (=Eleazar b...