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NASI – ...maintained that these rules were adopted under the presidency of Simon ben Gamaliel II. in 138).In regard to signs of mourning, the same gradation is prescribed: When a nasi dies the people lay bare both...
MICAH, BOOK OF – ...mourning. Ch. ii.: Denunciation of oppression; prediction of the punishment of the people therefor; the restoration of Israel foretold. Ch. iii.: The prophet reproves first the princes for their cruelty, then the...
MEGILLOT, THE FIVE – ...Lamentations had become general (Soferim xiv. 3). The book was also read responsively (Maḥzor Vitry, p. 226); and in many synagogues, because the Ninth of Ab is a day of mourning, only one light was lit by which it might...
SOṬAH – ...which seized the people after the destruction of the Temple, so that many refused to eat meat or to drink wine, until R. Joshua taught them to observe restraint even in their mourning for the loss of their...
ZECHARIAH, BOOK OF – ...next two chapters (vii.-viii.) are devoted to censuring fasting and mourning (vii.) when obedience to God's moral law is essential, and to describing the Messianic future.Ch. ix.-xiv. contain:
ZEMIROT – ...table was a regular feature in ancient Jewish life, and the Mishnah expressly states (Soṭah ix. 11) that it was discontinued only as a mark of mourning for the abolition of the Sanhedrin. Even then the later Rabbis...
AARON – ...as peacemaker, reconciling man and wife when he saw them estranged, or a man with his neighbor when they quarreled, and winning evil-doers back into the right way by his friendly intercourse. The mourning of the ...stations backward to Mosera, where they performed the rites of mourning for Aaron; wherefore it is said: "There [at Mosera] died Aaron." See Mek., Beshallaḥ, Wayassa', i.; Tan., Huḳḳat, 18; Yer. Soṭah, i. 17c
ANATHEMA – ...attend the public lectures of the rabbis. A person over whom niddui was pronounced was required to don the habiliments of mourning. He was, moreover, forbidden to bathe, to cut his hair, and to wear footgear (the ...mourning were forbidden.Whether Anathema operated as beneficently upon the excommunicated as was originally contemplated may well be questioned. With the growth of rabbinism its discipline became more concrete...
COCHIN – ...polygamy are almost unknown among them.The funeral and mourning ceremonies are observed in accordance with the prescriptions of the Shullḥan 'Aruk. Soon after a death the shirt of the chief mourner is torn from ...his body; and on returning from the cemetery, the funeral party, except the mourners, wash themselves and their clothes. During the seven days of mourning, the bereaved wear a piece of white cloth over the head...
DEATH, ANGEL OF – ...face of the dead (Jellinek, l.c. ii. 94). While Abraham was mourning for Sarah the angel appeared to him, which explains why "Abraham stood up from before his dead" (Gen. xxiii. 3; Gen. R. lviii. 5 ...Customs of the Jews Connected with Death, Burial, and Mourning, in Jew. Quart. Rev. vi. 317, 664 et seq.K.
ḲINAH – ...it occurs once, in Ezek. ii.10, as "ḳinim." Among the Hebrews, as in many Semitic lands at the present day, the ḳinah was sung by professional mourning-women (Jer. ix. 17). In prophetic literature such elegies ...Boston, 1893).Even in the Talmudic period a ḳinah was sung at a burial by at least one mourning-woman, who was accompanied by two flute-players (Yer. M. Ḳ. i. 5; Ket. 46a; comp. Shab. 153a). Fragments of...
TOMBSTONES – ...is found the following inscription: "Take up weeping, wailing, and lamenting, howl in mourning and ...and Customs of the Jews Connected with Death, Burial, and Mourning, in J. Q. R. 1894, 1895; S. Rapoport, Gal 'Ed, Introduction; Horowitz...
TRIBES, LOST TEN – ...dead on the hills, give kisses on the cheek as a sign of peace, tear their clothes as a sign of mourning, and dance as a sign of triumph. Garcia claimed to have found many Hebrew terms in the American language.

WINE – ...of his son, proposed, "Wine and long life to the Rabbis and their disciples!" (Shab. 67b).In Mourning. Following the Scriptural precept, "Give strong drink ...claim upon the world to come (Sanh. 70a). After the destruction of the Temple many Pharisees, as a sign of mourning, vowed to abstain from eating meat and drinking wine, but were dissuaded from issuing a decree...
CAPTIVITY – ...more strength to mourn; call the mourning women that they bewail him." Similarly, God, when the Ten Tribes went into exile, bewailed them (Amos v. 1); but when also Judah and Benjamin were exiled, He said (Jer. ix ...16), "Call the mourning women" (Pesiḳ. xv. 120a, b).In three passages of Scripture God complains of Nebuchadnezzar the Wicked: in Jeremiah, Kings, and Chronicles. Just as one complains to his neighbor ...will also come the lion ("God," Amos iii. 8) in the constellation of the lion, in the same month in which Jerusalem was destroyed (compare Jer. xxxi. 12: "I shall change her mourning into joy"), and He will...
MARRIAGE CEREMONIES – ...groom ineastern Europe wears the sargenes. With this sign of mourning for Zion even at the height of human felicity, belonged in Talmudic times another—the breaking of a glass, the pieces of which were gathered up ...girl companions, who sing a Tatar song. She is clad in mourning to indicate her sorrow at leaving her parents' house. The visitors everywhere receive presents and refreshments. As they approach the house of the ...parents are mourning at home for their child and those of the groom are preparing for the ceremony. The bride is led a few times around the groom, the bridesmaids and the others carrying lights. The ritual is that of...
ABBAHU – ...iii. 30b). Abbahu left behind him a number of disciples, the most prominent among whom were the leaders of the fourth amoraic generation, R. Jonah and R. Jose. At Abbahu's death the mourning was so great...
BANQUETS – ...seq.; Schwally, "Das Leben nach dem Tode," 1892, p. 23), which were changed into gifts to the mourners (Maimonides, "Yad," Abel, xiii.; Yoreh De'ah, 378). See Mourning.
BEARD – ...Baḥya and Abravanel on Lev. xix. 27). In Palestine, where a large Hellenic population resided, the clipping of the Beard (except in periods of mourning) seems to have been prevalent as early as the third century in...
ARNHEM – ...in times of sickness and mourning; (4) a charity association, and an association for lending money without interest to small traders, and several others. The Home for the Aged was removed to a new and better...
ASSI – ...Hiya b. Abba, who had been his associate as judge and as teacher, went into mourning as for a relative (Yer. Ber. iii. 6a). The day of his death is recorded as coincident with a destructive hurricane (M. Ḳ...
COSTUME – ...to walk about without sandals was a sign of great poverty (Deut. xxv. 19) or of deep mourning (II Sam. xv. 30; Ezek. xxiv. 17, 23).Head-Covering. Neither the ...and other festivals, and for this reason was adopted for the festival of New-Year (Yer. R. H. i. 3); for special apparel as a sign of mourning mourning">see Mourning, and for the use...
CROWN – ...rabbis the custom of placing a wreath or crown on the head of the bridegroom was regarded as a token of mourning for Jerusalem, the olive-branches being bitter" ("'Aṭeret Zeḳenim to "Or ha-Ḥayyim," 560; Ṭur Eben...
ḤALIẒAH – ...symbolized the entrance into a state of mourning. From the time when the yabam actually refused to marry his brother's widow and thus perpetuate his name in Israel, his brother was considered dead, and the yebamah, by...
PIRḲE DE-RABBI ELI'EZER – ...consideration to be shown to those in mourning. The literary quarrel between the Shammaites and the Hillelites as to whether heaven or earth was created first. The ten things which were created on Friday evening....
SARAGOSSA – ...assemble in the house for prayer during the days of mourning. Each needy member who fell ill received two dineros daily from the treasury of the fraternity ("Coleccion de Documentos Inéditos de la Corona de Aragon...
SMYRNA – ...time of mourning; the 'Ozer Dallim (originally called Gabba'e Ẓedaḳah), founded by Behor Danon in 1879 as the first institution of its kind in Turkey, and reestablished in 1883 and 1894, its purpose being the...
TEMPLE IN RABBINICAL LITERATURE – ...mourning for the destruction of the Temple, one should not whitewash or paint his house entirely, but should leave a space about one cubit square above the door (B. B. 60b). See...
VESPASIAN – ...mentioned in rabbinical literature, the war, with which certain mourning customs were associated, being called "polemos shel Aspasyanos" (Soṭah ix. 14), and "Vespasian and his comrades" (i.e., his sons) being...
ZADOK – ...in which he saw God and the angels mourning over the destruction of Zion. The Pirḳe de-Rabbi Eli'ezer ascribes to Zadok haggadic sayings concerning the descendants of the giants (ch. xxii.), the sacrifices of...