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CARO, JOSEPH B. EPHRAIM – ...death, therefore, caused general mourning; and several funeral orations delivered on that occasion have been preserved (Moses Albelda, "Darash Mosheh"; Samuel Katzenellenbogen, "Derashot"), as well as some elegies...
COSSACKS' UPRISING – ...now made a day of mourning for the victims of the Cossack rebellion as well. The prominent rabbis of the time composed many elegies and prayers, which were recited in the synagogues on every anniversary of the...
JACOB – ...who led their father to think that he had been devoured by a wild beast. While Jacob was still mourning for Joseph, Isaac died, and at his funeral Jacob again met his brother Esau (ib. xxxv. 29). Later...
ESTHER – ...to Haman or, rather, to the image of an idol ostentatiously displayed on his breast (Pirḳe R. El. lxix.), brought calamity upon the Jews—appeared in his mourning garments, and Esther, frightened, gave birth to a...
MOROCCO – ...Jerusalem was celebrated as a day of feasting. Prayer-houses were changed into drinking-saloons; all mourning was turned into joy. The warning written by Jacob Sasportas, who had been rabbi in Sale for some time...
MIDRASH HAGGADAH – ...based, or the Pentateuchal and prophetic sections as assigned in accordance with the Pesiḳta cycle to the various feast-days and special Sabbaths (e.g., the Sabbaths of mourning and of comforting from the...
JEREMIAH – ...unfortunates (Pesiḳ., ed. Buber, and Lam. R. l.c.).Vision of the Mourning Woman. It was on this journey that Jeremiah had the curious vision which he relates...
FLOOD, THE – ...after his death seven more days were allowed as days of mourning ("shib'ah"). During these seven days God changed the natural order of things, converting day into night and vice versa, to remind the wicked of their...
JOSEPH – ...pains with his personal appearance (Gen. R. lxxxiv. 7), and that he continued to do so as ruler over Potiphar's house, forgetting his father, who was mourning over his disappearance. God punished him, therefore, by...
PHARISEES – ...verse 14 and Judges xiii. 4), were extended to the whole people (Lev. xi.; Deut. xiv. 3-21); or when the prohibition of cutting the flesh in mourning for the dead was extended to all the people as "a holy nation...
PHYLACTERIES – ...20a). Women who wish to lay tefillin are precluded from doing so (Oraḥ Ḥayyim, 38, 3, Isserles' gloss); in ancient times this was not the case ('Er. 96a, b). A mourner during the first day of his mourning period...
PORTUGAL – ...Coimbra (1473), and Evora (1481) restrictions were demanded. "When D. Affonso died," says Isaac Abravanel, "all Israel was filled with grief and mourning; the people fasted and wept."PRAYER – ...are released from Gehinnom on Sabbath and return thereto in the evening ("Ha-Manhig," 33b). Since, therefore, these verses refer to mourning they are omitted when taḥnun is omitted on week-days.After...
PRIEST – ...dead bodies, except in the case of their nearest kin, nor were they permitted to perform the customary mourning rites (Lev. x. 6, xxi. 1-5; Ezek. xliv. 20, 25). They were not allowed to marry harlots, nor...
METALS – ...are said to have been taken to Rome; but those taken could have been only from Herod's Temple. Benjamin of Tudela, who saw them in Rome, states that on the day of mourning for Jerusalem they wept and exuded sweat...
SUPERSTITION – ...the first money he makes at market gives away his luck").Mourning. Weep not too much for the dead, or you may have some one else to weep for: weep three days, mourn seven, and put aside ornaments thirty...
SYNAGOGUE – ...study, except those pertaining to public charity or to religious matters. Nor should funeral speeches be delivered therein, except at a public mourning for one of the great men of the time. A synagogue or house of...
ARMY – ...would not show signs of mourning, as his patriotic feeling was stronger than his love for his coreligionists (M. Ḳ. 26a).Arabia. Of the warlike spirit...
HUNGARY – ...with his army at Ofen, the representatives of the Jews who had remained in the city appeared garbed in mourning before him, and, begging for grace, handed him the keys of the deserted and unprotected castle in...
COMMANDMENTS, THE 613 – ...33.149. The priest may not eat of the first-fruits before they are brought into the court. Deut. xii. 17.150-1. To eat the second tithe in mourning or in impurity, even in Jerusalem, until it...
DEUTERONOMY – ...person not to be disfigured in mourning, xiv. 1-2; law of clean and unclean animals, xiv. 3-20; flesh of animals dying a natural death not to be eaten, xiv. 21).4. Laws tending to ameliorate the condition of the...
MUSIC, SYNAGOGAL – ...slightly the synagogal cantillation, since the desire of many authorities that song should be abstained from in lasting mourning for fallen Zion, was never generally heeded when it became a question of song in worship...
TAḲḲANAH – ...watches of the priests, four by Eleazar and four by Ithamar, which Samuel and David increased to twenty-four (Ta'an. 27a); (5) the seven days of wedding festivities for a virgin, and seven days of mourning for the...
MOSES BEN MAIMON – ...In Fostat both Jews and Mohammedans observed public mourning for three days. In Jerusalem a general fast was appointed; a portion of the "Tokaḥah" was read, and the history of the capture of the Ark of the...
SHE'ELOT U-TESHUBOT – ...seven days of mourning after the death of a kinsman.Third Rabbinic Epoch. The fifth period, or the third rabbinic epoch, extends from the fifteenth to the...
EGYPT – ...custom of embalming the dead by a long process (mummification), and the long mourning are alluded to in Gen. xli. 14; Joshua v. 9 (?); Gen. xliii. 32, xlvi. 36, 1, 2-3, respectively. Otherwise the customs did not...
SABBATH – The seventh day of the week; the day of rest.—Biblical Data: On the completion of His creative work God blessed and hallowed the seventh day as the Sabbath (Gen. ii. 1-3). The Decalogue in Exodus (xx. 8) reverts to this fact as
ROME – Early Settlement in Rome. Capital in ancient times of the Roman republic and empire; in modern times, of the papal dominions and of the kingdom of Italy. Jews have lived in Rome for over 2,000 years, longer than in any other