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The unedited full-text of the 1906 Jewish Encyclopedia
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BARON DE HIRSCH FUND – ...baron-de">See Hirsch Fund, Baron de....
BARON, HENRY – ...illustrations to the works of J. J. Rousseau, the "Tales of Boccaccio," the "Adventures of Télémaque," and the "Fairy-Tales of Perrault."Baron received second-class medals in 1847-48 and in 1855; a decoration in...
BARON, JONAS – ...Gyöngyös. In 1870 Báron acted as medical assistant to the various hospitals of Budapest; from 1871 to 1873 to the Jewish hospital there, of which institution he has since 1874 been senior surgeon. He is the author of...
BENAS, BARON L. – English communal worker; born in Liverpool, England, 1844. Has been throughout his life a leading figure in the Liverpool Old Hebrew congregation, of which he is one of the trustees.During the Russian emigration of 1882 he
FRANCHETTI, LEOPOLDO, BARON – Italian deputy; born at Florence in 1847; studied law at Pisa. In company with Deputy Sidney Sonnino he undertook a journey to Sicily for the purpose of studying the social, political, and economic conditionsof that island;
EÖTVÖS, BARON JOSEPH – ...Village Notary" (London, 1850). After the Hungarian revolution and the subsequent agreement with Austria, Baron Eötvös was appointed minister of public worship and education (Feb., 1867); in the following December he...
GÜNZBURG, DAVID, BARON – ...received the degree of "candidate" at St. Petersburg University, after having attended the lectures of Stanislas Guyard at Paris and Baron Rosen at St. Petersburg; later he studied Arabic poetry under Ahlwardt at ...contributed largely to the "Revue des Etudes Juives," to the "Revue Critique," to "Voskhod," to "Ha-Yom," and to the collections of articles in honor of Zunz, Steinschneider, Baron Rosen, etc.Günzburg's library is...
GÜNZBURG, HORACE, BARON – ...to engage in agriculture and trades. Since 1893 he has been chairman of the central committee of the Jewish Agricultural Society. One of the colonies in Argentine is named in honor of Baron Günzburg. In 1890 he ...Agricultural School in Novo-Poltavka.The Jewish community of St. Petersburg is also under obligation to Baron Günzburg for its synagogue, of which he is president. He is also the head of the new school erected in ...honor of the wedding of Czar Nicholas II. This institution is non-sectarian.Baron Günzburg is also closely identified with other institutions of a non-sectarian character. He has been an honorary member of...
SONNINO, SIDNEY, BARON – Italian politician; born at Alexandria, Egypt, in 1849. His father was a Jewish emigrant from Leghorn, and his mother an English Protestant. He grew up in Florence among a circle of kindred spirits including such men as the
WORMS, BARON HENRY DE – ...See Pirbright, Henry de Worms, Baron....
BLEICHRÖDER, GERSON, BARON VON – German banker; born Dec. 22, 1822; died Feb. 19, 1893, in Berlin. At the age of sixteen he entered the banking firm founded by his father, and on the death of the latter, in 1855, assumed its management. It was due to his large
HIRSCH FUND, BARON DE – ...W. B. Hackenburg, of Philadelphia. The large immigration to the United States in 1890-1891, caused by the enforcement in Russia of the May Laws of 1881, induced Baron Maurice de Hirsch, who had learned of the ...Baron de Hirsch Fund at first used the amount at their disposal in relieving the immediate material necessities of the refugees; and, in order to make the immigrants self-supporting, numbers were given instruction ...Broadway and Jefferson street, were turned over to that institution together with an annual appropriation from the Baron de Hirsch Fund sufficient to carry on the work. There are now from 500 to 600 children under...
SAMUEL, BARON DENIS DE – ...Brazilian court, as is evidenced by his decoration with the Order of the Rose. He received the title of baron at a later period from the Portuguese government, in recognition of eminent services rendered by him.
KOLISCH, BARON IGNAZ VON – Hungarian merchant, journalist, and chess-master; born at Presburg April 6, 1837; died at Vienna April 30, 1889. Both in business and as a chess-player he was eminently successful. He founded the Wiener Börse-Syndikatskasse in
KRAUS, ALFRED, BARON VON – Austrian general; born 1822 at Pardubitz, Bohemia; the son of a Jewish tenant-farmer. He received his early education, which was strictly Orthodox, from his cousin Joseph Kisch, father of Heinrich and Alexander Kisch. At the age
KRONENBERG, LEOPOLD JULIAN, BARON – ...distinguished services in connection with great commercial undertakings, he was made a hereditary baron of the Russian empire in 1893.Valuable musical compositions by Kronenberg have been published under the...
STERN, HERMANN, BARON DE – ...Brothers, which soon won recognition as one of the most successful and reputable banking-houses in the city; and from time to time several important loans were floated by the firm. Baron de Stern was principally ...were conferred upon both brothers by the government of Portugal, David being created a viscount, and Hermann a baron.Baron de Stern was a member of the Anglo-Jewish Association and of the Jews' Free School...
AGUILAR, EPHRAIM LOPEZ PEREIRA, BARON D' – ...Second Baron d'Aguilar; born in Vienna in 1739; died at London, 1802. In 1757 he was naturalized in England, where he had settled with his father. He married in 1758 the daughter of Moses Mendes da Costa ...hidden in various parts of his dwelling, a fortune valued at £200,000 to his two daughters who survived him. Baron d'Aguilar on Starvation ...he been lying under the ban. When he took up his eccentric life the couple separated. After twenty years a partial reconciliation took place between the baron and his wife, but only for a short time. He was...
DALBERG, KARL THEODOR, BARON VON – Archbishop of Mayence and subsequently Grand Duke of Frankfort-on-the-Main; born Feb. 8, 1744; died Feb. 10, 1817. He was one of the noblest German princes and statesmen, and took a friendly and liberal attitude toward the Jews.
SCHEY, PHILIPP, BARON VON KOROMLA – Hungarian merchant and philanthropist; born at Güns (Köszeg) Sept. 20, 1798; died at Baden, near Vienna, June 28, 1881. He was the first Jew in Hungary to be made an Austrian noble. In his patent of nobility, granted May 13,
ROSENROTH, BARON VON (CHRISTIAN KNORR) – Christian Hebraist; born at Alt-Randen, in Silesia, July 15, 1631. After having completed his studies in the universities of Wittenberg and Leipsic, he traveled through Holland, France, and England. On his return he settled at
NATHAN, BARNETT – English dramatic and musical entrepreneur; born in 1793; died in London Dec. 6, 1856. Nathan was also a teacher of dancing from 1844 till his death. He acted for many years as master of the ceremonies and managing director at
WORMS, BARON SOLOMON BENEDICT DE – ...United Synagogue, and acted as a trustee of several metropolitan synagogues. In 1871 he was created a baron of the Austrian empire in recognition of services rendered that country; and in consideration of the...
WORMS – ...Frankfort and English family, tracing its descent from Aaron Worms of Frankfort-on-the-Main in the middle of the eighteenth century. Aaron's great-great-grandson was created hereditary baron of the Austrian ...empire April 23, 1871; and a later descendant, Baron Henry de Worms, was raised to the British peerage as Lord Pirbright (see pedigree below). J.
HIRSCH, BARON MAURICE DE (MORITZ HIRSCH, FREIHERR AUF GEREUTH) – ...Foundation of His Fortune. German philanthropist; born at Munich Dec. 9, 1831; died near Ersek-Ujvar, Hungary, April 21, 1896; eldest son of Baron Joseph von ...Hirsch, and grandson of Baron Jacob von Hirsch, by whom the family fortune was founded. Maurice de Hirsch received a good ...railway, which was to connect Europe and the near East. The project was not looked upon with favor, but Baron Hirsch clearly saw its commercial value and advantages, won over sufficient cooperation, and personally...
CALMER, LIEFMANN – ...Baron of Picquigny, an important personage in French Jewry of the eighteenth century; born in Aurich, Hanover, in 1711; died in Paris Dec. 17, 1784. His full synagogal name was Moses Eliezer Lipmann ben ...of Amiens for 1,500,000 francs. A little later it was declared that the purchase was made in the name of Liefmann Calmer, full citizen of The Hague and naturalized Frenchman. He thus became baron of Picquigny ...bibliography"> Isidore Loeb, Un Baron Juif Français au XVIIIe Siècle, in Annuaire des Archives Israélites, 1885-1886, p. 136; Léon Kahn, Histoire de la...
GUTTMANN, JAKOB – ...embossed profile in wax of the emperor Joseph II. and for a steel-engraving of Metastasio.In 1844 Guttmann produced a bronze statuette of Baron Solomon von Rothschild from a portrait, and was commissioned by ...the baron to execute a replica in marble. The baron also paid Guttmann an annuity, thus enabling him to go to Rome. Here he modeled his bust of Pope Pius IX., and completed his masterpiece, "Der Blumenspender...
ENGLISCH, BERTHOLD – ...1887 in the Frankfort-on-the-Main tournament (twenty-one entries) he gained the seventh prize, winning over Alapin, Gunsberg, and Zuckertort; and in 1896 hewon the first prize in the tournament arranged by Baron...
HIRSCH, CLARA DE (Baroness de Hirsch-Gereuth) – ...Wife of Baron Maurice de Hirsch; born at Antwerp June 13, 1833; died in Paris April 1, 1899. Her mother was a sister of Solomon H. Goldschmidt, who for many years acted in the capacity of president of the ...She was married to Baron de Hirsch in 1855 and lived first in Munich, then in Brussels, and finally in Paris.Death of Her Son. Two children were born ...Shortly after his son's death the baron went to Constantinople. The baroness accompanied him; while there she spent most of her time in the poor districts of the city, and, after careful investigation, distributed...
SCHULBAUM, MOSES – ...of Michael Wolf at Lemberg as proof-reader. When the Baron de Hirsch schools were founded in Galicia, Schulbaum was called (1889) as teacher of Hebrew to Kolomea; in 1897 he was transferred to the Baron de...