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BETERA, BENE – ...bathyra">See Bathyra....
JUDAH B. BATHYRA – ...bathyra">See Bathyra....
BATHYRA – ...Cn. Sentius Saturninus. When Herod the Great learned of this expedition, he assigned to the troop a piece of land in the toparchy of Batanea, and in this way Zamaris founded the city of Bathyra, which he ...territory belonging to Bathyra. Had he proceeded to Cæsarea Philippi, over which Varus had been appointed governor by Agrippa when the latter went to Berytus (not to Antiochia), Varus (not Noares, as in "B. J."), who ...had designs upon the kingdom, would certainly have put Philip to death as a faithful adherent of Agrippa.Varus, however, entrapped Philip's countrymen, the Babylonians of Bathyra (the editions have...
PHILIP OF BATHYRA – ...Son of Jacimus and grandson of Zamaris, both of whom governed the city of bathyra">Bathyra in Trachonitis. Agrippa II. honored Philip with his friendship and made him leader of ...the Romans (Josephus, "Vita," § 11; comp. "B. J." ii. 18, § 6). Later, however, Gamala also revolted, whereupon Philip fled, and at Berytus complained to Agrippa, who restored to him his native town of Bathyra...
BATHYRA – ...A family whose name is probably identical with that of the city of bathyra">Bathyra. The name is so rare that all persons called "Bathyra" in the Talmud and Midrash are included ...from one another. According to Z. Frankel, the following can be distinguished:1. The Children of Bathyra ( , Pes. 66a) or ...The Elders of Bathyra ( , Yer. Pes. vi. 33a): It is commonly assumed that they were two brothers, heads of the Sanhedrin under Herod I. But as near relations were...
CHARES – ...Leader of the Zealots in the Judæo-Roman war, and one of the most eminent men of Gamala (Josephus, "B. J." iv. 1, § 9). When the men of Bathyra, "called the Babylonians," who sided with Agrippa and...
ELEAZAR BEN AHWAI (AHBAI) – ...Probably identical, according to Bacher ("Ag. Tan." ii. 553), with Eleazar b. Mahbai or Maḥbai, a tanna of the second century, contemporary of Judah b. Bathyra and Aḥa I. (Tosef., Yeb. xiv. 4). He is cited...
NISIBIS – ...college, at the head of which was R. Judah b. Bathyra. Its fame was so great that the words "That which is altogether just shalt thou follow" (Deut. xvi. 20) were interpreted by the Rabbis to mean "Follow the school ...of Judah b. Bathyra at Nisibis" (Sanh. 32b).After the accession of Trajan the Jews of Mesopotamia in general resisted that conqueror, who wished to annex their territory to the Roman empire. But the most ...1175-80) it contained a large community and three synagogues, one named for Judah b. Bathyra, and the other two built by Ezra. In one of the latter synagogues, he reports, there was a red stone brought from the...
JOSIAH – ...halakot. During Hadrian's persecution Josiah seems to have fled from Palestine; for he was at Nisibis, where he delivered precepts in the college of Judah b. Bathyra (Sifre, Num. 123; ib. Deut. 218).
RULES OF HILLEL, THE SEVEN – ...Rules given to the sons of Bathyra by Hillel I. as the chief guides for the interpretation of the Scriptures and for the deduction of laws from them (Tosef., Sanh. vii...
GAMALA – ...called "the Gaulanite" ("Ant." xviii. 1, §, 1).When the great war broke out against Rome, Gamala at first remained true to the Romans (Josephus, "Vita,"§ 11), the oppressed inhabitants of Bathyra finding...
JOHANAN HA-SANDALAR – ...Johanan and Eleazar I. (b. Shammua) left Palestine, intending to betake themselves to Judah b. Bathyra in Nisibis; but theydid not carry out their intention. By the time they arrived at Sidon they felt too homesick...
ZELOPHEHAD – ...32-36), while according to Judah b. Bathyra, he was one of those who "presumed to go up unto the hilltop," and who were smitten by the Amalekites and Canaanites (ib. xiv. 44-45; Sifre, Num. 113, 133; Shab...
HANANIAH (ḤANINA) – ...Tanna of the second century; contemporary of Judah b. Bathyra, Matteya b. Ḥeresh, and Jonathan (Sifre, Deut. 80). Who his father was is not stated; nor is anything known of his early years. He was named ...appealed to Judah b. Bathyra, then in Nisibis, for support; but the latter not only refused to participate in the secession movement, but prevailed on Hananiah to submit to the orders emanating from the Judean...
KIL'AYIM – ...Judah ha-Nasi was very modest, he said he was ready to obey everybody in everything, and to perform every command, except to renounce his rank as patriarch and to consecrate another, as the sons of Bathyra once did...
WATER-DRAWING, FEAST OF – ...R. Akiba deduced a Mosaic intimation ("remez") of the tradition from the plural form "u-nesakeha" ("drink-offerings"; Num. xxix, 31). R. Judah b. Bathyra drew a similar inference from the spellings...
HILLEL – ...succeeded in settling a question concerning the sacrificial ritual in a manner which showed at once his superiority over the Bene Bathyra, who were at that time the heads of the college. On that occasion, it is ...but this is hardly historical. All that can be said is that after the resignation of the Bene Bathyra Hillel was recognized as the highest authority among the Pharisees and the scribes of Jerusalem. He was the ...in one source, he applied on the day on which he overcame the Bene Bathyra (Tosef., Sanh. vii., toward the end; Sifra, Introduction, end; Ab. R. N. xxxvii.). On these seven rules rest the thirteen of R. Ishmael...
PASSOVER SACRIFICE – ...determined until the time of Hillel, who established it as a law and was in return elevated to the dignity of nasi by the Bene Bathyra (Pes. 68a).The Three Groups of Laity...
ORAL LAW – ...bathyra">Bathyra (Yer. Pes. vi. 33a), who would not at first admit Hillel's arguments that it was permitted to desecrate the Sabbath by the Passover sacrifice, although they submitted as soon as he said: "Kak...
TANNAIM AND AMORAIM – ...Eliezer b. Jacob, Eliezer b. Hyrcanus, Joshua b. Hananiah, Eleazar b. Azariah, Judah b. Bathyra.Third Generation (120-140): Principal tannaim: Ṭarfon, Ishmael ...Matthias*Johanan b. Nuri*Johanan ha-Sandalar*Johanan b. Torta*Johanan ben ZakkaiJonathan b. AbtolemusJonathan b. BathyraJonathan b. Joseph
  • ACADEMIES IN BABYLONIA – ...end). At the same time there was at Nisibis, in northern Mesopotamia, an excellent Jewish college, at the head of which stood Judah ben Betera (Bathyra), and in which many Palestinian scholars found refuge at the...
    SIFRE – ...works, and finally R. Judah b. Bathyra (Betera), who, as Hoffmann says, is more frequently mentioned in midrashic works from R. Ishmael's school than in any others. A sentence of the amora Samuel b. Naḥmani is...
    SAMUEL YARḤINA'AH – ...jpg). His father, who subsequently was known only by the designation Abuh di-Shemu'el ("father of Samuel"), was a silk-merchant. R. Judah b. Bathyra ordered a silken garment from him, but refused...
    PEDIGREE – ...CoutinhoAZULAIBACHARACH (P)Bachi (M)Back (P)BagiBak (St)BASCHWITZ (St)BasileaBassani (M)*Bassevi von TreuenfelsBathyra...
    WINE – ...which the public could not observe (B. B. 60b). R. Judah b. Bathyra said, "Meat was the principal accompaniment of joy in the time of the Temple, wine in post-exilic times" (Pes. 109a).Rab said that for...
    JUDAH I. – ...displaying the same modesty as the Bene Bathyra when they gave way to Hillel, and as Jonathan when he voluntarily gave precedence to his friend David (B. M. 84b, 85a).His...
    EXILARCH – ...banquets at the court of the exilarch were well known. An old anecdote was repeated in Palestine concerning a splendid feast which the exilarch once gave to the tanna Judah b. Bathyra at Nisibis on the eve of the Day...
    PHYLACTERIES – ...distinction between old and new tefillin ('Er. x. 1), a fact that clearly indicates the extent to which they were used. Even the slaves of this patriarch wore tefillin (Yer. 'Er. 26a). Judah b. Bathyra refers, about 150...
    SYNAGOGUE – ...Pethahiah says Eleazar b. Azariah), and at Nisibis one of Judah b. Bathyra. Several Babylonian synagogues mentioned by Benjamin were named in honor of amoraim: the synagogues of Rab, Samuel, Isaac, Nappaḥa, Rabba, Mar...
    BABYLONIA – ...the bud. This episode made such a strong impression upon the public mind that there are several accounts of it (Ber. 63a; Yer. Ned. 40a; Yer. Sanh. 19a). Judah b. Bathyra, who had a college...