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The unedited full-text of the 1906 Jewish Encyclopedia
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BIBLE CANON – ...expression πᾶα γραΘὴ Θηόπνηυστοç (II Tim. iii. 16; compare Eusebius, "Eclogæ Propheticæ," ed. Gaisford, p. 106)."Torah." A fourth designation for the entire Bible is ...twelve" prophets were known to Ecclus. (Sirach) as one book (xlix. 10), and the separation of Ezra from Nehemiah is not indicated in either the Talmud or the Masorah. A Bible codex written in Spain in 1448 divides ...Hagiographa. The third division, "the Holy Writings," may have received its name in a similar way. Originally, the whole Bible was called "Holy Writings," but subsequently men perhaps spoke of the "Law and the...
BIBLE CONCORDANCES – ...See Concordance; bible">Dictionaries....
BIBLE DICTIONARY – ...bible">See Dictionaries....
BIBLE EDITIONS – ...called into service to provide copies of the Bible for private use. All the editions published before the Complutensian Polyglot were edited by Jews; but afterward, and because of the increased interest excited in ...the Hebrew Bible by the Reformation, the work was taken up by Christian scholars and printers; and the editions published by Jews after this time were largely influenced by these Christian publications. It is not ...dei Tintori, or Dei Pinti, in 1473. He printed the first Hebrew book in 1474 (Ṭur Yoreh De'ah). In 1477 there appeared the first printed part of the Bible in an edition of 300 copies. It is not really an edition...
BIBLE EXEGESIS – ...science, the Bible itself. During the thousand years following the collection of the different books of the Scripture, the intellectual activity of Judaism was directed almost exclusively to the exegetic treatment of ...the Bible and the systematic development of the Law derived from it. When, through contact with Hellenic and Arabic learning, the Jewish intellect was led into new channels, Bible exegesis still retained its ...great production of medieval Judaism, the philosophy of religion, likewise developed into Bible exegesis in order to take on a Jewish character, although it substantially reproduced alien views. Finally, the...
BIBLE INSPIRATION – See Inspiration.
BIBLE MANUSCRIPTS – ...By this term are designated handwritten copies and codices of the Hebrew Bible as a whole, or of several books arranged in groups according to a certain order (bible-canon">see Bible ...ILLUMINATED HEBREW BIBLE (GEN. I.)WRITTEN IN SPAIN 1476. (from the Bodleian Library, Oxford.)

BIBLE, POLYGLOT – ...bible-editions">See Bible Editions....
BIBLE TEXTS – See Masorah.
BIBLE TRANSLATIONS – ...private life, of those that had gradually lost the knowledge of the ancient national tongue. In Palestine itself, Hebrew was driven out first by Aramaic, then by Greek, and finally by Arabic. Portions of the Bible ...Greek, as a knowledge of that language was considered to be an accomplishment. Evidently this change of view was occasioned by the rise of the Christian Church, which used the Bible only in the Septuagint Version ...among whom a knowledge of Hebrew was rapidly waning before the demands of every-day life.It is not known when the other books of the Bible were rendered into Greek. The grandson of Ben Sira (132 B.C.
FERRARA BIBLE – ...bible-editions">See Bible, Editions....
DICTIONARIES, BIBLE – ...the Bible. Up to within quite recent times Jews have taken very little part in such work. The earliest attempt at anything like a Bible dictionary is the work of Eusebius, Bishop of Cæsarea (d. 340), on the ...of material which, if put in alphabetical sequence, might have made a Biblical dictionary. Even the interest aroused in the Bible by the Reformation and the Humanist development (POLYGLOT BIBLE – ...bible-editions">See Bible Editions....
ANIMALS OF THE BIBLE – ...generally considereed that the Bible divides animals into four groups, according to their mode of moving: (1) quadrupeds, or walkers; (2) birds, or fliers; (3) reptiles, or creepers; (4) fishes, or swimmers. In fact ...foreign to either the primitive classification or its simpler substitute. Birds in the Bible are said to fly, but reptiles are nowhere said to creep, nor fish to swim. Man and quadrupeds are said "to go" rather than ...ANIMALS OF THE BIBLE.prepared by William
BIBLE IN MOHAMMEDAN LITERATURE – Mohammed's View of Jewish Scriptures. Through intercourse at Mecca, at Medina, and on his various journeys in the seething, germinant Arabia of his day, Mohammed learned to distinguish between idol-worshipers and such people as
COMMENTARIES ON THE BIBLE – ...bible-exegesis">See Bible Exegesis....
FLOWERS OF THE BIBLE – See Botany and Plants.
METER IN THE BIBLE – State of the Question. The question whether the poetical passages of the Old Testament show signs of regular rhythm or meter is yet unsolved; the question involves principally Psalms, Proverbs, Job, and most of the prophetical
ARABIC VERSIONS OF THE BIBLE – ...bible-translations">See Bible Translations....
ARMENIAN VERSION OF OLD TESTAMENT – ...bible-translations">See Bible Translation....
HILLELI – ...bible-manuscripts">See Bible Manuscripts....
HOLY SCRIPTURES – ...bible-canon">See Bible Canon....
SEPTUAGINT – ...bible-translations">See Bible Translations....
REVISED VERSION – ...bible-translations">See Bible Translation....
OLD TESTAMENT – ...bible-canon">See Bible Canon....
SUPERCOMMENTARIES – ...bible-exegesis">See Bible Exegesis....
DEMONIACS IN BIBLE AND TALMUD – See Exorcism.
DISEASES IN THE BIBLE AND TALMUD – ...See Medicine in Bible and Talmud....
NATURAL HISTORY IN THE BIBLE – ...bible">See Animals of the Bible; Botany; Metals....
BIBLEITZY (BIBLISTS) – Name given to a body of religious reformers, organized in the spring of 1882 among the Jewish working classes of Elizabethgrad, South Russia, subsequent to the riots against the Jews. The founders of the brotherhood, believing