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PALESTINE – ...and Palestine), as well as the entire interior as far as the Arabian desert. Josephus, however, usually limits the name to the land of the Philistines. In the course of time the term "Palestine" superseded the ...longer "Palestinian Syria," and it is used with this connotation by Josephus and Philo, while Vespasian officially designated the country as "Palestine" on the coins which he struck after the suppression of the ...for the country of the Israelites and the coast, the designation "Canaan" ( ) is applied in the Old Testament to Palestine west of the Jordan. The meaning of the word...
AKABAH, PALESTINE – See Eloth.
ACADEMIES IN PALESTINE – ...death of its author or editor (about 219), the schools both of Palestine and of Babylonia received a recognized text-book, upon which the lectures and the debates of the students were thence-forward founded. The ...accordingly remained the abode of the official head of Judaism in Palestine and, in a certain sense, of the Judaism of the whole Roman empire, as well as the seat of the Academy, which considered itself the successor of ...the Halakah. In the department of the Haggadah—always highly prized and popular in Palestine—the renown of Tiberias was also greatly augmented by many prominent and productive workers, from the contemporaries and...
AQUEDUCTS IN PALESTINE – ...Palestine, in contradistinction to Egypt, was a land of natural waters rather than of irrigation (Deut. xi. 10, 11), and there can be little doubt that the aqueducts, like the roads of the country, were ...Remains in Cæsarea of Two Aqueducts. Cæsarea, the capital of Palestine under Herod the Great, was built on the seashore north of Joppa, on a site which had no good water-supply. It is, therefore, probable that ...running to waste in the valley. Similar cave springs, with rock stairs to the interior of the fortress, are found at Gibeon and elsewhere in Palestine, but the Siloam tunnel is the most important instance known of...
CAVES IN PALESTINE – ...By "me'arah" ( ) the Hebrew designates natural caves. The mountains of Palestine, which for the greater part are formations of soft limestone, abound in natural...
PALESTINE, HOLINESS OF – ...The sacredness of Palestine in the esteem of the Jews is partly accounted for by the fact that it was the cradle and sepulcher of their Patriarchs and their "Promised Land." Moreover, many of the Mosaic ...laws could apply to Palestine only, and the holiness of these laws was largely reflected on the Holy Land. Palestine was distinguished as "a land which the Lord thy God cared for: the eyes of the Lord thy God are ...always upon it" (Deut. xi. 12). God calls it "my land" (Joel iii. 2). The term "holy land" is mentioned only once in the Bible (Zech. ii. 12). In rabbinical literature Palestine is generally known as "Ereẓ Yisrael...
AGRICULTURAL COLONIES IN PALESTINE – ...Since the dispersion of the Jews from their native land, many efforts have been made to induce them to return to Palestine and engage in agriculture. Probably the first of these to lead to any practical ...centuries later Meshullam ben Menahem Volterra, of Florence, while traveling through Palestine (1481), found sixty Jewish families in Gaza on farms, where they cultivated the vine and raised cereals (see his ...of Trani, in his responsa (Venice, 1629, i. § 46), relates that the Jews of Palestine devoted themselves at that time to such agricultural pursuits as cultivating cotton, growing cereals, raising vegetables...
PALESTINE, LAWS AND CUSTOMS RELATING TO – ...After the destruction of Jerusalem all the special laws of Palestine became obsolete according to the strict interpretation of the Mosaic law, but the Rabbis, desiring to maintain some distinction between the Holy ...by virtue of the Mosaic law).Those of the laws of Palestine that were extended after the Exile were originally enacted for the purpose of protecting the judicial administration and economic interests of ...Palestine, and with a view to encourage settlement there. Hence the semikah was still left in the hands of the Palestinian judiciary, with power to inflict the penalties of stripes and fines, and to announce the day of...
GEBALENA – ...palestine">See Palestine....
HOLY LAND – ...palestine">See Palestine....
JUDEA – ...palestine">See Palestine....
SHEFELAH – ...palestine">See Palestine....
CONDUITS – ...palestine">See Aqueducts in Palestine....
LAW SCHOOLS – ...palestine">See Academies in Palestine....
TRISTRAM, HENRY BAKER – ...English clergyman, Biblical scholar, and traveler in Palestine; born May 11, 1822, at Eglingham, Northumberland. He was educated at Durham School and Oxford University, and took orders in 1845; but sickness ...compelled him to live abroad. He explored the northern Sahara, and in 1858 paid his first visit to Palestine. In 1863 and in 1872 he again visited Palestine and spent a great deal of time there in making scientific ...journeyed extensively in Palestine, the Lebanon, Mesopotamia, and Armenia. Since 1873 he has been canon residentiary of Durham.Among Tristram's many publications those dealing with the Holy Land are: "The Land...
AMRAM, ḤAYYIM – ...Commentator who lived in Palestine in the first half of the nineteenth century. He published "Ḳorban PesaḦ" (Passover Offering), a commentary on the Passover Haggadah (Leghorn, 1836).
YARMUK – ...River of Palestine; its various sources rise in the mountains of Hauran and Jaulan; it flows generally west and empties into the Jordan four English miles south of the Lake of Gennesaret. Although it is ...Jordan, and which is built of volcanic stones, is celebrated. According to R. Johanan, the Yarmuk was the second largest river in Palestine (B. B. 74b), but its water was not to be used for the water of atonement ...seq., Regensburg, 1876; Schwartz, Palestine, p. 53, Philadelphia, 1850; Neubauer, G. T. p. 31; Ritter...
ABBA – ...article). The name was particularly common among the Amoraim of Palestine and Babylonia. In the latter country Abba, by fusion with the initial R of the title Rab, became Rabba or Raba. In Palestine this was...
AUSPITZ, JACOB – ...Mediterranean and the projected division of Palestine; (5) Palestine, according to Jewish and Gentile sources. The work was published at Vienna in 1818.Bibliography:
BAAL-SHALISHA – ...Talmud (loc. cit.), fruits ripened earlier at Baal-shalisha than elsewhere in Palestine.Bibliography: G. A ...Smith, Historical Geography of Palestine, p. 351; Buhl, Geographie des Alten Palästina, p. 214.J.
ḤULTHA – ...One of the seven seas which, according to the Talmudists, surround Palestine (B. B. 74b; Yer. Ket. xii. 3; Kil. ix. 5; Midr. Teh. to Ps. xxiv.). In the enumeration of the seven seas in the Yalḳuṭ to Ps ...xxiv., the "Sea of Acre" is substituted for "Ḥultha," thus identifying the latter with the Bay of Acre. It is identified by Lightfoot with Lac Sirbonis, south of Palestine; by Bochart, who reads
HAAS, SIMḤAH BEN JOSHUA – ...Traveler and preacher; born in Dobrowitz, Bohemia, 1710; died in Brahilov 1768. He was father-in-law to Solomon Dubno, and was a preacher in Brahilov. In 1764 he wrote an account of his journey to Palestine ...Ahabat Ẓiyyon" or "Sippure Ereẓ, ha-Galil" (Grodno, n.d.). A large portion of this book in its printed form was, however, written by the Karaite Samuel ben David, an earlier traveler in Palestine. Haas also...
ABIB – ...Palestine, it began in ordinary years in the last third of March, but in every third or intercalary year a month later (see Calendar).BARUCH, JACOB [KOHEN-ẒEDEḲ] BEN MOSES ḤAYYIM – ...Yerushalayim" (Praise Ye, O Jerusalem, Ps. cxlvii. 12), on Jerusalem and the various Jewish centers in Palestine, especially on the graves and monuments of old Jewish worthies to be found there. The anonymous author has ...largely used the "Zikkaron Birushalayim" of Constantinople, 1743 (Benjacob, "Oẓar ha-Sefarim," p. 158, n. 152). Attached to this is an account of the journey from Venice to Palestine of some great teacher, who ...starting on 17th Elul (1521), passed through Polia, Corfu, Zante, Tripoli, Beirut, Zidon, Safed, Tyre, and visited all the places of Jewish interest in Palestine; noting the condition of the Jews there, and the...
GAZARA – ...Fortified city in Palestine; situated on the borders of Azotus, not far from Emmaus-Nicopolis on the west. Gazara has been proved by Schürer ("Geschichte," i. 245) to be identical with the "Gezer" of the...
GIRZITES – ...A tribe rich in cattle and apparel; with the Geshurites and the Amalekites it occupied the land between the south of Palestine and Egypt (I Sam. xxvii. 8, 9).
HAZAR-ENAN – ...Place on the boundary of Palestine, apparently to the northeast, between Zephron and Shepham, not far from the district of Hamath, in Damascene Syria (Num. xxxiv. 9, 10; Ezek. xlvii. 17, xlviii. 1 [R. V...
HIVITES – ...Gesenius, "the villager" (comp. , or, according to Ewald ("Gesch. des Volkes Israel," i. 318), "the midlander," the Hivites having previously inhabited central Palestine. The ...Hivite was the sixth son of Canaan (Gen. x. 17). In the first enumeration (Gen. xv. 19-21) of the nations which occupied Palestine in the time of Abraham, the Hivites are not mentioned. Hamor, the Prince of Shechem ...of their cities (Gen. xxxiv. 20). Later, in the time of the conquest of Palestine by Joshua, fearing to meet the Israelites in battle, they resorted to stratagem; as they had been outwitted by the sons of Jacob...
DEMOPHON – ...Apparently an officer under Lysias' command; he was Syrian general in Palestine about 164 B.C., and as such harried the Jewish population, who were already worn out because of their many wars, and...
BELKIND, ISRAEL – ...in Russia in 1881, when colonization committees were formed in the large Jewish centers of Russia, some of which favored the establishment of agricultural colonies in America, and some in Palestine, Belkind ...established the colony Ghederah or Katra, near Ekron (palestine">see Agricultural Colonies in Palestine).The enterprise was not successful; and Belkind, after...