Russian town in the government of Chernigov. The town dates its origin as far back as the eleventh century. Jews lived there in the sixteenth century, contributed toward the repairs of the streets, and paid taxes on an equal footing with the burghers. The Jewish butchers, however, were forbidden to compete with the Christians in the sale of meat, and hence sold it only in the yard of the synagogue. In 1648 the town was taken by the Cossacks, and the Jews and Poles were put to the sword. The city has a total population of 9,185, of whom 2,700 are Jews (1897). There are 318 Jewish artisans (1898) and 40 Jewish day-laborers. The general educational institutions afford instruction to 147 Jewish pupils. The charitable institutions include a biḳḳur ḥolim and a leḥem ebyonim.

  • Regesty i Nadpisi, i., Nos. 714, 889, St. Petersburg, 1899;
  • Russki Yevrei, 1880, No. 15.
H. R. S. J.
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