JewishEncyclopedia.com

The unedited full-text of the 1906 Jewish Encyclopedia
YIẒḤAḲ OF MAGDALA – Palestinian amora of the third century. He engaged in various midrashic controversies. Among them was one with Levi concerning I Kings vii. 50 (Cant. R. on iii. 10), and another with Kahana concerning Joseph's abstention from...
YIẒḤAḲ BEN MARYON – Palestinian amora of the third century; contemporary of Eleazar ben Pedat (Yer. Suk. 53a). He transmitted some haggadic maxims in the names of Ḥanina (Eccl. R. ix. 12) and Jose ben Ḥanina (Pesiḳ. 99a). With reference to Gen. ii....
YIẒḤAḲ BAR NAḤMAN – Palestinian amora of the third century; a friend of Jacob bar Idi, together with whom he officiated as poor-law commissioner (Yer. Sheḳ. 49a). The two friends often engaged in halakic controversies (Yer. Shab. 14d). Yiẓḥaḳ twice...
YIẒḤAḲ NAPPAḤA – Palestinian amora of the third and fourth centuries. He is found under the name "Nappaḥa" only in the Babylonian Talmud, not in the Palestinian. As a haggadist he stands in the foremost rank of his contemporaries. In the...
YIẒḤAḲ BEN PARNAK – Palestinian amora of uncertain period. He is named as the author of an apocryphal work entitled , which describes the events that take place at the death of a human being. When a man is dying three angels come to his bedside—the...
YIẒḤAḲ BAR REDIFA – Palestinian amora of the fourth century; the transmitter of the haggadah of R. Ammi (Lev. R. xii., beginning; Ex. R. xlii., end; Yer. Sheḳ. 48a; Ex. R. iii. to Ex. iii. 14). He once requested the amora Jeremiah to decide a...
YIẒḤAḲ BEN SAMUEL BEN MARTA – Babylonian amora of the third and fourth centuries. He was a pupil of R. Naḥman, to whom he directed questions relating to sacrifice (Men. 81a) and to differentiation between sanctified and unsanctified things (Ḥul. 35a). In the...
YIẒḤAḲ BEN ṬABLAI – Palestinian amora of the fourth century; a contemporary of Jacob ben Zabdai and Ḥelbo, together with both of whom he was called upon to decide a question of religious law (Yer. Niddah 50a). When asked whether the law of Demai...
YIẒḤAḲ BEN ZE'ERA – Palestinian amora of the fourth century. He interpreted the word in Ps. xix. 6, in connection with Gen. xviii. 11, as signifying that the descending sun resembles a drop of blood not larger than a mustard-seed (Lev. R. xxxi. 9)....
YIẒḤAḲ – See Rashi.
YIẒḤAḲI, ABRAHAM – Turkish Talmudist; lived at Salonica toward the end of the sixteenth century. He was dayyan under Rabbi Solomon ha-Levi, after whom Yiẓḥaḳi signed third under a decision issued in 1597, and second under a decision of 1598....
YIẒḤAḲI, ABRAHAM BEN DAVID – Palestinian rabbi and anti-Shabbethaian; born in 1661; died at Jerusalem June 10, 1729; on his mother's side a grandson of Abraham Azulai. He was a pupil of Moses Galante, and was in his turn the teacher of Moses Ḥagiz. Yiẓḥaḳi...
YIZIDRO (YSIDRO), ABRAHAM GABBAI – See Gabbai.
YOD – Tenth letter of the Hebrew alphabet. The name seems to be connected with "yad," meaning "hand"; the Phenician "yod" remotely resembles a hand in form. The letter is a palatal semivowel, identical in sound with the English "y."...
YOKE – See Agriculture.
YOM, HA- – See Periodicals.
YOM KIPPUR – See Atonement, Day of.
YOM KIPPUR ḲAṬAN – The "Minor Day of Atonement"; observed on the day preceding each Rosh Ḥodesh or New-Moon Day, the observance consisting of fasting and supplication, but being much less rigorous than that of Yom Kippur proper. The custom is of...