JewishEncyclopedia.com

The unedited full-text of the 1906 Jewish Encyclopedia
YOM-ṬOB BEN ABRAHAM ISHBILI – Famous Talmudic commentator of the first half of the fourteenth century. He received his name from the city of Seville; but was living at Alcolea de Cinca in 1342. He was gifted with a clear, acute mind, and was a pupil of Aaron...
YOM-ṬOB BEN ISAAC OF JOIGNY – Tosafist and liturgical poet who suffered martyrdom at York, Eingland, in March, 1190, as has been proved by Grätz ("Gesch." vi. 455). The Jews of York sought refuge in the fortress from the fury of the populace; and after...
YOMA – A treatise in the Mishnah, in the Tosefta, and in both Talmudim, treating of the divineservice on the Day of Atonement, of the fasting ceremony on that day, and of other regulations pertaining to the occasion. In the Tosefta...
YORK – Capital town of Yorkshire, England, and seat of a metropolitan see. In the Angevin period it was the second city in the kingdom, and Jews flocked thither in considerable numbers. It is recorded that at the coronation of Richard...
YOSIPPON – See Josephus.
YOUNG MEN'S HEBREW ASSOCIATION – Communal institution organized in various cities of the United States for the mental, moral, social, and physical improvement of Jewish young men. The first established was that in New York, which was organized on March 22,...
YOẒEROT – The collective name for the piyyuṭim introduced in the recitation of the morning service on the festivals and on special Sabbaths throughout the year in the Northern rituals (see Zunz, "S. P." passim). These hymns are termed...
YSIDRO, ABRAHAM GABBAI – See Gabbai.
YUDAN – Relations with Ze'era. Palestinian amora of the fourth century. His name does not occur in the Babylonian Talmud, whereas it is often mentioned in the older Palestinian midrashim, as well as in the Jerusalem Talmud, where he is...
YUDAN BEN ISHMAEL – Palestinian amora of the third century; probably a brother of Yannai ben Ishmael. He solved the question whether instructors in the Law should be paid for their services, by declaring that they ought to be remunerated for the...
YUDAN BEN MANASSEH – Palestinian amora of the third century. One of his halakic maxims has been preserved in the Jerusalem Talmud (Kil. 27a), and the Babylonian Talmud contains two haggadic sayings by him, both based on the interpretation of a...
YUDAN BEN SIMEON – Palestinian amora of the third century; a contemporary of Johanan, who in his name transmits a ruling relating to the law of inheritance, as well as a discussion which took place between them (B. B. 114b-115a). Reference is...
YUDGHANITES – Members of the Jewish sect called "Al-Yudghaniyyah," after the name of its founder, Yudghan or Judah of Hamadan, a disciple of Abu 'Isa al-Isfahani. Shortly after the defeat of Abu 'Isa and his followers, the 'Isawites, at Rai...
YUḤASIN, SEFER HA- – See Zacuto, Abraham.
YULEE, DAVID LEVY – American politician; born in St. Thomas, West Indies, in 1811; died in New York city Oct. 10, 1886. He went to Richmond, Va., where he applied himself to classical studies and the law. Later he removed to Florida and became a...
YULY (YULEE), SAMUEL – Moorish envoy to England; born in Mogador, Morocco, at the end of the eighteenth century; died at Portsea, England, in Jan., 1872. He was connected with the Guedella family, agents for the Sultan of Morocco and one of the...
YUSUF IBN NUḤ, ABU YA'ḲUB – See Joseph B. Noah ha-Baṣri.
YUSUF IBN TESHUFIN – Almoravid king of Spain in the eleventh and twelfth centuries. He was the only Almoravid ruler hostile to the Jews, and he once endeavored to force Islam upon them. Passing through Lucena in 1105, he noticed the flourishing...