JewishEncyclopedia.com

The unedited full-text of the 1906 Jewish Encyclopedia
WA'AD ARBA' ARAẒOT – See Council of Four Lands.
WA-ANI TEFILLATI – The introduction to the reading of the lesson before the afternoon prayer on the Sabbath. Among the Ashkenazim it is chanted by the ḥazzan to the prayer-motive of the service (see Music, Synagogal) like U-Ba le-Ẓiyyon, which it...
WACHNACHT – The Judæo-German term for the night preceding the day of circumcision, spent in feasting and the recitation of hymns and prayers by the mohel, sandik, and members of the family. The ostensible object of the watch is to ward off...
WAGENSEIL, JOHANN CHRISTOPH – German Christian Hebraist; born at Nuremberg Nov. 26, 1633; died at Altdorf Oct. 9, 1705. In 1667 he was made professor of history at Altdorf, and was professor of Oriental languages at the same university from 1674 to 1697,...
WAGER – See Asmakta; Betting.
WAGES – See Master and Servant.
WAGNER, WILHELM RICHARD – German composer of music; born at Leipsic May 22, 1813; died at Venice Feb. 13, 1883. He commenced the study of music at the University of Leipsic, but had a struggling existence till 1839, when he made the acquaintance of...
WAHB IBN MUNABBIH (Abu 'Abd Allah al-Ṣana'ani al-Dhimari) – Mohammedan traditionist of Dhimar (two days' journey from Sanaa) in Yemen; died at the age of ninety, in a year variously given by Arabic authorities as 725, 728, 732, and 737 C.E. On his father's side he was descended from...
WAHL, ABRASKI – See Wahl, Saul.
WAHL, MORITZ CALLMANN – German writer; born March 28, 1829, at Sondershausen; died Oct. 15, 1887. He studied Oriental languages at Leipsic under Julius Fürst and H. L. Fleischer. Later he taught for a time at an English school, and subsequently held...
WAHL, SAUL – A remarkable personage who, according to tradition, occupied for a short time the throne of Poland. The story connected with his reign is as follows: Prince Nicholas Radziwill, surnamed the Black, who lived in the sixteenth...
WAHLTUCH, ADOLPHUS – English physician; born in Odessa, Russia, 1837. He studied medicine at Kiev, Prague, and London (M.D., L.R.C.P., 1863), and then settled in Manchester as a practising physician. He is known as a successful practitioner and as a...
WAHLTUCH, MARK – Russian philosopher and author; born at Odessa 1830; died at Pisa Jan. 27, 1901. He resided for many years in Ancona, Naples, Florence, Leghorn, and Pisa. He translated into Italian the works of A. Pushkin ("Poesie di A....
WAHRHEIT, DIE – See Periodicals.
WAHRMANN, ISRAEL B. SOLOMON – Hungarian rabbi and Talmudist; born at Altofen, Hungary; died at Budapest June 24, 1824. He was called to the rabbinate of Pesth in 1799, and was the first officially recognized rabbi of the community, which developed rapidly...
WAHRMANN, JUDAH – Hungarian rabbi; son of Israel Wahrmann; born 1791; died at Pesth Nov. 14, 1868. He was appointed associate rabbi and teacher of religion at the gymnasium of Budapest on Feb. 9, 1851, and was the author of "Ma'areket...
WAHRMANN, MORITZ – Hungarian politician; grandson of Israel Wahrmann; born at Budapest Feb. 28, 1832; died there Nov. 26, 1892. He was educated at the Protestant gymnasium and the university of his native city, and entered his father's mercantile...
WAKRULKAR, SOLOMON ELIJAH – Beni-Israel soldier; enlisted in the Nineteenth Regiment Native (Indian) Infantry Sept. 25, 1838. He was promoted jemidar Jan. 1, 1853; subahdar, Jan. 22, 1858; subahdar-major, Jan. 1, 1872. In 1877 he was decorated with the...
WALDEN, AARON BEN ISAIAH NATHAN – Polish Talmudist, editor, and author; born at Warsaw about 1835. Walden, who is an ardent adherent of Ḥasidism, is known especially for his "Shem ha-Gedolim he-Ḥadash" (Warsaw, 1864), a work of the same nature as Azulai's "Shem...
WALDENBURG, LOUIS – German physician; born at Filehne, Posen, July 31, 1837; died at Berlin April 14, 1881; educated at the University of Berlin (M.D. 1860). After a postgraduate course at Heidelberg he established himself in Berlin as a specialist...
WALDOW, B – See Bloch, Bianca.
WALDSTEIN, CHARLES – Anglo-American archeologist; born in New York March 30, 1856. He was educated at Columbia College, New York city (A.M. 1873), and studied also at Heidelberg (Ph.D. 1875) and finally at Cambridge, England (M.A. and Litt.D. 1878)....
WALDTEUFEL, EMILE – French composer; born at Strasburg Dec. 9, 1837. He commenced the study of music under the tuition of his father, a professional musician; later he became the pupil of Joseph Heyberger; and he completed his musical education at...
WALEY, JACOB – English lawyer and professor of political economy; born in London March 17, 1819; died there June, 1873. He was the elder son of Solomon Jacob Levy (who adopted the name of Waley), and was educated at Neumegen's school at...
WALEY, SIMON WALEY – English merchant, musician, and communal worker; born in London Aug. 23, 1827; died there Dec. 30, 1875; younger son of Solomon Jacob Levy. He studied at University College, London, but left without taking a degree. At the age...