JewishEncyclopedia.com

The unedited full-text of the 1906 Jewish Encyclopedia
ZUKUNFT, DIE – See Periodicals.
ZUNDER, MAIER – See Connecticut.
ZUNSER, ELIAKIM – Russian "badḥan" and poet; born at Wilna in 1845. At the age of sixteen he had gained a local reputation as a poet, and after setting his rimes to music of an Oriental character for voice, orchestra, and piano, he sang at...
ZUNTZ, NATHAN – German physiologist; born at Bonn Oct. 6, 1847; educated at the university of his native city (M.D. 1868). Becoming an assistant at the physiological institution of the university, he was appointed privat-docent in 1871, and...
ZUNZ, LEOPOLD – Founder of the modern "science of Judaism" and pioneer in the history of Jewish literature, religious poetry, and the ritual of the synagogue; born at Detmold Aug. 10, 1794; died at Berlin March 18, 1886. The genealogy of his...
ZUPH – 1. A Levite, and one of the ancestors of the prophet Samuel (I Sam. i. 1); in the parallel passage, I Chron. vi. 11 (A. V. 26), he is called Zophai.2. A country, perhaps so called because it was inhabited by the family of Zuph...
ZUPNIK, AARON HIRSCH – Galician Hebrew and Judæo-German writer; born at Drohobycz c. 1850. In addition to editing the "Drohobyczer Zeitung," a Judæo-German weekly begun in 1883, and the "Ẓiyyon," a periodical which was at first devoted to Hebrew...
ZURICH – Capital of the Swiss canton of the same name. Jews first settled there in the early part of the fourteenth century, and soon acquired considerable wealth by lending money. They paid high taxes for toleration, but were allowed to...
ZURIEL, MOSES BEN SAMUEL – Mathematician of the seventeenth century; author of "Meḥaddesh Ḥodashim" (Venice, 1653), a calendar for 5414-34 (= 1654-74).Bibliography: Steinschneider, in Monatsschrift, xlix. 495.E. C. M. Sel.
ZURISHADDAI – The father of Shelumiel, a chief of the tribe of Simeon, who was chosen to aid Moses in numbering the people (Num. i. 6; ii. 12; vii. 36, 41; x. 19).E. G. H. B. P.
ZURITA – Fortified city of Castile on the River Tajo, one and one-half miles from Pastrana. It had a Jewish community as early as 1137, when King Alfonso VII. won it from the Moors; and during the Almohade persecutions many Jews sought...
ZUṬRA, MAR, I. – Exilarch from 401 to 409. He was the successor of Mar Kahana and a contemporary of R. Ashi, whose enactments he had to follow in spite of his exalted position. He was obliged to leave Nehardea and take up his residence in Sura,...
ZUṬRA, MAR, II. – Exilarch; born about 496; died about 520; ruled from 512 to 520. He was the son of Huna, who was appointed exilarch under Firuz; and he was born at the time when Mazdak endeavored to introduce communism in all Persia. The...
ZUṬRA, MAR, BAR MAR ZUṬRA – Palestinian scholar. On the day of his birth his father was crucified, and his mother fled with him to Palestine, where he was later appointed archipherecite (see Archipherecites). According to Brüll, he was active in causing...
ZUZIM – Name of an ancient people mentioned in Gen. xiv. 5 as residing in Ham, the territory east of the Jordan, and as having been smitten by Chedorlaomer. The narrator must have supposed that the Zuzim were well known, for he prefixes...
ZWEIFEL, LAZAR (ELIEZER ẒEBI B. DAVID HA-KOHEN) – Russian apologist and critical compiler from rabbinical works; born at Moghilef April 15, 1815; died at Gluchof Feb. 18, 1888. He was a lecturer in the rabbinical seminary of Jitomir from 1853 until the institution was closed in...
ZWEIFEL, PAUL – German gynecologist; born at Höngg, near Zurich, Switzerland, June 30, 1848; educated at the University of Zurich (M.D. 1871). In 1871 he received the "venia legendi" at the University of Strasburg, where he had already become...