German baptized Jew of the end of the fourteenth and beginning of the fifteenth century. He charged that the Jews in their concluding prayer 'Alenu made a blasphemous allusion to Jesus in the words: "for they bow before vanity and emptiness []," since and each equals 316 in numerical value.

  • Lipmann, Niẓẓaḥon, ed. Hackspann, Altdorf, 1644;
  • Grätz, Gesch. 3d ed., viii. 70-72.
D. S. O.
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