English financier and economist; born at London 1832; died at Newmarket May 11, 1899; son of Louis Raphael. He was senior partner in the firm of R. Raphael & Sons, stockbrokers and bankers, and his influence on the Stock Exchange was considerable. Raphael showed a grasp of difficult economic subjects, and gave evidence before various royal commissions and parliamentary committees, including the Gold and Silver Commission of 1888. He was a man of large charities, dispensed not within the Jewish circle only, but over a wider area. In memory of his wife (d. Aug., 1897) he gave £20,000 to Guy's Hospital for the endowment of a "Henriette Raphael Ward." He was a generous supporter of the London Jewish Board of Guardians and of other charitable institutions. He took a great interest in the turf also.

Raphael's son, Herbert H. Raphael (b. 1859), has sat on the London County Council and the London school board, and has contested various parliamentary seats.

  • Jew. Chron. May 12, 1899;
  • The Times (London), May 12, 1899.
J. G. L.
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