(Redirected from SAMUEL BEN SHNEOR.)

French tosafist of the thirteenth century. He is identified by Gross with Samuel ben Shneor (not ben Yom-Ṭob, as given by Zunz in "Z. G." p. 38), whose explanations of Nazir are cited by Solomon ben Adret (Responsa, iii., No. 345), and whose authority is invoked by Jonah Gerondi. Samuel directed a rabbinical school at Château-Thierry, and had for disciples R. Ḥayyim (brother of Asher ben Jehiel of Toledo), R. Perez, and R. Isaac of Corbeil. He carried on a correspondence on scientific subjects with Jehiel of Paris ("Orḥot Ḥayyim," i. 110c) and with Nathaniel the Elder ("Mordekai" on Ḥul. vii., No. 681). Samuel's Talmudic interpretations are often quoted in the Tosafot (Beẓah 14b, 20b, 24b; Ḳid. 27b, 39a; Ned. 90b; 'Ab. Zarah 68a; Tem. 19b). From the fact that the author of the tosafot to Soṭah mentions there the name of Moses of Evreux as being his brother, it is inferred that these tosafot were written by Samuel.

  • Michael, Or ha-Ḥayyim, p. 593, No. 1202;
  • Gross, Gallia Judaica, p. 258.
E. C. I. Br.
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