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Austrian physician and Persian scholar; born at Nikolsburg June 30, 1808; died at Vienna Sept. 15, 1892. Educated at the gymnasium and University of Vienna (M.D. 1830), he became privat-docent at his alma mater in 1833. From that year to 1838 he was assistant at the Allgemeine Krankenhaus; in 1848 he received the title of professor; in 1850 he was appointed assistant professor and in 1869 professor of the history of medicine. He resigned his university position in 1878.

Of Seligmann's works may be mentioned: "De Re Medica Persarum" (Vienna, 1832), a translation and interpretation of the oldest Neo-Persian manuscript on medicine; "Liber Fundamentorum Pharmacologiæ Auctore Abu Mansar" and "Ueber Drei Höchst Seltene Persische Handschriften," ib. 1833; "Götter, Satyren und Faune," ib. 1838. "Die Heilsysteme und die Volkskrankheiten," ib. 1850; "Adam Chenot und Seine Zeit," ib. 1861; "Ueber Begräbniss in Culturhistorischer Beziehung," ib. 1864.

  • Eisenberg, Das Geistige Wien, i., Vienna, 1893;
  • Pagel, Biog. Lex.
S. F. T. H.
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