A name assumed by nine different publications issued in France and Algiers and directed against the Jews. In nearly every case they were short-lived. The first "Anti-Juif," a weekly, published in Paris, describing itself as an "organ of social defense," only reached its fourth number (from Dec. 18, 1881, to Jan. 8, 1882). It was issued under the management of L. Panchioni. In the leading article, entitled "Our Aim," the editor calls the attention of his readers to the financial prosperity of France at that time—a boon which he attributes to "commercial feudalism"—for the manifest purpose of exciting the hatred of the working classes. He claims that "the Jew rules and governs." Therefore he deems it his mission to acquaint the public with the real condition of the country and to suggest how it can be improved. The second periodical in point of time was the "Anti-Juif" that appeared at Algiers in 1890, and was signed by its printer, Bouyer, asresponsible editor. It was discontinued after a few numbers had been issued. After an interval of seven years, T. Macon, a printer, undertook the publication of a third "Anti-Juif," which also appeared in Algiers as the "organ of the Anti-Semitic League." The career of this biweekly began on July 14, 1897, at Mustapha, a suburb of Algiers, and lasted but a short time. No greater success attended the publication of the fourth of these anti-Semitic journals, styled the "Anti-Juif Bourguignon," which appeared March 12, 1898, at Dijon, after having dropped its original name, "Le Libre Bourguignon." It tried unsuccessfully to imitate the "Libre Parole," the anti-Semitic journal of Édouard Drumont. A fifth periodical of like purpose was the "Anti-Juif Marseillais et de la Région du Midi," which appeared on Aug. 6, 1898, at Marseilles, and was discontinued soon after. In Algeria the sixth paper devoted to anti-Semitism, "L'Anti-Juif Algérien," appeared, with an illustrated supplement, March 27, 1898. The "Anti-Juif Stephanois," the seventh, was published at Lyons, Sept. 18, 1898, but was immediately discontinued. The eighth, a weekly, describing itself as an "organ of the Anti-Semitic League," was published in Paris on Aug. 11 of the same year. Nineteen numbers appeared in 1898, and forty-one in 1899. The first numbers were signed by Chanteloube as responsible editor; the last were issued under the editorship of Jules Guérin, notorious for his escapade in the Rue Chabrol, where he defied arrest for some days in a dwelling-house (No. 51) that was ironically called "Fort Chabrol" (Aug. and Sept., 1899). With his imprisonment the publication ceased. The ninth, the "Anti-Juif du Midi," appeared June 11, 1899, at Montpellier; its publication ceased with the third number.

A small paper, more vituperative even than the preceding, and called "L'Anti-Youtre, Organe de Protestation Sociale" (Organ of Social Protest), was edited at Lille by Noël Gaulois (pseudonym of Emmanuel Gallian), and printed in Paris, in March, April, and May, 1891. Four numbers only of this sheet appeared. Parodying the well-known exclamation of Gambetta, it proclaimed as its motto: "The real enemy is the Jew!" (Le Youtre c'est l'ennemi). In its second number it printed some illustrations representing the so-called Damascus affair, in which a bleeding child was pictured. The editor did not even know that the Damascus affair was caused by the disappearance of an old monk.See Damascus.

M. S.
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