Name of a family, with branches in Provence, Africa, Turkey, and Italy.

1. Abraham ben Judah Cavallero:

Lived at Fez between 1688 and 1700.

  • Steinschneider, Hebräische Bibl. xvi. 62.
2. Isaac Cavallero:

Talmudic scholar. He began the study of the Talmud at Salonica about 1630, and was a fellow-student of David Conforte ("Ḳore ha-Dorot," ed. Cassel, 52b). He is probably not identical with the Isaac Cavellero who was a preacher at Venice in the second half of the seventeenth century, and whose sermons were published by his relative Judah ben Joseph Perez under the title "Naḥal Etan" in the "Peraḥ Lebanon" (Berlin 1712).

  • Azulai, Shem ha-Gedolim, ii. 121.
L. G. M. K.3. Isaac de Don Shem-Ṭob Cavallero:

Italian scholar; son of Shem-Ṭob Cavallero; flourished at Venice at the end of the sixteenth and beginning of the seventeenth century. He was the author of "Orden de Oraciones" (Venice, prior to 1583), an edition of the prayer-book according to the ritual of the Spanish and Portuguese Jews, and containing the Hebrew text with a translation into the Spanish vernacular; a second edition, to which the "Declaracion de los Puntos" was appended, was published at Venice in 1622. The "Orden de-Oraciones" was placed upon the "Index Librorum Prohibitorum," edited by Caspar á Quiroga (p. 69b, Madrid, 1583).

  • Kayserling, Bibl. Esp.-Port.-Jud. pp. 37, 59, 60;
  • Wolf, Bibl. Hebr. iii. 1279b;
  • Steinschneider, Cat. Bodl. Nos. 2123, 2404, 5328.
J. M. W. L.4. Jacob Cavallero:

Lived in Turkey about the middle of the sixteenth century, and was correspondent of Jacob Berab and of Moses Trani (Conforte, l.c. p. 37a).

5. Jonas Cavallero:

Of Besalu; was an intimate friend of Kalonymus b. Kalonymus, the author of "Eben Boḥan" (Touchstone).

  • Monatsschrift, xxviii. 549.
6. Moses b. Jehiel Cavagliero:

Physician; died at Ancona, 1583.

  • Revue Etudes Juives, iii. 236.
7. Shealtiel b. Solomon Cavallero:

Hebrew poet; lived at Salonica about the second half of the sixteenth century, and was probably the son of Solomon Cavallero (No. 8). He is classed among the Hebrew poets by Gedaliah ibn Yaḥya.

  • Carmoly, Jachia, p. 40.
8. Solomon Cavallero:

Lived at Salonica about 1515; corresponded with Elijah Mizraḥi and with Tam (Jacob) ibn Yaḥya (Conforte, l.c. pp. 33a et seq). It was for him, or for a contemporary mathematician of the same name living at Salonica, that Ephraim Mizraḥi translated into Hebrew Georg Peurbach's "Theorica Planctarum" under the title "Ṭioriḳa ha-Niḳra' Mahalak ha-Kokabim."

  • Steinschneider, Hebr. Uebers. p. 640.
L. G. M. K.
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