German Christian theologian and Orientalist; born Nov. 26, 1660, in Danzig; died May 25, 1741, in Berlin. After spending some time as a wandering scholar in the universities of Holland and England, he settled in Lissa in 1686, but ultimately removed to Berlin, where he became a member of the Academy of Sciences in1700. He established there a Hebrew printing-press, from which he issued a text of the Old Testament (1699) based upon Leusden's (that is, Athias') of 1667; several prayer-books; and an edition of the Babylonian Talmud in twelve volumes (1715-21). An attempt to produce a second edition of the Talmud led him into pecuniary difficulties.

  • Allgemeine Deutsche Biographie.
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