Periodical published in Frankfort-on-the-Main and subsequently in Hanover. Founded in Oct., 1854, it was issued as a monthly by Samson Raphael Hirsch up to 1870. From 1882 till 1886 his son Isaac Hirsch published it as a weekly. It was then merged into "Der Israelit." Its theological position was ultra-Orthodox.

G. A. M. F.
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