Teacher of the second century (second and third tannaitic periods); disciple of Joshua b. Hananiah and colleague of Eleazar b. Ḥiṣma (Tosef., Soṭah, vii. 9; Ḥag. 3a). He maintained a scholarly intercourse with Johanan b. Nuri. Quite a considerable number of halakot has been handed down in his name, and many of them, particularly those concerning marital and civil affairs, were adopted as law ('Er. viii. 2; B. Ḳ. x. 2; B. B. viii. 5; Kelim, xvii. 11). He is also cited in the Haggadah. According to him, the saying (Gen. i. 28), "Be fruitful, and multiply, and replenish the earth," implies that the duty of racial propagation devolves upon woman as well as upon man (Yeb. vi. 6). He taught that whoever profanes the name of God, even secretly, is punished publicly, whether the deed is committed intentionally or unintentionally (Ab. iv. 4; Ab. R. N., ed. Schechter, p. 35a).

  • Bacher, Ag. Tan. i. 448;
  • Brüll, Mebo ha-Mishnah, i. 137;
  • Frankel, Darke ha-Mishnah, p. 131;
  • Weiss, Dor, ii. 122.
S. S. S. M.
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