A people and country subject to the Assyrian empire. In II Kings xvi. 9 and Amos i. 5, ix. 7, Kir is mentioned as the place whither the Syrians went before they settled in the regions north of Palestine, and to which Tiglath-pileser sent the prisoners after the conquest of Damascus. In Isa. xxii. 6 Kir is mentioned in connection with Elam: "And Elam bare the quiver with chariots of men and horsemen, and Kir uncovered the shield." The Septuagint translates the last clause συναγωγή παρατάξηως, omitting "Kir" altogether and taking for , hence συναγωγή. Hitherto it has not been possible to identify the place.

E. G. H. B. P.
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