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The unedited full-text of the 1906 Jewish Encyclopedia
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Isidore Singer, Ph.D.

MANAGING EDITOR, New York City.

Contributions:
SCHAPIRA, HERMANN – Russian mathematician; born in 1840 at Erswilken, near Tauroggen, a small town in Lithuania; died at Cologne May 8, 1898, Educated for the rabbinate, he had been appointed to a rabbinical position at the age of twenty-four, when...
SCHEFFTEL, SIMON BARUCH – German Hebraist; born June 14, 1813, at Breslau; died March 9, 1885. In 1848 he settled as a merchant at Posen. After his retirement from business, in 1871, he prepared a large Hebrew commentary on the Targum Onḳelos, which was...
SCHEID, ELIE – French communal worker and writer; born at Hagenau, Alsace, Oct. 24, 1841. After he had graduated from college, the impairment of his voice compelled him to give up his plan of preparing himself for a rabbinical career, and he...
SCHENK, LEOPOLD – Austrian embryologist; born at Urmény, Comitat Neutra, Hungary, Aug. 23, 1840; died at Schwanberg, Styria, Aug. 18, 1902. Having studied at the University of Vienna (M.D. 1865), he was for the following eight years assistant at...
SCHERSCHEWSKI, ẒEBI HIRSCH HA-KOHEN – Russian Hebrew writer; born at Pinsk in 1840. While still a boy he studied Hebrew grammar and archeology without a teacher. After serving as secretary of the Jewish community of Pinsk, he went to the Crimea, where, at Melitopol,...
SCHEY, PHILIPP, BARON VON KOROMLA – Hungarian merchant and philanthropist; born at Güns (Köszeg) Sept. 20, 1798; died at Baden, near Vienna, June 28, 1881. He was the first Jew in Hungary to be made an Austrian noble. In his patent of nobility, granted May 13,...
SCHIFF – Family of Frankfort-on-the-Main, Germany. The earliest known member, Jacob Kohen Ẓedeḳ Schiff, who is mentioned on the tombstone of his son, Uri Phoebus, as having discharged the function of dayyan at Frankfort-on-the-Main, must...
SCHIFF – Family of Frankfort-on-the-Main, Germany. The earliest known member, Jacob Kohen Ẓedeḳ Schiff, who is mentioned on the tombstone of his son, Uri Phoebus, as having discharged the function of dayyan at Frankfort-on-the-Main, must...
SCHIFF, EMIL – Austrian journalist; born in Raudnitz, Bohemia, May 30, 1849; died in Berlin Jan. 23, 1899. Schiff was the son of a petty merchant, and became a pupil at the Jewish public school in his native town and at the German gymnasium in...
SCHIFF, JOSEF – Austrian stenographer; born Feb. 25, 1848, at Ragendorf, Hungary. In 1874 he was appointed teacher of stenography at the Vienna Academy of Agriculture, and in 1898 lecturer on Gabelsberg's system of stenography at the University...
SCHIFFERS, EMANUEL – Russian chess master; born of German parents at St. Petersburg May 4, 1850; died there Dec. 12, 1904. He was educated at the gymnasium of his native city, studying in the classical, physical, and mathematical faculties. In 1871...
SCHILL, SOLOMON – Hungarian philologist; born Oct. 14, 1849, in Budapest. He studied at Raab, Budapest, and Vienna; obtained his diploma as a teacher; and was appointed, in 1874, professor at the gymnasium at Arad. In 1878 he became professor of...
SCHILLER, ARMAND – French journalist; born at Saint-Mandé (Seine) Aug. 7, 1857. He studied at the Lycée Condorcet, and, after receiving his dipoma as "licencié en droit" from the faculty of Paris, entered his father's printing establishment. At...
SCHLESINGER, HERMAN – German physician; born at Adelebsen, Hanover, April 1, 1856. He was graduated an M. D. at Göttingen in the year 1879 and from the same university he also received a prize for a capable treatise entitled "Experimentelle...
SCHLESINGER, JOSEF – Austrian mathematician; born at Mährisch-Schönberg Dec. 31, 1831. The son of very poor parents, he had to earn a livelihood even as a mere boy. In 1858 he graduated from the Polytechnic Institute in Vienna, at which institution...
SCHLESINGER, LUDWIG – Hungarian mathematician; born at Tyrnau (Nagyszombat) Nov. 1, 1864; educated at the Realschule, Presburg, and at the universities of Heidelberg and Berlin (Ph. D. 1887). In 1889 he became privat-docent at the University of...
SCHLESINGER, SIGMUND – Austrian writer; born at Vienna 1811; educated at the Schottengymnasium and the University of Vienna (M. D. 1835). He published in 1828 in the "Sammler" a poem on Ludwig Devrient, and wrote in 1831 a drama on the marriage of the...
SCHLESINGER, WILHELM S. – Austrian physician; born at Tinnye, Hungary, 1839. Educated at the University of Vienna (M.D. 1864), he established himself in the Austrian capital, receiving the "venia legendi" in gynecology from his alma mater in 1874.In 1878...
SCHLETTSTADT – Town in Alsace, about 27 miles south-southwest of Strasburg. In the year 1349, under Emperor Charles IV., its Jewish inhabitants suffered during the general persecution of Jews throughout Germany. They were expelled from the...
SCHMELKES, GOTTFRIED S. – Austrian physician; born at Prague Sept. 22, 1807; died at Interlaken, Switzerland, Oct. 28, 1870. Educated at the universities of Prague and Vienna (M. D. 1837), he became in 1838 physician to the Jewish hospital at Töplitz...
SCHMIEDL, ADOLF – Austrian rabbi and scholar; born at Prossnitz, Moravia, Jan. 26, 1821. He held the office of rabbi at Gewitsch, Moravia, from 1846 to 1849, during which time he contributed to the journals "Kokebe Yiẓḥaḳ" and "Der Orient." In...
SCHNABEL, ISIDOR – Austrian physician; born at Neubidschow, Bohemia, Nov. 14, 1842. Educated at the University of Vienna (M.D. 1865), he became there assistant in the ophthalmological clinic and established himself as privat-docent. He was elected...
SCHNITZLER, JOHANN – Austrian laryngologist; born at Nagy-Kanizsa, Hungary, April 10, 1835; died at Vienna May 2, 1893. Educated at the University of Vienna (M.D. 1860), he became assistant at the general hospital (Allgemeines Krankenhaus) under...
SFORNO – Italian family, many members of which distinguished themselves as rabbis and scholars. The most prominent of these were the following:Hananeel ben Jacob Sforno: Talmudist; lived at Bologna in the fifteenth and sixteenth...
SCHÖNFELD, BARUCH – Hungarian Hebraist; born at Szenicz 1778; died at Budapest Dec. 29, 1852. He was a teacher in several towns of Hungary and Moravia, and was the author of the following works: "Ẓeror Peraḥim" (Vienna, 1814), essays in prose and...