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The unedited full-text of the 1906 Jewish Encyclopedia
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Isidore Singer, Ph.D.

MANAGING EDITOR, New York City.

Contributions:
SÉE – A family of Alsatian origin whose most important members are:Abraham Adolphe Sée: French barrister; born in Colmar, Alsace, 1819; died in Paris Feb. 26, 1905; brother of Marc Sée and Gustave Sée. He was educated in his native...
SÉE – A family of Alsatian origin whose most important members are:Abraham Adolphe Sée: French barrister; born in Colmar, Alsace, 1819; died in Paris Feb. 26, 1905; brother of Marc Sée and Gustave Sée. He was educated in his native...
SÉE – A family of Alsatian origin whose most important members are:Abraham Adolphe Sée: French barrister; born in Colmar, Alsace, 1819; died in Paris Feb. 26, 1905; brother of Marc Sée and Gustave Sée. He was educated in his native...
SÉE – A family of Alsatian origin whose most important members are:Abraham Adolphe Sée: French barrister; born in Colmar, Alsace, 1819; died in Paris Feb. 26, 1905; brother of Marc Sée and Gustave Sée. He was educated in his native...
SEEGEN, JOSEF – Austrian balneologist; born at Polna May 20, 1822. He studied medicine at Prague and Vienna (M.D. 1847), becoming privat-docent at Vienna in 1854 and assistant professor in 1859. From 1854 to 1884 he practised during the summer...
SEESEN – Town in the Harz Mountains, where in the fall of 1801 Israel Jacobson founded the school which was called after him (See Jacobson, Israel). The institution received large endowments from the founder and his descendants, and from...
SEGOVIA – In the Fourteenth Century. City of Spain in Old Castile; situated between Burgos, Toledo, and Avila. When conquered by Alfonso VI. it already had a considerable Jewish community, which in 1294 paid 10,806 maravedis in taxes. In...
SEIBERLING, JOSEPH – Russian educator, censor, and communal worker; born in Wilna; died at an advanced age after 1882. His father, Isaac Markusewich, was one of the few Jewish physicians who graduated from the university which existed in Wilna from...
SELIGMANN, FRANZ ROMEO – Austrian physician and Persian scholar; born at Nikolsburg June 30, 1808; died at Vienna Sept. 15, 1892. Educated at the gymnasium and University of Vienna (M.D. 1830), he became privat-docent at his alma mater in 1833. From...
SELIGMANN, LEOPOLD, RITTER VON – Austrian army surgeon; born at Nikolsburg Jan. 18, 1815; brother of Franz Romeo Seligmann. He received his education at the gymnasium of his native town and at the University of Vienna, taking the medico-surgical course at the...
SEMINAIRE ISRAELITE DE FRANCE – French rabbinical school. On Jan. 23, 1704, Abraham Schwab and Agathe, his wife, founded a yeshibah at Metz; and on Nov. 12, 1705, there was executed before a notary public a deed of trust, a copy of which is still preserved in...
SENATOR, HERMAN – German clinicist and medical author; born at Gnesen, province of Posen, Prussia, Dec. 6, 1834; M.D. Berlin, 1857. During his medical course he was for a year and a half amanuensis to the physiologist Müller. He established...
SENIOR, PHOEBUS BEN JACOB ABIGDOR – Talmudic scholar and author; lived in thefirst half of the eighteenth century. He wrote a commentary on the six orders of the Mishnah, entitled "Melo Kaf Naḥat," in which he collected explanations from Rashi, Maimonides,...
SENLIS – Chief town of an arrondissement of the department of the Oise, France, and a noted health and pleasure resort. It possessed Jewish inhabitants apparently as early as the twelfth century; for Odon, Bishop of Cambrai from 1105 to...
SENS – Chief town of an arrondissement of the department of the Yonne, France. Jews were among its inhabitants as early as the sixth century, residing in the Rues de la Juiverie, de la Petite-Juiverie, and de la Synagogue, and having...
SEPHARDIM – Descendants of the Jews who were expelled from Spain and Portugal and who settled in southern France, Italy, North Africa, Turkey, Asia Minor, Holland, England, North and South America, Germany, Denmark, Austria, and Hungary....
SERVI, FLAMINIO EPHRAIM – Italian rabbi; born at Pitigliano, Tuscany, Dec. 24, 1841; died at Casale-Monferrato Jan. 23, 1904. He received his education in his native town, at Padua, and at the rabbinical school and the University of Florence. He became...
SHALOM BEN JOSEPH SHABBEZI (Salim al-Shibzi) – Yemenite poet and cabalist; flourished toward the end of the seventeenth century at Ṭa'iz, a city ten days' journey south of Sanaa. He was a weaver by trade, but occupied himself also with cabalistic literature, especially the...
SHANGI – Turkish family many members of which distinguished themselves as rabbis and scholars.Astruc ben David Shangi: Rabbi at Sofia, Bulgaria; died at Jerusalem at the beginning of the seventeenth century. A halakic decision of his is...
SHAPIRA, M. W. – Polish purveyor of spurious antiquities; born about 1830; committed suicide at Rotterdam March 11, 1884. He appears to have been converted to Christianity at an early age, and to have then gone to Palestine, where he opened a...
SHEBA' ḲEHILLOT – Designation of the following seven populous Jewish communities in the counties of Oedenburg (Sopron) and Wieselburg (Mosony), Hungary: (1) Eisenstadt (Hungarian, Kis-Marton); (2) Deutsch-Kreutz (Német-Keresztur; Judæo-German, );...
SHEMANA (SEMANA) – Scholarly and prominent family of Tunis.Samuel b. Joseph Shemana: Rabbi of Tunis, whose family subsequently settled at Susa. He wrote "Ḳeren Ẓebi" (Leghorn, 1835), a commentary on the "Sefer Ḳarnayim" of Aaron of Cardena.Solomon...
SHETADLAN – Representative of the Jewish community in Germany during the Middle Ages, and in Russia almost to the present day. When the government issued a decree against the Jews of any particular locality, the latter would send their...
SHKLOV – Town in the government of Moghilef, Russia; situated on the right bank of the Dnieper. Jews settled there at an early period,probably in the beginning of the sixteenth century. Its location on the boundary-line between Russia...
SHKLOVSKI, ISAAC VLADIMIROVICH – Russian journalist; born at Yelisavetgrad in 1865. He was educated at the gymnasium of his native town, and at the age of sixteen began to contribute poems and prose articles to South-Russian periodicals. In 1886 he was charged...