JewishEncyclopedia.com

The unedited full-text of the 1906 Jewish Encyclopedia
- Phrase search: "names of god"
- Exclude terms: "names of god" -zerah
- Volume/Page: v9 p419
- Diacritics optional: Ḥanukkah or hanukkah
- Search by Author: altruism author:Hirsch
search tips & recommendations

Isidore Singer, Ph.D.

MANAGING EDITOR, New York City.

Contributions:
SOFER, ḤAYYIM BEN MORDECAI EPHRAIM FISCHL – Hungarian rabbi; born at Presburg Sept. 29, 1821; died at Pesth June 28, 1886. He studied at Presburg and at Ungvar, where he attended the celebrated yeshibot of Ḥatam Sofer and Meïr Ash (Meïr Eisenstädter). In 1844 he went to...
SOKOLOW, NAHUM B. JOSEPH SAMUEL – Russian journalist; born in Wishograd, government of Plock, Russian Poland, Jan. 10, 1859. His father, a descendant of Nathan Shapira, author of "Megalleh 'Amuḳḳot," removed to Plock about 1865, where Nahum received the usual...
SOLDI, EMILE-ARTHUR – French engraver, sculptor, and writer on art; born at Paris May 27, 1846; son of David Soldi, a professor of modern languages and a native of Denmark. In 1869 Emile Soldi was awarded the Grand Prix at Rome for medal-engraving....
SOLOMON BEN ABRAHAM IBN DAUD – Physician and translator. According to Kaufmann and Gross, Solomon belonged to the family of the Spanish translator Abraham ben David ha-Levi of Toledo. Solomon translated, under the title of "Miklol," Averroes' medical work...
SOLOMON BEN ABRAHAM BEN JEHIEL – Italian rabbi; flourished at Rome in the eleventh century; nephew of Nathan b. Jehiel, the author of the "'Aruk." About a quarter of a century after Nathan's death Solomon was a member of the rabbinate of Rome, of which he was...
SOLOMON THE EGYPTIAN – Physician in ordinary to the Byzantine emperor Emanuel Comnenus; lived at Constantinople in the second half of the twelfth century. According to Benjamin of Tudela, who visited that city in 1176, Solomon was highly esteemed by...
SOLOMON BEN JOSEPH IBN AYYUB OF GRANADA – Spanish physician; lived at Béziers in the middle of the thirteenth century. He translated into Hebrew from the Arabic, at the request of some notables of Béziers, the following works; the "Sefer ha-Miẓwot" of Maimonides...
SOLOMON BEN JUDAH OF LUNEL – Provençal philosopher; born in 1411. His Provençalname was Solomon Vives. When he was only thirteen years of age he composed, under the direction of his master, Frat Maimon, a commentary on the "Cuzari" of Judah ha-Levi. This...
SOLOMON BEN MOSES OF MELGUEIL – French philosophical writer and translator of the thirteenth century. The supposition that Solomon was a native of Melgueil, or Melgueir, the present Mauguio, is based on the fact that "Melgueiri"( ) is always a part of the...
SOLOMON SHALEM B. ḤAYYIM JEHIEL COHEN – Rabbi in the second half of the eighteenth century; died at Amsterdam 1781. He resided successively at Adrianople, Bologna, Sofia, and Amsterdam, in which last-named city he officiated as rabbi of the Portuguese community. He...
SOLOMON DE VESOUL – Son of Manessier de Vesoul, who died in 1375 or 1378. By a decree of Charles V., the Wise, he was appointed clerk and tax-gatherer for the Jews of France (Aug. 9, 1378). Like his father and brothers, Solomon was in high favor at...
SOLOMON IBN ẒAḲBEL – Spanish poet of the twelfth century; relative of Abu Omar Joseph ibn Sahl, who died in 1124. Solomon was the author of a satirical romance written in the form of the Arabic "Maḳamat" of Abu al-Ḳasim Mohammed al-Ḥarizi, which...
SONNEMANN, LEOPOLD – German journalist; born at Höchberg, Lower Franconia; Oct. 29, 1831. After having acquired considerable wealth as a merchant, he founded in 1856 the "Frankfurter Zeitung," a newspaper published in Frankfort-on-the-Main; it soon...
SONNENFELD, SIGISMUND – Hungarian journalist; born at Vagujhely, Hungary, Oct. 1, 1847. He received his education in his native town, at the gymnasia at Prague and Presburg, and at the University of Budapest (Ph.D. 1870). In the year of his graduation...
SONNENFELS – Austrian family of scholars and writers, descendants of Wurzbach Lipmann, members of which became prominent during the eighteenth century.Perlin Lipmann Sonnenfels: Austrian scholar; son of Wurzbach Lipmann, chief rabbi of...
SONNENTHAL, ADOLF RITTER VON – Austrian actor; born at Budapest Dec. 21, 1834. He was the son of humble parents, and spent his boyhood as a tailor's apprentice, working at his trade until his sixteenth year, when he went to Vienna to better his condition. On...
SONNINO, SIDNEY, BARON – Italian politician; born at Alexandria, Egypt, in 1849. His father was a Jewish emigrant from Leghorn, and his mother an English Protestant. He grew up in Florence among a circle of kindred spirits including such men as the...
SORANI, UGO – Italian jurist and deputy; born at Pitigliano May 4, 1850. He studied law in his native town and in Mondavi, Leghorn, and Pisa, graduating from the university of the last-named city in 1872. He then established himself as a...
SPALATO (SPALATRO) – Commercial port of Dalmatia, and a city of note since the days of the Roman empire. Its earliest Hebrew inhabitants were immigrants from the Turkish provinces of Servia and Rumania; but many years passed before a Jewish...
SPANIER, MEYER – German educationist and writer; born at Wunstorf, Hanover, Nov. 1, 1864; studied philosophy and Germanic philology at Heidelberg (Ph. D. 1894). For some years he acted as teacher in various schools in Altona and Hamburg, and in...
SPERLING, JACOB HIRSCH – Austrian teacher of religion at the Jewish school and the German gymnasium in Lemberg, where he was born in 1837; died Dec., 1899. He supported the Haskalah movement in Galicia and was a gifted Neo-Hebrew poet. He has been...
SPEYER, JACOB SAMUEL – Dutch philologist; born at Amsterdam Dec. 20, 1849. He studied at Amsterdam and at Leyden (Ph.D. 1872); and thereafter officiated as teacher at Hoorn and (1873-1888) at the gymnasium of Amsterdam. On Oct. 15, 1877, he was...
SPINA (ESPINA), ALFONSO DE – One of the most inveterate enemies of the Jews and of Judaism—to which he never belonged, despite the assertions of Jost and of Amador de los Rios. He was general of the Order of Franciscans, rector of the University of...
STAUB, HERMANN – German jurist; born at Nikolai, Upper Silesia, March 21, 1856. After having studied for some time at the gymnasium at Beuthen he attended the universities of Breslau, Berlin, and Leipsic, graduating from the last-named...
SPITZER, FRIEDRICH (SAMUEL) – French art collector and dealer; born in Presburg 1814; died in Paris 1890. He was the son of the official grave-digger of the community and went penniless to Vienna. In 1848 he accompanied the Austrian army to Italy, and upon...