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The unedited full-text of the 1906 Jewish Encyclopedia
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Isidore Singer, Ph.D.

MANAGING EDITOR, New York City.

Contributions:
SPITZER, SAMUEL – Hungarian rabbi; born in 1839 at Keszthely, where his father was rabbi; died in 1896; a descendant of Yom-Ṭob Lipmann Heller. He studied at Prague, and became rabbi at Esseg in 1856. He was generally recognized as an authority...
SPITZER, SIGMUND – Austrian physician; born at Nikolsburg, Moravia, 1813; died at Vienna 1894. Two years after receiving his degree of doctor of medicine from the University of Vienna he accepted a professorship in anatomy at the medical school of...
SPITZER, SIMON – Austrian mathematician; born at Vienna Feb. 3, 1826; died there April 2, 1887. He studied mathematics at the University of Vienna, was graduated in 1850, and became in 1851 privat-docent at the Vienna polytechnic institute. In...
STAHL, FRIEDRICH JULIUS – German jurist and publicist; born at Munich Jan. 16, 1802; died at Brückenau Aug. 10, 1861. In his eighteenth year he took the examination for the position of teacher at the Munich gymnasium, but was confronted by the usual...
STEIN, PHILIPP – German author; born Dec. 3, 1853, at Königsberg. In 1864 his parents removed with him to Berlin. The death of his father there prevented him from continuing his studies, and he became a bookseller. After having worked for some...
STAHL, WILHELM – German economist; born at Munich June 2, 1812; died at Giessen March 19, 1873. While still very young he lost both parents, and was cared for in the house of a well-known philologist, Döderlein, in Erlangen, after his brother,...
STEIN, ABRAHAM – German rabbi; born at Wanfried, Prussia, Jan. 13, 1818; died at Prague Sept. 18, 1884; studied at the Teachers' Seminary of Cassel (1832-34) and at the University of Berlin (Ph. D. 1844). He was principal of the seminary of...
STEIN, LEOPOLD – German rabbi; born in Burgpreppach Nov. 3, 1810; died at Frankfort-on-the-Main Dec. 2, 1882. After finishing his earlier education at Erlangen and Bayreuth, he attended (1830) the University of Würzburg. In 1833 he delivered his...
STEIN, LUDWIG – Hungarian philosopher; born at Erdö-Benye, Hungary, Nov. 12, 1859; educated at the gymnasia of Papa, Saros-Potak, and Zwolle, at the universities of Berlin and Halle (Ph.D. 1880), and at the Jewish Theological Seminary of Berlin...
STEIN, MARC AUREL – Hungarian Orientalist and archeologist; born at Budapest in 1862; educated at Vienna, Tübingen, Oxford, and London. In 1888 he was appointed registrar of the Punjab University at Lahore, and principal of the Oriental College in...
STEINER, KILIAN VON – German financier; born at Laupheim in 1835; died at Stuttgart Sept. 24, 1903. At first attorney at law, he rose to the leadership of Württemberg finance as president of the Württemberg'sche Vereinsbank. He was also founder...
STEIN-AM-ANGER – Town in Hungary. Although now one of the largest and most important in the country, the Jewish community of Stein-am-Anger is of comparatively recent origin. In 1567 Emperor Maximilian II. granted to the town the privilege of...
STEINBACH, EMIL – Austrian statesman; born at Vienna June 11, 1846. After graduating from the Vienna University (LL.D.) he established himself as a lawyer, becoming soon afterward attachedto the Ministry of Commerce. From February, 1891, to...
STEINBACH, JOSEF – Austrian physician; born at Fünfkirchen, Hungary, Jan. 3, 1850. Educated at the gymnasium of his native town and at the University of Vienna (M.D. 1875), he acted for a short time as assistant physician at the university...
STEINBERG, SAMUEL – Hungarian historian; born at Güssing, Hungary, Dec. 16, 1857. He received his education at Gratz (Ph.D. 1882; LL.D. 1894), and in 1895 became privat-docent at the University of Vienna. In 1901 he was appointed professor of...
STEINDORFF, GEORG – German Egyptologist; born at Dessau Nov. 12, 1861. He studied Oriental languages at Leipsic and Berlin, was appointed privat-docent at the university of the latter city, and succeeded in 1893 his teacher Georg Ebers as professor...
STEINHARDT, MENDEL – German rabbi and scholar of the eighteenth and nineteenth centuries; held the rabbinate of Minden. When the consistory of Westphalia was convened in 1807 he was elected its counselor. In defense of Israel Jacobson's advocacy of...
STEINHEIM, SOLOMON LUDWIG (LEVY) – German physician, poet, and philosopher; born Aug. 6, 1789, in Altona (according to some authorities, in Bruchhausen, Westphalia); died May 19, 1866, at Zurich, Switzerland. He was educated first at the Christianeum, Altona, and...
STEINITZ, CLARA – German authoress; born at Kobylin April 16, 1852. She was educated at Halle-on-the-Saale, and in 1873 married Siegfried Heinrich Steinitz. She has published the following novels: "Des Volkes Tochter," 1878; "Die Hässliche,"...
STEINITZ, WILHELM – Chess champion of the world from 1866 to 1894; born at Prague, Bohemia, May 17, 1836; died, insane, on Wards Island, New York, June 22, 1900. Destined for the rabbinate, he studied Talmud diligently, but his fondness for...
STEINSCHNEIDER, MORITZ – Austrian bibliographer and Orientalist; born at Prossnitz, Moravia, March 30, 1816. He received his early instruction in Hebrew from his father, Jacob Steinschneider (b. 1782; d. March, 1856), who was not only an expert...
STEINTHAL, HERMANN (HEYMAN) – German philologist and philosopher; born at Gröbzig, Anhalt, May 16, 1823; died at Berlin March 14, 1899. He studied philology and philosophy at the University of Berlin, and was in 1850 appointed privat-docent of philology and...
STEINTHAL, MORITZ – German physician; born at Stendal Oct. 22, 1798; died at Berlin May 8, 1892. He studied at the University of Berlin (M. D. 1821), and, after traveling throughout the Continent and England for two years, established himself as a...
STERN, ADOLF – German poet and historian of literature; born at Leipsic June 14, 1835. He studied philosophy and history at Leipsic and Jena, and resided from 1853 to 1865 in Weimar, Chemnitz, Zittau, and Schandau, finally settling in Dresden,...
STERN (SZTERÉNYI), ALBERT – Hungarian rabbi; born at Nagy-Kanizsa in 1826; died in the insane asylum at Ofen June 16, 1888; educated at Presburg and Ofen. Stern, who was the son-in-law of Rabbi Hirsch Bär Fassel, officiated as rabbi at Lengyeltoti from...