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Isidore Singer, Ph.D.

MANAGING EDITOR, New York City.

Contributions:
STYRIA – Indications of Early Jewish Settlements. Austrian province. The first documentary mention of Jews in Styria occurs in connection with the village of Judenburg under date of 1075 (Peinlich, "Judenburg und das Heilige...
STRAUSS, CHARLES – French jurist and politician; born at Gundershoffen, Lower Alsace, Oct. 14, 1834. He was graduated from the law school of Paris in 1874, and in the same year established himself as an attorney at the Court of Appeals in Paris....
STRAUSS, PAUL – French senator; born at Rongchamp, Haute-Saône, Sept. 23, 1852. He studied at Paris, and was graduated from the Faculty of Medicine. In 1876 he entered the field of political journalism, becoming a regular contributor to...
STRICKER, SALOMON – Austrian pathologist; born at Waag-Neustadt, Hungary, 1834; died at Vienna April 2, 1898. He received his education at the University of Vienna, studying first law, and later medicine (M.D. 1858). In 1859 he joined the staff of...
STRUCK, HERMANN – German painter; born at Berlin March 6, 1876. He was originally destined for a rabbinical career, but soon showed marked talent for drawing and painting, whereupon he entered the Berlin Academy of Fine Arts, where he studied for...
STUDENZKI, MOSES – Polish physician; born in the early part of the nineteenth century at Zbarasz, Galicia, where his father, Aaron Polak, was rabbi; died at Warsaw about 1876. Until he was fourteen Studenzki studied Hebrew and Talmud under his...
STUHLWEISSENBURG – Sixteenth and Seventeenth Centuries. Coronation city of the Hungarian kings from the time of St. Stephen to 1527. As early as the fourteenth century it contained the most influential Jewish community of Hungary; and because of...
STUTTGART – German city, and capital of the kingdom of Württemberg. The first historical mention of Stuttgart dates from the administration of Eberhard the Illustrious (1265-1325, and to a somewhat later period belongs the earliest mention...
SULAMITH – First Jewish monthly magazine in the German language, its subtitle being "Eine Zeitschrift für Beförderung der Kultur und Humanität Unter der Jüdischen Nation." The first volume appeared in Leipsic, July, 1806, and was edited by...
SULZER, SALOMON – Austrian cantor and composer; born at Hohenems, Tyrol, March 30, 1804; died at Vienna Jan. 17, 1890. His family, which prior to 1813 bore the name of Loewy, removed to Hohenems from Sulz in 1748. He was educated for the...
SÜSSKIND (SUEZKINT) OF TRIMBERG – German minnesinger; flourished in the second half of the thirteenth century, or, according to Graetz, about 1200. He is called after his birthplace Trimberg, a town with a castle of the same name, in Franconia, near Würzburg....
SUSSMANN, LÖB BEN MOSES – Printer of the eighteenth century. In 1750 he established a Hebrew press in the printing-office of Johann Jansen in Amsterdam, and Baruch ben Eliezer Lippmann Wiener and his sons Jacob and Ḥayyim worked for him. A few years...
SUTRO, ABRAHAM – German rabbi; born at Brück, near Erlangen, July 5, 1784; died at Münster Oct. 10, 1869. He studied in the yeshibot of Fürth and Prague, and was in 1814 appointed teacher in Reichensachsen by the then existing consistory of...
SVÁB, KARL – Hungarian landed proprietor, and member of the Hungarian Upper House; born at Csongrad in 1829; educated at the real-school of Budapest. In 1846 he began to devote himself to agriculture, but two years later he took part, as...
SZABOLCSI, MAX – Hungarian author; born at Tura Aug. 27, 1857. In his youth he studied Talmud, and for a short time attended the rabbinical seminary at Budapest, later writing for Hebrew periodicals under the pseudonym of "Ibri Anoki," and...
SZANTO (ABAUJ-SZANTO) – Town of Hungary, on the slope of the hills of Tokay. Its Jewish community is one of the oldest in the country. Its age is shown by the two cemeteries, the more modern one of which has been in use since 1780. Its oldest existing...
SZANTO, EMIL – Austrian philologist; born at Vienna Nov. 22, 1857; died there Dec. 14, 1904; son of Simon Szanto. He studied at the University of Vienna (Ph. D.), and in 1884 was appointed privat-docent at his alma mater; in 1893 he became...
SZANTO, SIMON – Hungarian journalist; born at Nagy-Kanizsa, Hungary, Aug. 23, 1819; died in Vienna Jan. 17, 1882. He was a son of Rabbi Meïr Szanto, and when only ten years of age lost both parents. He received his education at the yeshibot at...
SZENES, PHILIP – Hungarian painter; born at Török Szent Miklos in 1864. After studying at the technical school at Budapest, he devoted himself to art, residing for several years successively at Munich, in Italy, and at Paris. In 1895 he was...
SZERENCSÉS (FORTUNATUS), EMERICH – Hungarian deputy treasurer; died Aug., 1526. As a married man he had had illicit intercourse with a Christian woman, and when this became known, in order to escape severe punishment he was forced to embrace Christianity; he was...
SZILASI, MORIZ – Hungarian philologist; born 1854; died at Klausenburg, Hungary, May 15, 1905. He studied philology at Budapest and Leipsic, and was appointed teacher successively at a gymnasium in Budapest and at Eötvös College. In 1902 he was...
SZILI, ADOLF – Hungarian ophthalmologist; born at Budapest in 1848; educated at Vienna (M.D. 1872). In 1874 he went to Budapest, where he became head physician of the ophthalmological department of the Jewish hospital; in 1883 he was appointed...
TÁBÓRI, ROBERT – Hungarian author; born at Almas Nov. 10, 1855; educated at Baja, Budapest, and Vienna. He began his literary career in 1874 as a journalist on the Vienna "Fremdenblatt," later joining the staff of the "Morgenpost." From 1887 to...
TACHAU – City in Bohemia, thirty-three miles west of Pilsen; seat of one of the oldest Jewish communities of the country, as is shown by the remains of an ancient Jewish cemetery. R. Samuel b. Ḥasdai, a contemporary of Isaac Or Zarua' of...
ṬAIṬAZAḲ – Name of a prominent Spanish family, several members of which distinguished themselves as Talmudic authorities. Various opinions have been expressed as to the origin of the name, the exact orthography and signification of which...