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The unedited full-text of the 1906 Jewish Encyclopedia
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Isidore Singer, Ph.D.

MANAGING EDITOR, New York City.

Contributions:
TAL, TOBIAS – Dutch rabbi; born at Amsterdam 1847; died at The Hague Oct. 24, 1898; studied at Dünner's theological seminary (1862-74) and at the University of Utrecht (D.D. 1874). After officiating for a short time as rabbi at Amsterdam, Tal...
TAM, JACOB B. DAVID IBN YAḤYA – Portuguese-Turkish rabbi and physician; born in Portugal in the second half of the fifteenth century;died in Constantinople between 1534 and 1542. His father, David b. Solomon (d. Constantinople, 1504), one of the most prominent...
TAMAR – 1. City mentioned in the vision of Ezekiel (Ezek. xlvii. 19) as one terminus of the southern boundary-line of Canaan, which extended thence through Meriboth-kadesh to the Mediterranean. According to Ezek. xlviii. 28, moreover,...
TAMAR – 1.—Biblical Data: Daughter-in-law of Judah. After the death of her husband, Er, she married his brother Onan; but when he also died, Judah sent her back to her father's house, fearing to let her marry his third son, Shelah. When...
TAMARISK – Tree, several species of which are found in and around Palestine. The Hebrew term for the tamarisk is doubtful. The word , which occurs three times in the Old Testament, is interpreted by modern scholars as meaning "a tamarisk,"...
TAMMUZ – Babylonian deity supposed to be referred to in Ezek. viii. 14. He is regarded as the husband, or sometimes as the son, of the goddess Ishtar, who descended to Hades every year in the fourth month, named after him,and remained...
TÄNZER, AARON – Austrian rabbi; born at Presburg, Hungary, Jan. 30, 1871; studied at the Presburg Rabbinerschule, and Oriental philology and history at the University of Berlin (Ph. D. 1895). In 1896 he was called to Hohenems as chief rabbi of...
TARASCON – City in the department of Bouches-du-Rhône, France. In 1276 King Charles I. intervened in behalf of its Jews against the inquisitors, who had obliged them to enlarge the wheel-shaped badge worn by them, and had extorted large...
TARNOW – Town of Austrian Galicia. An organized community existed there in the middle of the sixteenth century. The Jews were, for the most part, under the jurisdiction of the lords of Tarnow, the city being the hereditary possession of...
TARRASCH, SIEGBERT – German physician and chess-master; born at Breslau March 5, 1862; studied medicine at the universities of Berlin, Halle, and Nuremberg, in which last-named city he engaged in practise as a physician. Tarrasch has been one of the...
TARSHISH – In the genealogical table of the Noachidæ, Tarshish is given as the second son of Javan and is followed by Kittim and Dodanim (Gen. x. 4; I Chron. i. 7). As with all these names, Tarshish denotes a country; in several instances,...
TARTAN – Title of an Assyrian official; twice mentioned in the Bible. A tartan, accompanied by a "rabsaris" and a "rab-shakeh," was sent to Jerusalem by Sennacherib to command Hezekiah to surrender the city (II Kings xviii. 17); and...
TATNAI – Governor of Cœle-Syria under Darius Hystaspes (Ezra v. 3). He was one of those who tried to prevent Zerubbabel and Jeshua from continuing the building of the Temple, and who sent to Darius asking that search be made in the royal...
TAUSIG, CARL – Polish pianist and composer; born at Warsaw [Nov. 4, 1841; died at Leipsic July 17, 1871. He received his early musical education from his father, Aloys T. Tausig (1820-85), who was a pupil of Thalberg and a composer of...
TAUWITZ, EDUARD – German composer; born Jan. 21, 1812, at Glatz; died July 26, 1894, at Prague. While studying law at the University of Breslau he devoted himself to music under the direction of Wolf and Mosovius. At the same time he took charge...
TEDESCHI, MARCO – Italian rabbi and poet; born at Piova, Piedmont, in 1817; died at Triest in1870. He removed to Vercelli with his father (d. 1836), who had been appointed rabbi there; and in 1838 he went to Turin to study under R. Hillel...
TELLER, LEOPOLD – Hungarian actor; born at Budapest April 3, 1844. For a time he studied medicine at the University of Vienna, but in 1862 he went to Laibach, where he joined a theatrical company. During the following ten years he played at small...
TEDESCHI, MOSES ISAAC – Italian translator, Biblical commentator, and teacher; born at Triest June 6, 1821; died there June 17, 1898. He lectured on Biblical exegesis in the Tamud Torah of his native city, and occasionally delivered sermons on holy...
TEDESCO, IGNAZ AMADEUS – Austrian pianist; born at Prague 1817; died at Odessa Nov. 13, 1882; a pupil of Triebensee and Tomaschek at Prague. He made numerous successful concert tours, especially in southern Russia, and settled at Odessa, although he...
TEITELBAUM, MOSES – Austrian Ḥasid; died July 17, 1841. According to Löw, he signed his name Tamar, this being the equivalent of Teitelbaum, which is the Yiddish for Dattelbaum = "palm-tree." He officiated as rabbi, first in Przemysl, and later in...
TEIXEIRA – Noble Portuguese Marano family, originally bearing the surname of Sampayo. In accordance with a decree of King Philip IV. of Spain, its coat of arms—azure, a cross potencée or—was included in the Spanish roll of arms. In the...
TEIXEIRA, PEDRO – Portuguese traveler; born at Lisbon of Marano parents; died about the middle of the seventeenth century either at Verona (according to De Barrios, who is followed by Wolf, Zunz, and others) or at Antwerp (according to Barbosa...
TELCS, EDUARD – Hungarian sculptor; born at Baja May 12, 1872. At the age of twelve he went to Budapest and studied decorative art, but he soon left that city for Vienna, where he was educated for four years in the Allgemeine Bildhauerschule,...
TELESINUS – Jew of Telesia, who lived at Rome about 480. Not only did Pope Gelasius refer to him, in a letter to Bishop Quingesius, as a "vir clarissimus" and his most deserving friend, but he recommended Telesinus' relative Antonius...
TEMERLS, JACOB BEN ELIEZER – German Talmudist and cabalist; born at Worms at the end of the sixteenth century; died at Vienna about 1667. At an early age Temerls went to Poland, and for some years directed a Talmudical school at Lublin. Thence he removed to...