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Gotthard Deutsch, Ph.D.

Professor of Jewish History, Hebrew Union College, Cincinnati, Ohio.

Contributions:
LIPMANN-MÜLHAUSEN, YOM-ṬOB BEN SOLOMON – His Attainments. Austrian controversialist, Talmudist, and cabalist of the fourteenth and fifteenth centuries. According to Bishop Bodecker of Brandenburg, who wrote a refutation of Lipmann's "Niẓẓaḥon," Lipmann lived at Cracow....
LIPPE (Lippe-Detmold) – Small sovereign principality in northwest Germany, with a Jewish population of 750; total population (1895) 123,515. The earliest traces of Jewish settlement in Lippe date back to the beginning of the fourteenth century. The...
LIPPOLD – German physician and financier; born at Prague; lived at Berlin in the sixteenth century. He was in great favor with the elector Joachim II., acting as his financial adviser and as administrator of Jewish affairs. After the...
LIPSCHÜTZ (LÜPSCHÜTZ, LIPSCHITZ, LIBSCHITZ) – Name of a family of Polish and German rabbis; derived from "Liebeschitz," name of a town in Bohemia.Aryeh Löb Lipschütz: Austrian rabbi and author; lived in the second half of the eighteenth and in the first half of the...
LIPSCHÜTZ (LÜPSCHÜTZ, LIPSCHITZ, LIBSCHITZ) – Name of a family of Polish and German rabbis; derived from "Liebeschitz," name of a town in Bohemia.Aryeh Löb Lipschütz: Austrian rabbi and author; lived in the second half of the eighteenth and in the first half of the...
LISBON – Capital of Portugal. It had the largest Jewish community in the country and was the residence of the chief rabbi ("arraby mor"). It had several "Judarias" or Jewish streets, one of them in the part of the city called "de...
LISSA – Town of Prussia. Originally a village, it was incorporated in 1534; and soon afterward the first Jews settled there, with the authorization of Count Andreas Lescynski (1580-1606). Many of these Jewish settlers were probably of...
LÖB, ELIEZER – German rabbi; born at Pfungstadt, grand duchy of Hesse, 1837; died at Altona Jan. 23, 1892. He was educated at the gymnasium of Darmstadt and at the University of Giessen, and received his rabbinical instruction chiefly under...
LÖB JUDAH BEN JOSHUA – Bohemian scholar; lived at Prague in the middle of the seventeenth century. He filled the office of secretary to Simon Spira, chief rabbi of Prague, and he published, under the title "Milḥamah be-Shalom," an account of the siege...
LÖB HA-LEVI OF BRODY – Galician rabbi of the beginning of the nineteenth century; held office first at Podhajce, then at Brody. Among his contemporaries was Ephraim Zalman Margaliot, chief rabbi of Brody, in whose "Bet Efrayim" occurs a responsum of...
LOBATTO, REHUEL – Dutch mathematician; born at Amsterdam June 6, 1797; died at Delft Feb. 9, 1866. He sprang from a Portuguese Marano family which had gone to Holland in 1604. From his mother, a Da Costa, he acquired a complete knowledge of the...
LOM (LOM-PALANK) – Town in Bulgaria, situated at the mouth of the River Lom. It has a population of about 8,000, of which approximately 700 are Jews, chiefly artisans and traders in grain. On March 20, 1904, a riot broke out against the Jews in...
LOMBROSO (LUMBROSO) – Sephardic family, members of which lived in Tunis, Marseilles, and Italy. The two forms of the family name are doubtless due to different readings of the Hebrew .Abram Lumbroso, Baron: Tunisian physician and scientist; born in...
LÖW, BENJAMIN WOLF – Polish-Hungarian rabbi; born in Wodzislaw, government of Kielce, Poland, 1775; died at Verbo, Hungary, March 6, 1851. His father, Eleazar Löw, instructed him in Talmudic literature, and at an early age he became rabbi of a...
LÖW, SAMUEL – Talmudist; son of Naṭe ( = Nathan) ha-Levi; born at Kolin, Bohemia, about 1720; died May 20, 1806, at Boskowitz, Moravia, where for nearly sixty years he had presided over a yeshibah. He wrote: "Maḥaẓit ha-Sheḳel," an extensive...
LÖWE, MOSES SAMUEL (Johann Michael Siegfried Löwe) – German painter and engraver; born at Königsberg, Prussia, June 24, 1756; died there May 10, 1831. Aided by the friendship and influence of the Friedländer family, he had achieved such a reputation by 1780 that the empress...
LÖWENBERG, JULIUS – German geographer; born at Strzelno, Prussia, 1800; died at Berlin Dec. 12, 1893. He was educated in Berlin, where he became acquainted with Alexander von Humboldt, who assisted him in various ways. He wrote: "Afrika" (1835);...
LÖWENSTAMM, SAUL – Rabbi and Talmudist; born at Rzeszow 1717; died at Amsterdam June 19, 1790. He is known as the author of "Binyan Ariel" (Amsterdam, 1778), which title he chose as a pun on "Ben Aryeh." As he tells in the preface, he was...
LÖWENSTEIN, BARUCH SOLOMON – Russian mathematician; born at Wolodarka, Russia, in the second quarter of the nineteenth century. He wrote: "Bikkure ha-Limmudiyyot," explanations of mathematical passages in the works of Abraham ibn Ezra, Moses Maimonides, and...
LÖWENSTEIN, BERNHARD – Austrian rabbi; born at Meseritz, province of Posen, Feb. 1, 1821; died at Lemberg March 15, 1889. Upon the recommendation of Ludwig Philippson he was elected preacher in Szent Miklos, Liptau, Hungary (1845), where he became...
LÖWENSTEIN, L. H. – Hebrew scholar; died at Frankfort-on-the-Main about 1850. He was reviser in the publishing-house of Isaac Lehrberger at Rödelheim, which office was afterward held by Seligman Baer. He published: The Book of Proverbs, edited from...
LÖWI, ISAAC – German rabbi; born at Adelsdorf, near Erlangen, Bavaria, Jan. 31, 1803; died at Fürth Dec. 26, 1873. He received his Talmudical training at the yeshibah of Wolf Hamburger at Fürth, and studied philosophy and philology at the...
LÖWY, JACOB EZEKIEL – German rabbi and author; born at Hotzenplotz, Austrian Silesia, Aug. 24, 1814; died at Beuthen Nov. 20, 1864. After attending various yeshibot in his native country, he became a pupil of Wolf Löw in Nagy Tapolcsany, and then,...
LÜBECK – Free city of Germany; situated on the River Trave, not far from the Baltic Sea; it forms, with the surrounding territory, a free state. In 1900 it had a population of 82,813, including 663 Jews. Like most of the free cities of...
LUTHER, MARTIN – German church reformer; born at Eisleben Nov. 10, 1483; died there Feb. 18, 1546. The Reformation originated in the Renaissance, being due partly to the general critical examination of traditional doctrines, and partly to the...