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Gotthard Deutsch, Ph.D.

Professor of Jewish History, Hebrew Union College, Cincinnati, Ohio.

Contributions:
MONTALTO, FILOTHEO ELIAU (ELIJAH) – Portuguese physician; born at Castello Branco in the middle of the sixteenth century; died at Tours, France, in 1616. According to Kayserling ("Die Juden in Navarra," p. 146), Montalto was a brother of the physician Amatus...
MONTEZINOS, ANTONIO DE (AARON LEVI) – Marano traveler of the seventeenth century. He claimed that while journeying in South America about 1641 near Quito, Ecuador, he met with savages who practised Jewish ceremonies and recited the Shema' and who were of the tribe...
MONZON – Town near Lerida in the ancient kingdom of Aragon, Spain. It had a considerable Jewish community, the members of which were engaged in business, especially money-lending. In 1260 Solomon de Daroca was one of the wealthiest Jews...
MORAVIA – Early Traces. Austrian province, formerly part of the kingdom of Bohemia, containing 44,255 Jews in a total population of 2,437,706 (1900). The first historical notice of Jews in Moravia is found in the toll law of Raffelstetten...
MORDECAI BEN JUDAH (MORDUSCH) – Polish ritualist; lived at Lamkumsh; died 1584. He edited the Maḥzor with the commentary of Abraham Abigdor, to which he added notes of his own (Lublin, 1567); in the same way he edited the latter's seliḥot (Cracow, 1584). Two...
MORDECAI MOKIAḤ – Shabbethaian prophet and false Messiah; born in Alsace about 1650; died at Presburg May 18, 1729. The death of Shabbethai Ẓebi (1676) seems to have encouraged his followers, who claimed that he had returned to his heavenly abode...
MORDO, LAZARE – Physician and honorary rabbi of Corfu; born 1744; died 1823; studied at Venice and Padua. In 1814 he was appointed chief physician of the island of Corfu, and he was esteemed both by the government and by the entire population...
MORENO (MORENU) – According to the interpretation of Moses ibn Ḥabib, a proper name, which was adopted as a family name by Spanish-Portuguese Jews. It frequently occurs in connection with "Paz," "Shalom," and "Henriquez." Families bearing this...
MOROCCO – Traditions of Early Settlement. Sultanate in northwestern Africa. In antiquity it formed a considerable part of Mauritania. The latter was originally an independent kingdom, but in the year 42 of the common era it was made a...
MORTARA CASE – A case of forcible abduction in which a child named Edgar Mortara was violently removed from the custody of his parents by papal guards in Bologna on June 23, 1858. The details of the case, which created a sensation in both...
MORTARA, MARCO – Marco Mortara.Italian rabbi and scholar; born at Viadana May 7, 1815; died at Mantua Feb. 2, 1894. Having graduated from the rabbinical college of Padua in 1836, he was called as rabbi to Mantua in 1842, and occupied this...
MORTEIRA (MORTERA), SAUL LEVI – Dutch rabbi of Portuguese descent; born about 1596 at Venice; died at Amsterdam Feb. 10, 1660. In a Spanish poem Daniel Levi de Barrios speaks of him as being a native of Germany ("de Alemania natural"). When in 1616 Morteira...
MOSES BEN AARON – Moravian and German rabbi; born at Lemberg about 1705; died at Nikolsburg, Moravia, Dec. 28, 1757. After having studied in the yeshibah of Nikolsburg, Moses, then a youth of twenty, was appointed rabbi of Leipnik, Moravia. A few...
MOSES BEN ISAAC – Austrian author; lived at Bisenz, Moravia, in the latter half of the sixteenth century. He was the author of: "Darash Mosheh" (Cracow, 1595), explanation of 256 quaint Talmudical haggadot in "'En Ya'aḳob," published by Isaac...
MOSES, ISAAC S. – American rabbi; born Dec. 8, 1847, at Santomischel, Posen. He was educated at Santomischel, Gleiwitz, and Breslau. The rabbinical diploma was conferred upon him by R. Salomon Rosenthal (Jaroczyn) and Dr. Bernhard Felsenthal...
MOSES ISRAEL – Oriental rabbi; born at Jerusalem in the latter half of the seventeenth century; died at Alexandria about 1740. Sent out to collect alms for the poor of Safed (c. 1710), he visited Rhodes, where the congregation elected him...
MOSES BEN ISSACHAR – Rabbi at Aussee, Moravia, in the second half of the seventeenth century; nephew of Mordecai Jaffe. He wrote: "Holek be-Derek Tamim" (Frankfort-on-the-Oder, 1680), an explanation of Ps. cxix., and "Pene Mosheh" (Lublin, 1681), a...
MOSES HA-LEVI HA-NAZIR – Palestinian rabbi of the seventeenth century. He was the father of Joseph ha-Levi and son-in-law of the Talmudist Abraham ibn Hananiah, rabbi of Hebron and pupil of Joseph di Trani. Moses ha-Nazir is known through responsa...
MOSES BEN MENAHEM (PRÄGER) – Cabalist of Prague; disciple of R. David Oppenheim; lived in the seventeenth and eighteenth centuries. He wrote: "Wa-Yaḳhel Mosheh," cabalistic treatises on various passages of the Zohar, with a double commentary ("Masweh...
MOSES (LEVI) B. SOLOMON OF BEAUCAIRE – French writer; lived at Salon in the early part of the fourteenth century. He was the teacher of Kalonymus b. Kalonymus of Arles, who called him "the learned scholar," "the ornament of sages." He translated into Hebrew Averroes'...
MOSES URI B. JOSEPH HA-LEVI – Rabbi at Emden and one of the founders of the Spanish-Portuguese community at Amsterdam; born 1544, probably at Wittmund; died after 1622 in Emden. In 1593 a vessel of Maranos, under the leadership of Jacob Tirado, was driven...
MOSESSOHN, AARON BEN MOSES – German rabbi; born probably in Glogau; died at Ansbach, Bavaria, 1780; was a descendant of the Ẓebi family (see Brüll's "Jahrb." i. 87-122). In 1763 he was elected rabbi of Berlin, having previously been rabbi of Dessau....
MOSSIRI, ḤAYYIM NISSIM RAPHAEL – Turkish rabbinical writer; died about 1800 at Jerusalem, whither he had gone from Salonica. He was the author of "Be'er Mayim Ḥayyim," responsa (2 vols., Salonica, 1764 and 1814).Bibliography: Franco, Histoire des Israélites de...
MOSTAR – Capital of the district of Mostar, in the province of Bosnia and Herzegovina, Austria. It had in 1895 a total population of 14,370, of whom 164 were Jews. The first Jews settled at Mostar in 1850 and founded a community six...
MOSUL – Town of Asiatic Turkey; situated 220 miles northwest of Bagdad, on the right bank of the Tigris; capital of the province of the same name. Jews settled at Mosul, or rather in the ancient Nineveh (a suburb of which probably stood...