JewishEncyclopedia.com

The unedited full-text of the 1906 Jewish Encyclopedia
- Phrase search: "names of god"
- Exclude terms: "names of god" -zerah
- Volume/Page: v9 p419
- Diacritics optional: Ḥanukkah or hanukkah
- Search by Author: altruism author:Hirsch
search tips & recommendations

Emil G. Hirsch, Ph.D., LL.D.

Rabbi, Sinai Congregation; Professor of Rabbinical Literature and Philosophy, University of Chicago; Chicago, Ill.

Contributions:
HOBAB – Name occurring twice in the Bible, and borne either by Moses' father-in-law or by his brother-in-law. In the first passage (Num. x. 29),Hobab is said to have been the son of Raguel (R. V. "Reuel"), the Midianite, Moses'...
HOBAH – Place to the north of Damascus to which Abraham pursued the defeated army of Chedorlaomer (Gen. xiv. 15). Wetzstein identified the Biblical Hobah with the modern Ḥobah, 60 miles north of Damascus (Delitzsch,"Genesis," pp.561 et...
HODAVIAH – 1. The son of Elioenai, one of the last members of the royal line of Judah (I Chron. iii. 24, the "ketib" being ). 2. A Levite, founder of an important family of Levites (Ezra ii. 40). In the parallel list of Nehemiah (vii. 43)...
HOHAM – King of Hebron in the time of Joshua. He was one of the five kings who made war on the inhabitants of Gibeon to punish them for making peace with Israel (Josh. x. 3-5). Joshua went to the aid of the Gibeonites, and the five...
HOLDHEIM, SAMUEL – Early Training. German rabbi and author; leader of the extreme wing of the Reform movement; born at Kempen, Posen, in 1806; died at Berlin Aug. 22, 1860. The son of rigidly Orthodox parents, Holdheim was early inducted into...
HOLON – 1. City of Judah, in the Hebron hills, allotted, with its suburbs, to the priests (Josh. xv. 51, xxi. 15). In the parallel passage in I Chron. vi. 73 this city is called "Hilen" (A. V. "Anem"). 2. City of Moab, in the plain of...
HOLY OF HOLIES – That part of the Tabernacle and of the Temple which was regarded as possessing the utmost degree of holiness (or inaccessibility), and into which none but the High Priest—and he only once during the year, on the Day of...
HONEY – Often mentioned in the Old Testament as a choice article of food. It was eaten alone (Judges xiv. 9; I Sam. xiv. 27, et al.), as well as with other foods. In pastry it took the place of sugar (Ex. xvi. 31). It was, with milk,...
HOPHNI – The older of Eli's two sons who officiated as priests in the tabernacle of Shiloh (I Sam. i. 3). Hophni and his younger brother Phinehas are reproved as sons of Belial, and as rapacious and lustful (I Sam. ii. 12-17, 22). Their...
HOPHRA – King of Egypt at the time of the destruction of Jerusalem by Nebuchadnezzar. The name occurs but once in the Bible (Jer. xliv. 30); in the other passages where this king is referred to (Jer. xxxvii. 5, 7, 11; Ezek. xxix. 2 et...
HOR – 1. Mountain on the border-land of Idumæa; the next stopping-place after Kadesh of the children of Israel during their wanderings in the wilderness; famous as the scene of Aaron's death (Num. xx. 22 et seq., xxxiii. 37, and...
HORAM – King of Gezer at the time of the war between Joshua and the inhabitants of the land of Canaan. Horam went to the assistance of Lachish, but Joshua slew him and all his people (Josh. x. 33).E. G. H. M. Sel.
HOREM – Fortified city of Naphtali, named with Iron and Migdalel (Josh. xix. 38). It is generally identified with the modern Ḥurah, west of Kedesh-naphtali.E. G. H. M. Sel.
HORESH – The word , indicating the place in the wilderness of Ziph where David hid himself from Saul (I Sam. xxiii. 15, 18, 19), generally translated "in the wood," is taken in the R. V. (ib. xxxiii. 15, margin) and by several modern...
HOR-HAGIDGAD – Place in the desert where the Israelites encamped; said to be situated between Bene-jaakan and Jotbathah (Num. xxxiii. 32, 33; in R. V. "Hor-haggidgad"). In Deut. x. 7 the name is changed to "Gudgodah"( ). Robinson...
HORI – 1. Surname of Seir, who, with his descendants, the Horites, occupied the land subsequently called "Edom" (Gen. xxxvi. 20 et seq.). The name occurs in the plural only once (Deut. ii. 12), and with the definite article; its...
HORMAH – Name of a city, usually found without the article, but in Num. xiv. 45 (Hebr.) written "ha-Ḥormah." It is not certain whether only one, or more than one, place is represented by the name, though the latter is more probable....
HORNS OF MOSES – Owing to the representations of the old painters and sculptors, it has become a wide-spread belief that Moses, when he came down from Mount Sinai with the tables of the Law, had two horns on his forehead. This strange idea,...
HORONAIM – City of Moab (Isa. xv. 5; Jer. xlviii. 3, 5), mentioned also in the Mesha inscription (lines 31, 32) under the name . Its site is supposed by some to be to the south of the Arnon. Josephus ("Ant." xiii. 15, § 4; xiv. 1, § 4)...
HORSE – Biblical Data: The Hebrew terms are: , the generic and most common term; (I Kings v. 8; Micah i. 13; Esth. viii. 10, 14), the swift horse (A. V. "mule"); (only in the plural), the riding-horse, also the horseman (I Sam. viii....
HORTICULTURE – The Garden. That department of the science of agriculture which relates to the cultivation of gardens. The garden is called "gan" or "gannah" in the later Biblical books, and in the Mishnah "ginnah." Originally the word "gan"...
HOSEA, THE PROPHET – Hosea must have been a citizen of the Northern Kingdom of Israel, and must have remained there permanently during the period of his prophetic activity; for "the land" (i. 2) means Israel, and "our king" (vii. 5) the king of the...
HOSEA, BOOK OF – Biblical Data: The contents of the book may be summarized as follows:Part i., ch. i.-iii.—Two symbolical actions: (a) At the command of Yhwh, Hosea takes to wife an adulterous woman, as a symbol of the people of Israel, who have...
HOSHEA – Biblical Data: Last of the nineteen kings of Israel; son of Elah (II Kings xv. 30). Hoshea secured the throne through a conspiracy in which he was the leader, and which resulted in the assassination of Pekah, "in the twelfth...
HOSHEA – Biblical Data: Last of the nineteen kings of Israel; son of Elah (II Kings xv. 30). Hoshea secured the throne through a conspiracy in which he was the leader, and which resulted in the assassination of Pekah, "in the twelfth...