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Austrian historian; born April 1, 1828, at Cassel, Germany; died at Vienna Feb. 23, 1902; son of Moses Mordecai Büdinger.

Büdinger devoted himself from 1847 to 1851 to the study of history at the universities of Marburg, Bonn, and Berlin. In 1857 he became privat-docent of history at the University of Marburg; but seeing no prospect of attaining a professorship, on account of his Jewish faith, he soon left this position and went to Vienna. In 1861 he received a call to the University of Zurich as professor of history. From 1872 until his death in 1902 he occupied the chair of history at the University of Vienna. In 1887 he was elected a member of the Vienna Academy of Sciences.

Büdinger was the editor of two series of historic essays written by his pupils under his direction: (1) "Untersuchungen zur Römischen Kaisergeschichte," in 3 vols., Leipsic, 1868-70; and (2) "Untersuchungen zur Mittleren Geschichte," in 2 vols., ib. 1871. He is the author of the following works: (1) "Zur Kritik Altbayrischer Geschichte," Vienna, 1857; (2) "Zur Kritik Altböhmischer Geschichte," ib. 1857; (3) "Oesterreichische Geschichte bis zum Ausgang des 13. Jahrhunderts," Leipsic, 1858; (4) "König Richard III. von England," Vienna, 1858; (5) "Die Königinhofer Handschrift und Ihr Neuester Verteidiger," ib. 1859, where he proved the spuriousness of this pretended Old-Bohemian literary monument; (6) "Nachrichten aus Altrussischen Jahrbüchern," ib. 1859; (7) "Ein Buch Ungarischer Geschichte, 1058-1100," Leipsic, 1866; (8) "Wellington," ib. 1869; (9) "Lafayette," ib. 1870; (10) "Aegyptische Einwirkungen auf Hebräische Kulte," Vienna, 1872-74; (11) "Zur Aegyptischen Forschung Herodots," ib. 1873; (12) "Lafayette in Oesterreich," ib. 1878; (13) "Vorlesungen über Englische Verfassungsgeschichte," ib. 1880; (14) "Cicero und das Patriziat," ib. 1881; (15) "Poesie und Urkunde bei Thukydides," in 2 vols., ib. 1890-91; (16) "Don Carlos' Haft und Tod," ib. 1891. He embraced Protestantism.

  • La Grande Encyclopédie, viii. 355;
  • Meyers, Konversations-Lexikon, iii. 649.
S. I. Br.
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