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Emil G. Hirsch, Ph.D., LL.D.

Rabbi, Sinai Congregation; Professor of Rabbinical Literature and Philosophy, University of Chicago; Chicago, Ill.

Contributions:
HEMDAN – The eldest son of Dishon the Horite (Gen. xxxvi. 26). In the parallel list in I Chron. i. 41 this name is changed to "Hamran" ( ).E. G. H. M. Sel.
HEN – There is no mention of the hen in the Old Testament, though "barburim abusim" (I Kings v. 3) is taken in B. M. 86b for "fattened hens." Many of the Talmudic references to the hen ("tarnegolet"; "gabrit"; "paḥya") are quoted...
HENA – Rabshakeh's enumeration of the monarchies reduced by the King of Assyria terminates with the words "Hena' we-'Iwwah" (II Kings xix. 13; Isa. xxxvii. 13). These two words are supposed by several critics to be the names of two...
HEPHER – 1. A son of Gilead (Num. xxvi. 32, xxvii. 1; Josh. xvii. 2-3). The clan was known as the Hepherites (Num. xxvi. 32). 2. One of David's captains (I Chron. xi. 36). 3. Member of the tribe of Judah (I Chron. iv. 6). 4. Royal city...
HEPHZI-BAH – 1. Name to be borne by the restored Jerusalem (Isa. lxii. 4), in token that God will not abandon it. 2. Name of the queen of King Hezekiah and mother of Manasseh (II Kings xxi. 1).E. G. H. M. Sel.
HERES – 1. City in Egypt, mentioned in Isa. xix. 18: "In that day there shall be five cities in the land of Egypt that speak the language of Canaan, and swear to the Lord of hosts; one shall be called 'Ir ha-Heres" (A. V. "the city of...
HERMON – Mountain on the northeastern border of Palestine; the culminating point of the Anti-Lebanon range, at the springs of the Jordanand adjoining the plateau of Bashan (Deut. iii. 8; Josh. xi. 17, xii. 1; I Chron. v. 23). The name is...
HERON – Enumerated among the unclean birds (Lev. xi. 19 [R. V. margin, "ibis"]; Deut. xiv. 18; comp. Targ. , where the context points to some bird of the Ardeidœ family). There are at least seven species of heron common in Palestine,...
HESHBON – Town originally belonging to Moab; mentioned in Num. xxi. 25 et seq.; Deut. i. 4, iii. 6, iv. 26, xxix. 7; Josh. ix. 10; xii. 2 et seq.; xiii. 10, 21; Isa. xv. 4; xvi. 8, 9; Jer. xlviii. 2; Cant. vii. 5 (A. V. 4); Judith v. 15;...
ḤESHWAN (MARḤESHWAN) – The eighth month in the Hebrew calendar. The name is not found in the Bible, since it was introduced after theBabylonian exile, as were the Hebrew names of the other months now in use. "Ḥeshwan" is an arbitrary shortening of...
– Second son of Canaan (Gen. x. 15; I Chron. i. 13) and, apparently, the progenitor of the Hittites. Heth's descendants are called "children of Heth" ("bene Ḥet"), and, in Abraham's time, are said to have lived at Hebron. From...
HETHLON – Place referred to in Ezekiel (xlvii. 15, xlviii. 1); situated on the northern boundary of Israel as ideally projected by that prophet, who stated the place to be in the neighborhood of Hamath and Zedad. Furrer (in "Z. D. P. V."...
HEXATEUCH – The first six books of the Bible; the Pentateuch taken together with the Book of Joshua as one originally connected work. Two reasons are given for this connection. On the assumption that it was the intention of the historian to...
HEZEKIAH – 1. King of Judah (726-697 B.C.).—Biblical Data: Son of Ahaz and Abi or Abijah; ascended the throne at the age of twenty-five and reigned twenty-nine years (II Kings xviii. 1-2; II Chron. xxix. 1). Hezekiah was the opposite of...
HEZEKIAH – 1. King of Judah (726-697 B.C.).—Biblical Data: Son of Ahaz and Abi or Abijah; ascended the throne at the age of twenty-five and reigned twenty-nine years (II Kings xviii. 1-2; II Chron. xxix. 1). Hezekiah was the opposite of...
HEZIR – 1. A priest, chief of the seventeenth monthly course in the service; appointed by David (I Chron. xxiv. 15). 2. A layman, one of the heads of the people, who signed the covenant with Nehemiah (Neh. x. 20).E. G. H. M....
HEZRO – A native of Carmel, one of David's heroes (II Sam. xxiii. 35, R. V.; I Chron. xi. 37). The "ḳeri," however, in the former place is "Hezrai" ( ), which, according to Kennicott ("Dissertation," pp. 207-208), is the original form...
HEZRON – 1. Son of Reuben and founder of the family of the Hezronites (Gen. xlvi. 9; Ex. vi. 14; Num. xxvi. 6). 2. Son of Pharez and grandson of Judah, who was the direct ancestor of David (Gen. xlvi. 12; Ruth iv. 18). He had by his...
HIEL – A Bethelite who rebuilt Jericho in the reign of Ahab (I Kings xvi. 34). The curse pronounced by Joshua (vi. 26) was fulfilled in Hiel, namely: "He laid the foundation thereof in Abiram his first-born, and set up the gates...
HIGH PLACE – Etymology of "Bamah." A raised space primitively on a natural, later also on an artificial, elevation devoted to and equipped for the sacrificial cult of a deity. The term occurs also in the Assyrian ("bamati"; see Friedrich...
HIGH PRIEST – Biblical Data: Aaron, though he is but rarely called "the great priest," being generally simply designated "as ha- kohen" (the priest), was the first incumbent of the office, to which he was appointed by God (Ex. xxviii. 1, 2;...
HIPPOS – One of the cities of the Decapolis in Palestine, the site of which is uncertain. For the identifications of the ancient geographers see Pliny ("Hist. Naturalis," v. 14, xv. 18), Josephus ("Vita," § 65), and Eusebius...
HIRAH – An Adullamite, the friend of Judah, at whose house the latter stopped after the sale of Joseph (Gen. xxxviii. 1). Hirah accompanied Judah when he went to Timnah to superintend the shearing of his sheep (ib. verse 12). He was...
HIRAM, HURAM – 1.—Biblical Data: King of Tyre in the time of David and Solomon. After David had conquered Jerusalem, Hiram sent him cedar-wood and carpenters and masons so that he might build a house (II Sam. v. 11; I Chron. xiv. 1). Hiram was...
HIRAM, HURAM – 1.—Biblical Data: King of Tyre in the time of David and Solomon. After David had conquered Jerusalem, Hiram sent him cedar-wood and carpenters and masons so that he might build a house (II Sam. v. 11; I Chron. xiv. 1). Hiram was...