German painter; born at Berlin Jan. 7, 1799; died there Aug. 8, 1872. After studying successively medicine, architecture, and philosophy, he finally adopted the profession of painting, attending the Berlin Academy of Fine Arts. From 1826 to 1829 he traveled in France and Italy, revisiting the latter country in 1831. In 1850-53 he again toured through France and also visited Spain. In 1837 he became a member of the Berlin Academy, and in 1841 received the title of professor. His general culture secured for him considerable influence in artistic circles. He is best known by his portraits, of which "Thorwaldsen," "Prince Radziwill as a Child," "Count Wrangel," "Mendelssohn-Bartholdy," "Gustav Magnus," "Countess Arnim," "Madame Egells," "Henrietta Sontag," "Jenny Lind" (National Gallery, Berlin), and "E. Mandel" are the most important. His genre pictures include: "The Fisher Boy of Nice," "The Returning Greek," "Italian Women," "Children Playing with Flowers," and "Italian Landscape" (a very poetic production). In recognition of his ability he was decorated with the ribbon of the Order of Michael, the Order of the Red Eagle of the fourth class, and several gold medals.
- Seybert, Künstler-Lexikon;
- Meyers Konversations-Lexikon.