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The unedited full-text of the 1906 Jewish Encyclopedia
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YARMOUTH – Seaport of Norfolk, England. Jews must have resided in this town at an early date. In the Lansdowne MS. under date of 1280 mention is made of a certain Ysaac de Gernemutha, and in "Hebrew Deeds" ("Sheṭarot"), edited by M. D....
YARMUK – River of Palestine; its various sources rise in the mountains of Hauran and Jaulan; it flows generally west and empties into the Jordan four English miles south of the Lake of Gennesaret. Although it is narrow and shallow...
YAROSLAV (JAROSLAW) – Town in Galicia, known as one of the principal seats of the Council of Four Lands. The fair of Yaroslav, at which the Council decided matters regarding the various communities, and at which also the heads of yeshibot used to...
YASHAR, SEFER HA- – One of the latest works of the midrashic Haggadah; known also under the titles "Toledot Adam" and "Dibre ha-Yamim be-'Aruk." It is written in correct and fluent Hebrew, and treats of the history of the Jews from the time of Adam...
YATES PEDIGREE – See Samuel and Yates Pedigree.
YATES, BENJAMIN ELIAKIM – First minister of the congregation at Liverpool, England; died there 1798. He was the elder son of Eliakim Getz (Goetz) of Strelitz, and he himself also appears to have been a native of Strelitz. On going to England he became an...
YAWAN – See Javan.
YEAR-BOOK – An annual publication that contains not only a calendar and a review of the year, but also articles of literary interest, and communal information, being thus distinguished from the almanac, though the line of distinction can...
YEDAYA – See Bedersi or Bedaresi, Jedaiah ben Abraham.
YEHUDAI BEN NAḤMAN – Gaon of Sura from 760 to 764. After the office of the gaonate was left vacant by the death of Mar Aḥa, the exilarch Solomon, departing from the usual custom, decided to appoint a scholar of the Pumbedita Academy, Yehudai ben...
YEKATERINOSLAF (YEKATERINOSLAV) – Russian city founded in 1787 during the reign of Catherine II.; capital of the government of the same name. It is one of the most important commercial and industrial centers of southern Russia, the census of 1897 crediting it...
YELAMMEDENU – See Tanḥuma Midrash.
YELISAVETGRAD (ELIZABETHGRAD) – Town in the government of Kherson, Russia. It was founded in 1754, and soon became one of the most important cities of southern Russia. The name of Yelisavetgrad recalls sad memories to the Russian Jews; for from that town...
YEMEN – Province comprising the southwestern part of Arabia. Various traditions trace the earliest settlement of Jews in this region back to the time of Solomon, and the Sanaite Jews have a legend to the effect that their forefathers...
YERUSHALMI, SOLOMON B. MENAHEM – Scholar of the early part of the sixteenth century. He wrote a commentary on the Book of Ruth which he entitled "Perush 'al Rut" (Salonica, 1551; 2d ed. [together with the "Pardes Rimmonim"], Sabbionetta, 1554).Bibliography:...
YESHIBAH – A high school; a rabbinical college. It is the oldest institution of Jewish learning, and ranks higher than the Ḥeder or the Talmud Torah. The term "yeshibah" and the Aramaic equivalent "metibta" (both found in the Talmud)...
YESHU'AH (JESHUAH) BEN ELIJAH HA-LEVI – African scholar and, perhaps, liturgical poet; of unknown date. He collected the poems of Judah ha-Levi into a diwan, providing the volume with an Arabic introduction and heading most of the poems with superscriptions in which...
YESHU'AH (JESHUAH) BEN JOSEPH HA-LEVI – Algerian Talmudist of the fifteenth century; born at Tlemçen. In 1467, owing to the massacres of the Jews of Tlemçen committed by the Spaniards at that time, Yeshu'ah, still a young man, fled from his native town, with the...
YEVREISKAYA BIBLIOTEKA – See Russia, Periodicals.