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CANSTATT, KARL FRIEDRICH – German physician and medical author; born at Regensburg July 11, 1807; died at Erlangen March 10, 1850. He was one of the pioneers of the modern school of medicine in Germany, and numbered Professor Virchow among his pupils....
CANTARINI – A distinguished family of Italian Jews tracing their descent from Gherescion (Grassin) Cantarini, who, when one year old, was driven from his native place, Asolo, and was taken to Padua (1547), where his descendants were leaders...
CANTARINI, AZRIEL (ANGELO) BEN SAMUEL (SIMON) HA-KOHEN – Italian rabbi; born 1577 at Padua; died there 1653. He was rabbi and preacher in his native city, and directed the yeshibah Leḳaḥ Ṭob there.Bibliography: Nepi-Ghirondi, Toledot Gedole Yisrael, p. 282; Mortara, Indice, p. 10;...
CANTARINI, ḤAYYIM MOSES (ANGELO) BEN ISAIAH AZRIEL – Italian physician, rabbi, poet, and writer; lived in the second half of the seventeenth and the first half of the eighteenth century at Padua, where he was also instructor in the yeshibah. He published in Italian: "Chirurgia...
CANTARINI, ISAAC ḤAYYIM (VITA) – Italian poet, writer, physician, and rabbi; born Feb. 2, 1644, at Padua; died there June 8, 1723. He studied Hebrew and the Talmud with Solomon Marini, author of the "Tiḳḳun 'Olam," and with the poet Moses Catalano. His...
CANTARINI, JUDAH (LEON) BEN SAMUEL (SIMON) HA-KOHEN – Italian physician and rabbi; born about 1650 at Padua; died there April 28, 1694. He had a large practise among the Christian as well as the Jewish population of that city, visiting the poorer of his patients four times a day...
CANTARINI, KALONYMUS AARON (CLEMENT) BEN SAMUEL (SIMON) HAKOHEN – Italian physician; born in 1593 at Padua; died there July 30, 1631, of the plague. He was famous as a Talmudist, as well as for his extensive knowledge of the profane sciences.Bibliography: Nepi-Ghirondi, Toledot Gedole Yisrael,...
CANTARINI, SAMUEL (SIMON) BEN GERSON HAKOHEN – Official procurator of the Jewish community of Padua; born about 1561; died 1631 during the plague, to which also two of his sons and other members of his family succumbed. His sons were Azriel, Kalonymus, and Judah Cantarini....
CANTERBURY – Large town in Kent, England, containing the metropolitan cathedral. Jews were settled here in the twelfth century. They seem to have been on very good terms with the monks, taking their side in a controversy with the archbishop....
CANTHERAS – Surname of Simon, the son of Boethus, the high priest, according to Josephus "Ant." xix. 6, §§ 2, 4; compare ib. 8, § 1, where Elioneus, son of Cantheras, is mentioned as having also been appointed high priest by King Agrippa...
CANTICLES, BOOK OF – See Song of Songs.
CANTILLATION – Mode of intonation used in public recital of prayers and Holy Scripture. The infinite gradations of tone in ordinary speech serve to bring home to the listener the interrelation and coordination of the words used by the speaker....
CANTON, ISAAC BERECHIAH – Italian Talmudist; flourished about the middle of the eighteenth century in Turin, in which city he established a yeshibah. He is the author of a responsum in Simson Morpurgo's "Shemesh Ẓedaḳah" (Yoreh De'ah, 12). Ghirondi...
CANTONI, LELIO – Italian rabbi; born in 1802 at Gazzuolo (dukedom of Mantua); died in 1857 at Turin. In 1829 he went to the Istituto Rabbinico at Padua, then recently established, graduating as rabbi in 1832. From 1833 until his death he was...
CANTONISTS – Sons of Russian private soldiers who from 1805 to 1827 were educated in special "canton schools" for future military service; after 1827 the term was applied also to Jewish boys, who, according to a statute issued Sept. 7, 1827,...
CANTOR – See Ḥazzan.
CANTOR, GEORG – German mathematician; born at St. Petersburg, Russia, March 3, 1845. He is distantly related to Moritz Cantor. He was only eleven years old when he went to Germany, where he received his high-school and university education. In...
CANTOR, JACOB A. – American lawyer and politician; born in New York city Dec. 6, 1854; grandson of Agil Hanau, cantor of Dukes Place Synagogue, London. Cantor is an LL.B. of the University of New York. He served as a member of the assembly of the...
CANTOR, MORITZ – German historian of mathematics; born at Mannheim, Germany, on Aug. 23, 1829. He comes of a family that emigrated to Holland from Portugal, another branch of the same house having established itself in Russia, the land of Georg...
CANTORI, JOSHUA DEI – Assailant of the Talmud at Cremona in 1559. According to Steinschneider, he belonged to the family Cantarini ( ). In consequence of a dispute with Joseph Ottolenghi, who was head of the Talmudical school of Cremona, Cantori, in...
CAPADOCE, ABRAHAM – Convert to Christianity; born at Amsterdam 1795; died there Dec. 16, 1874. His parents, who were Portuguese Jews, gave him an entirely secular education, wishing him to study medicine. After having completed his medical studies...
ÇAPATEIRO, JOSEPH – Portuguese traveler of the fifteenth century. After a so-journ in Bagdad, he returned to Lisbon to present a report to King João II. on Ormuz, the emporium of the East-Indian spice trade. He thereupon, by the king's orders, set...
CAPE TOWN – See South Africa.
CAPEFIGUE, JEAN-BAPTISTE HONORÉ-RAYMOND – French Christian publicist and historian; born at Marseilles 1802; died at Paris Dec. 23, 1872. Among many historical works, Capefigue wrote a history of the Jews, entitled "Histoire Philosophique des Juifs Depuis la Décadence...
CAPER-BERRY – The feminine "abiyyonah" does not express "desire," but "the desiring thing," sc. "soul" [so Ḳimḥi]. The Septuagint, Vulgate, Peshiṭta, and Aquila translate by κάππαρις, "caper-berry," which traditional translation is confirmed...