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The unedited full-text of the 1906 Jewish Encyclopedia
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HOCHMEISTER – Name used in German medieval documents for "rabbi" or "grand rabbi." It seems to have been first used in the Palatinate in the fourteenth century. In 1364 Sussmann, the "Hochmeister" of Ratisbon, received permission to open a...
HOCHMUTH, ABRAHAM – Hungarian rabbi; born at Bán, Hungary, Dec. 14, 1816; died at Veszprim June 10, 1889. While attending the University of Prague he pursued the study of the Talmud with S. L. Rapoport. In 1846 he was appointed principal of the...
HOCHSCHULE, BERLIN – See Lehranstalt für Die Wissenschaft des Judenthums.
HOCHSTÄDTER, BENJAMIN – German rabbi; born 1810 at Hürben, Bavaria; died at Frankfort-on-the-Main Dec. 8, 1888. As teacher and preacher at Heddernheim, near Frankfort (1833-38), and at Wiesbaden (1838-45), and as rabbi at Langenschwalbach and at Ems,...
HOCHWART, LOTHAR VON – See Frankl, Ludwig August, Ritter von Hochwart.
HOCK, SIMON – Austrian writer; born at Prague Nov. 27, 1815; died at Vienna Oct. 22, 1887. For several decades he gave his spare time to the collection of material relating to the history of the Jews in Prague. The accumulated material was...
HODAVIAH – 1. The son of Elioenai, one of the last members of the royal line of Judah (I Chron. iii. 24, the "ketib" being ). 2. A Levite, founder of an important family of Levites (Ezra ii. 40). In the parallel list of Nehemiah (vii. 43)...
HODU – See Hallel.
HOFFA, JOSEPH – German philologist and archeologist; born Aug. 18, 1803, at Cassel; died about 1843. His father was paymaster of the army. In 1816 he entered the lyceum at Cassel, and in 1821 went to the University of Marburg, where he devoted...
HOFFER, LEOPOLD – Journalist and chess editor; born 1842, in Budapest. He removed to France about 1866, and began to play chess in Paris. In 1870 he settled in London, where he has since resided. Hoffer has become widely known as a writer on...
HOFFMAN, CHARLES ISAIAH – American editor and communal worker; born at Philadelphia, Pa., Jan. 3, 1864; educated at the University of Pennsylvania, at that of Cambridge, England, and at the Jewish Theological Seminary of America. Hoffman was the editor...
HOFFMANN, DAVID – Rector of the Rabbinical Seminary at Berlin; born at Verbó, Hungary, Nov. 24, 1843. After attending various yeshibot in his native town he entered the lyceum at Presburg, from which he graduated in 1865. He then studied...
HOFFNUNG, DIE – See Periodicals.
HOFMANN, ISAAK LÖW, EDLER VON HOFMANNSTHAL – Austrian merchant; born June 10, 1759, at Prostiebor, near Kladrau, in the district of Pilsen, Bohemia; died at Vienna Dec. 12, 1849. During the famine in Ansbach in the middle of the eighteenth century, Hofmann's parents had...
HOGA, STANISLAUS – English convert to Christianity; lived in London in the nineteenth century. He published "Songs of Zion," a selection of English and German hymns translated into Hebrew (1834; 2d ed., with additions, 1842). Hoga also wrote, in...
HOHAM – King of Hebron in the time of Joshua. He was one of the five kings who made war on the inhabitants of Gibeon to punish them for making peace with Israel (Josh. x. 3-5). Joshua went to the aid of the Gibeonites, and the five...
HOHE RABBI LÖ, DER – See Judah Löw b. Bezaleel.
HOHENEMS – Town in Vorarlberg, Austria, between Tyrol and Lake Constance. In 1890 it had a total population of 3,988, of whom 118 were Jews. In the period of its greatest prosperity (1862) the community numbered 564 souls. The town...
HOHENZOLLERN – Two principalities, Hohenzollern-Hechingen and Hohenzollern-Sigmaringen, named from the castle of Zollern, in Swabia; formerly sovereign states, but since 1849 incorporated into the kingdom of Prussia. In a total population of...
ḤOL HA-MO'ED – See Holy Days.
HOLDHEIM, SAMUEL – Early Training. German rabbi and author; leader of the extreme wing of the Reform movement; born at Kempen, Posen, in 1806; died at Berlin Aug. 22, 1860. The son of rigidly Orthodox parents, Holdheim was early inducted into...
HOLIDAYS – See Holy Days.
HOLINESS – Unapproachableness; the state of separation from, and elevation above, things common, profane, or sensual, first in a physical and external, and later in a spiritual, sense; moral purity and perfection incapable of sin and...
HOLITSCHER, PHILIP – Hungarian land holder and author; born in Budapest Aug. 19, 1822. His parents destined him for a mercantile career, and in 1842 he took over his father's factory. He retired, however, from business about thirty years later, and...
HOLLAENDERSKI, LÉON LÖB BEN DAVID – Polish scholar and author; born at Wistiniecz, government of Suwalki, Russian Poland, 1808; died in Paris Dec. 20, 1878. He studied at Königsberg, Prussia, and on his return in 1833 was appointed an interpreter at the tribunal...